This is a List of rulers of Wallachia, from the first mention of a medieval polity situated between the Southern Carpathians and the Danube until the union with Moldavia in 1862, leading to the creation of Romania.
Inhabited by Dacians in the antiquity and Romanized Dacians in the early Middle Ages, most of today's Moldova was part of the Principality of Moldavia from its founding in 1359 until 1812, when it was annexed (under the name Bessarabia) by the Russian Empire following one of several Russian-Turkish wars. In 1918, Bessarabia united with Romania, but in 1940 it was occupied by the Soviet Union, to become independent when the latter broke up in 1991.
Moldavia is a geographic and historical region and former principality in Eastern Europe, corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester river. An initially independent and later autonomous state, it existed from the 14th century to 1859, when it united with Wallachia as the basis of the modern Romanian state; at various times, the state included the regions of Bessarabia, all of Bukovina and Pokuttya.
The Treaty of Passarowitz or Treaty of Požarevac was the peace treaty signed in Požarevac, a town in modern Serbia, on 21 July 1718 between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria and the Republic of Venice on the other. During the years 1714-1718, the Ottomans had been successful against Venice in Greece and Crete, but had been defeated at Petrovaradin (1716) by the Austrian troops of Prince Eugene of Savoy. The treaty reflected the military situation.
Moesia was an ancient region and Roman province situated in the Balkans, along the south bank of the Danube River. It included territories of modern-day Northern Republic of Macedonia, Southern Serbia (Upper Moesia), Northern Bulgaria, South-Eastern Romania, Southern Moldova, and Budjak (Lower Moesia).
A voivodeship, also spelled voivodship, voivodina or vojvodina, is a type of administrative division dating to medieval Poland, Romania, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia and Serbia, ruled by a voivode (wojewoda, voivod). The voivode (literally, "leader of warriors", equivalent to Dux Exercituum or Herzog) was originally the military commander next to the ruler.
This is a List of rulers of Moldavia, from the first mention of the medieval polity east of the Carpathians and until its disestablishment in 1862, when it united with Wallachia, the other Danubian Principality, to form the modern-day state of Romania.
The Treaty of Berlin was the final act of the Congress of Berlin (June 13-July 13, 1878), by which the United Kingdom, Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Abdul Hamid II revised the Treaty of San Stefano signed on March 3 of the same year. The most important task of the Congress was to decide the fate of the re-established Principality of Bulgaria. However, Bulgaria was excluded from the talks at Russian insistence.
The Austrian Empire was a modern era successor empire founded on a remnant of the Holy Roman Empire centered on what is today's Austria that officially lasted from 1804 to 1867. It was followed by the Empire of Austria–Hungary, which was proclaimed after declaring the Emperor of Austria also King of Hungary, a diplomatic move that elevated Hungary's status within the Austrian Empire as a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867.
The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania. The President is directly elected by a two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004, after the Constitution was modified in 2003). An individual may serve two terms. During his/her term in office, the President may not be a member of any political party.
Earl of Portmore was a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1703 for Sir David Colyear, 2nd Baronet along with the titles of Lord Colyear and Viscount of Milsington (also in the Peerage of Scotland). Colyear had already been created Lord Portmore in the Peerage of Scotland in 1699. The Baronetcy, of Holland, had been created in the Baronetage of England on 20 February 1677 for Alexander Colyear. All of the titles became extinct on the death of the fourth Earl in 1835.
BNY Mellon Corporation is a global financial services company formed on 1 July 2007 as result of the merger of The Bank of New York and Mellon Financial Corporation. The company employs about 42,900 staff worldwide and has over US$928 billion in assets under management and $20.2 trillion in assets under custody and administration.