Sir John Ambrose Fleming (29 November 1849 – 18 April 1945) was an English electrical engineer and physicist. He is known for inventing the first thermionic valve or vacuum tube, the diode, then called the kenotron in 1904. He also invented the right-hand rule, used in mathematics and electronics. He was born the eldest of seven children of James Fleming DD (died 1879), a Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Ann, at Lancaster, Lancashire and baptized on 11 February 1850.
Felix Christian Klein (25 April 1849 – 22 June 1925) was a German mathematician, known for his work in group theory, function theory, non-Euclidean geometry, and on the connections between geometry and group theory. His 1872 Erlangen Program, classifying geometries by their underlying symmetry groups, was a hugely influential synthesis of much of the mathematics of the day.
Johan August Strindberg (was a Swedish playwright and writer. He is arguably the most influential of all Swedish authors and is considered to be the "father of modern literature" in Sweden. He is one of the most influential Scandinavian authors, along with Knut Hamsun, Henrik Ibsen, Søren Kierkegaard, Hans Christian Andersen and Karen Blixen. Strindberg is known as one of the developers of modern theatre. His work is of two major literary styles, Naturalism and Expressionism.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was a Russian, and later Soviet, physiologist, psychologist, and physician. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1904 for research pertaining to the digestive system. Pavlov is widely known for first describing the phenomenon of classical conditioning.
Basil Zaharoff, GCB, GBE, born Basileios Zacharias, was a Greek-Turkish-born French arms trader and financier of Greek heritage, the director and chairman of the Vickers munitions firm during World War I.
Robert Means Thompson (2 March 1849 - 5 September 1930) was a United States Navy officer. He was born in Corsica, Pennsylvania. He was appointed to the United States Naval Academy on 30 July 1864. Graduating tenth in the class of 1868, Thompson first went to sea in Contoocook in the West Indian Squadron. He later served in Franklin, Richmond, and Guard of the Mediterranean Squadron; as well as in Wachusett and at the Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, Rhode Island.
Jacob August Riis (May 3, 1849 - May 26, 1914), was a Danish American social reformer, muckraking journalist and social documentary photographer. He is known for his dedication to using his photographic and journalistic talents to help the impoverished in New York City, which was the subject of most of his prolific writings and photography. He helped with the implementation of "model tenements" in New York with the help of humanitarian Lawrence Veiller.
Sir William Osler, M.D. ,C.M. , 1st Baronet (July 12, 1849 – December 29, 1919) was a Canadian physician. (The "o" in "Osler" is pronounced like the "o" in "go". ) He has been called one of the greatest icons of modern medicine and described as the Father of Modern Medicine. Osler was a pathologist, educator, bibliophile, historian, author, and renowned practical joker.
Sir Edmund Barton, GCMG, KC (18 January 1849 – 7 January 1920), Australian politician and judge, was the first Prime Minister of Australia and a founding justice of the High Court of Australia. Barton's greatest contribution to Australian history was his management of the federation movement through the 1890s. Elected at the inaugural 1901 federal election, Barton resigned from the position of Prime Minister of Australia in 1903 and became a judge of Australia's High Court.
Super Mario World, also formerly known as Super Mario Bros. 4, is a platform game developed and published by Nintendo as a pack-in launch title for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, released initially on November 21, 1990 in Japan and on August 13, 1991 in North America. Similarly to other games in the Mario series, the plot involves Mario and Luigi traversing different lands on a quest to rescue Princess Toadstool who has been kidnapped by Bowser.