Acute HIV Infection and Early Diseases Research Program
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
Human immunodeficiency virus 2
Lymphadenopathy Associated Virus
فيروس نقص المناعة
Virus de la Immunodeficiència Humana
Virus de l'immunodéficience humaine
Virus de l'Immunodéfience Humaine
Virus de l'immunodeficiéncia umana
Wirus zespołu nabytego braku odporności
اېچ آی وي(HIV)
Vírus da imunodeficiência humana
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells.
Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the killing of a person by judicial process as a punishment for an offense. Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences. The term capital originates from Latin capitalis, literally "regarding the head" (Latin caput). Hence, a capital crime was originally one punished by the severing of the head.
Cardiac arrest, (also known as cardiopulmonary arrest or circulatory arrest) is the cessation of normal circulation of the blood due to failure of the heart to contract effectively, and if this is unexpected can be termed a sudden cardiac arrest or SCA. A cardiac arrest is different from (but may be caused by) a heart attack, where blood flow to the muscle of the heart is impaired. Arrested blood circulation prevents delivery of oxygen to the body.
Spontaneous human combustion (SHC) is a name used to describe cases of the burning of a living human body without an apparent external source of ignition. Some regard SHC as a unique and currently unexplained phenomenon, others feel that cases described as SHC can be understood using current generally-accepted scientific principles, but the most common view by far is extreme skepticism.
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or crib death is a syndrome marked by the sudden death of an infant that is unexpected by history and remains unexplained after a thorough forensic autopsy and a detailed death scene investigation. The term cot death is often used in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, India, South Africa and New Zealand.
Edema or oedema (British English; both words from the Greek οἴδημα), formerly known as dropsy or hydropsy, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the skin or in one or more cavities of the body. Generally, the amount of interstitial fluid is determined by the balance of fluid homeostasis, and increased secretion of fluid into the interstitium or impaired removal of this fluid may cause edema.
Karōshi, which can be translated literally from Japanese as "death from overwork", is occupational sudden death. Although this category has a significant count, Japan is one of the few countries that reports it in the statistics as a separate category. The major medical causes of karōshi deaths are heart attack and stroke due to stress.
Hyperthermia is an elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation. Hyperthermia occurs when the body produces or absorbs more heat than it can dissipate. When the elevated body temperatures are sufficiently high, hyperthermia is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment to prevent disability and death. The most common causes are heat stroke and adverse reactions to drugs.
Asphyxia (from Greek a-, "without" and σφυγμός, ", heartbeat") is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from being unable to breathe normally. An example of asphyxia is choking. Asphyxia causes generalized hypoxia, which primarily affects the tissues and organs.
Cancer /ˈkænsə(r)/ is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth (division beyond the normal limits), invasion (intrusion on and destruction of adjacent tissues), and sometimes metastasis (spread to other locations in the body via lymph or blood). These three malignant properties of cancers differentiate them from benign tumors, which are self-limited, and do not invade or metastasize. Most cancers form a tumor but some, like leukemia, do not.
Tuy (or Tui) is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Hauts-Bassins Region. Its capital is Houndé. Burkina Manganèse SARL currently holds a ten year renewable mining permit to extract manganese from the Kiéré mine where it expects to commence production during October. Tuy is divided into 6 departments: Bekuy Bereba Founzan Hounde Koti Koumbia See also: Regions of Burkina Faso Provinces of Burkina Faso Departments of Burkina Faso
Belvedere Marittimo is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy. The town is made of two separate urbanized areas also called "paese" and "marina". The first is what's left of the original medieval town, the second was developed in more recent decades and it now represents the center of Belvedere Marittimo's commercial and turistic services.
Ernst Robert Efraim Fast (January 21, 1881 – October 26, 1959) was Swedish long distance runner who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. He specialized in the marathon and participated in the event in Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the bronze medal, behind second place Emile Champion.