The Nani people are a Tungusic people of the Far East, who have traditionally lived along Heilongjiang, Songhuajiang (Sunggari) and Ussuri rivers on the Middle Amur Basin. The ancestors of the Nanais were the Jurchens of northernmost Manchuria. The Nanai/Hezhe language belongs to the Manchu-Tungusic branch of the Altai languages.
Curacautín, which means "Gathering Stone" in Mapudungun, is a municipality and city in the Chilean province of Malleco. Curacautin is located 90 kilometres northeast of Temuco, in a valley near the volcanoes Tolhuaca, Lonquimay and Llaima, all of which can be seen from the city. Historically, it served as a highway of sorts for the Pehuenches that lived on either side of the Andes mountain range.