Chicago (or) is the third largest city in the United States in terms of population, and with more than 2.8 million people, the largest city in the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States. Located on the southwestern shores of Lake Michigan, bordering the Illinois-Indiana State Line, Chicago is the third-most densely populated major city in the U.S. , and anchor to the world's 26th largest metropolitan area with over 9.56 million people across three states.
The Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, is the metropolitan area associated with the city of Chicago in the United States and its suburbs. It is the area that is closely linked to the city through social, economic, and cultural ties.
The municipal flag of Chicago consists of two blue horizontal stripes on a field of white, each stripe one-sixth the height of the full flag, and placed slightly less than one-sixth of the way from the top or bottom, respectively. Between the two blue stripes are four red, six-pointed stars arranged in a horizontal row.
On a typical Chicago mid-summer day, humidity is usually moderately high and temperatures ordinarily reach anywhere between 78°F and 92°F (26°C to 33°C). Overnight temperatures in summer usually drop to around 65°F (18°C), but can sometimes remain well above 70°F (21°C). Yearly precipitation comes in at an average of about 36 inches (920 mm). Summer in Chicago is prone to thunderstorms, and summer rain arises from short-lived hit-or-miss storms rather than prolonged rainfalls.
Area code 312 encompasses the Chicago Loop and surrounding areas of the city of Chicago, Illinois. It is roughly bounded by North Avenue on the north, Ashland Avenue on the west, Lake Michigan on the east, and 31st Street on the south. By size, it is one of the smallest area codes in the nation, encompassing only a few square miles.
Area code 773 went into effect in the northern, western and southern neighborhoods of the city of Chicago, Illinois on 12 October 1996. Originally, the entire city and much of northeastern Illinois were in area code 312. Then, in 1989, area code 708 was created for the suburbs, leaving a rump 312. Eventually, the city itself was split between 312 in the downtown/Loop areas and 773 in the rest of the city.
A Mornay sauce is a Béchamel sauce with shredded or grated cheese added. Usually, it consists of half Gruyère and half Parmesan cheese, though some variations use different combinations of Gruyère, Emmental cheese, or white Cheddar. It is often served with seafood or vegetables. Mornay sauce is a key ingredient in the Hot Brown sandwich, made famous at the Brown Hotel in Louisville, Kentucky.