Khadamat-e Etela'at-e Dawlati (Persian 'خدمات اطلاعات دولتی'), almost always known by its acronym KHAD (or KhAD), is the main security agency and intelligence agency of Afghanistan, and also served as the secret police during the Soviet occupation. Successor to AGSA (Department for Safeguarding the Interests of Afghanistan) and KAM, KHAD was nominally part of the Afghan state, but it was firmly under the control of the Soviet KGB until 1989.
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs, abbreviated NKVD was the public and secret police organization of the Soviet Union that directly executed the rule of power of the Soviets, including political repression, during the era of Stalin. The NKVD contained the regular, public police force of the USSR but is better known for the activities of the Gulag and the Main Directorate for State Security (GUGB), which eventually became the Committee for State Security.
An intelligence agency is a governmental agency that is devoted to information gathering (known in the context as "intelligence") for purposes of national security and defense. Means of information gathering may include espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. The assembly and propagation of this information is known as intelligence analysis.
Mukhābarāt is the Arabic term for intelligence, as in intelligence agency. In the West, the term is sometimes used negatively, connotating repression, often by means of secret police or state terror, in Arab countries.
Nemzetbiztonsági Hivatal (NBH) (Office of National Security) is the name of a Hungarian secret service. Its primary responsibilities are defensive: counterintelligence, counter-terrorism, and related proactive measures. The Hivatal also leads investigations against organized crime and deals with (mainly internal) threats against society (such as political extremism).
BVD is a brand of men's underwear, which are commonly referred to as "BVDs. " BVD stands for Bradley, Voorhees & Day, the New York City firm that initially manufactured underwear of this name for both men and women. BVD is now only for men. It was founded in 1876 and named for its three founders.
The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB) is the main domestic security agency of the Russian Federation and the main successor agency of the Soviet-era Cheka, NKVD and KGB. The FSB is involved in counter-intelligence, internal and border security, counter-terrorism, and surveillance. Its headquarters are on Lubyanka Square, downtown Moscow, the same location as the former headquarters of the KGB. The Federal Counterintelligence Service (FSK) was the predecessor of the FSB.
The Security Service of Ukraine, or SBU, is Ukraine's main government security agency. The SBU is responsible for State security, including: secret police tasks, counterintelligence, fighting terrorism, smuggling, illegal trading of restricted substances, and personal security of the President, Verkhovna Rada (Supreme Council), and other important figures and institutions.
Oberstgruppenführer was (from 1942 to 1945) the highest commissioned SS rank with the exception of Reichsführer-SS, which was a special rank held by Heinrich Himmler. The rank was sometimes written as "Oberst-Gruppenführer" and has been translated in various British and American texts as “Colonel Group Leader” and also "Supreme Group Leader".
The order Ascaridida includes several families of parasitic roundworms with three "lips" on the anterior end. They were formerly placed in the subclass Rhabditia by some, but morphological and DNA sequence data rather unequivocally assigns them to the Spiruria. The Oxyurida and Rhigonematida are occasionally placed in the Ascaridida as superfamily Oxyuroidea, but while they seem indeed to be Spiruria, they are not as close to Ascaris as such a treatment would place them.
K28HS is a low-power independent television station in Hagåtña, Guam. Much like its sister stations, K32GB 32 and K36GJ 36, its signal is so weak at just 0.15 kilowatts, that it does not even reach all of Hagåtña or Tamuning.
Marion Coyle is a former volunteer in the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA). Marion Coyle was born in July 1954 and lived in the Duncreggan Road, a rather middle-class and fashionable area of Derry City. Coyle was a student in typing and advanced English at the time of the civil rights demonstrations and civil disorder which culminated in the Battle of the Bogside.