This article is specifically about the term "kung fu". The martial arts often called Kung Fu are in fact synonymous with "Chinese martial arts"; for information about this, see Chinese martial arts. For other uses, see Kung fu (disambiguation). Kung fu or gongfu or gung fu is a Chinese term often used by speakers of the English language to refer to Chinese martial arts. Its original meaning is somewhat different, referring to one's expertise in any skill, not necessarily martial.
Nèi jiā (lit. "internal family") is a term in Chinese martial arts, grouping those styles that practice nèi jìn (lit. "internal strength"), usually translated as internal martial arts, occupied with spiritual, mental or qi-related aspects, as opposed to an "external" (外 wài) approach focussed on physiological aspects. The distinction dates to the 17th century, but its modern application is due to publications by Sun Lutang, dating to the period of 1915 to 1928.
In traditional Chinese culture, qi is an active principle forming part of any living thing. It is frequently translated as "energy flow," and is often compared to Western notions of energeia or élan vital as well as the yogic notion of prana. The literal translation is "air," "breath," or "gas" (compare the original meaning of Latin ' "breathing"; or the Common Greek πνεῦμα, meaning "air," "breath," or "spirit"; and the Sanskrit term prana, "breath").
Wuxia or Wǔxiá is a broad genre of Chinese fiction concerning the adventures of martial artists set in ancient China. Although Wuxia is traditionally a form of literature, its popularity has caused it to spread to art, comics, films, television, theatre and video games. Wuxia is a large component of popular culture for many Chinese-speaking communities worldwide.
In Chinese philosophy, the concept of yin yang (often referred to in the west as yin and yang) is used to describe how polar or seemingly contrary forces are interconnected and interdependent in the natural world, and how they give rise to each other in turn.
Chin Na or Qinna is a Chinese term describing techniques used in the Chinese martial arts that control or lock an opponent's joints or muscles/tendons so he cannot move, thus neutralizing the opponent's fighting ability. Also chin na su, literally translates as technique of catching and locking in Chinese. Some schools simply use the word na to describe the techniques.
Chum Kiu is the second of three open-hand forms of Wing Chun Kung Fu. It builds upon many of the basic principles and techniques learned in the first Wing Chun open-hand form, Siu Lim Tao. The form may also be called Chum Kil.
These are terms used in the Chinese martial art Wing Chun. Note that Wing Chun terms are originally colloquial Cantonese (or even slang spoken in Foshan). The meaning might therefore be difficult to trace. Some of those terms are used in Jeet Kune Do, sometimes with a different meaning.
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (August 24, 1899 – June 14, 1986), best known as Jorge Luis Borges, was an Argentine writer, essayist, and poet born in Buenos Aires. In 1914 his family moved to Switzerland where he attended school and traveled to Spain. On his return to Argentina in 1921, Borges began publishing his poems and essays in surrealist literary journals. He also worked as a librarian and public lecturer.
Ayyavazhi is a dharmic belief system that originated in South India in the 19th century. It is cited as an independent monistic religion by several newspapers, government reports and academic researchers. In Indian censuses, however, the majority of its followers declare themselves as Hindus. Therefore, Ayyavazhi is also considered a Hindu sect.
KSBZ is a radio station broadcasting a Classic rock format. Licensed to Sitka, Alaska, USA, the station serves the Alaska Panhandle area. The station is currently owned by Alaska Broadcast Communications, and features programing from ABC Radio . The studios for KSBZ and it's sister station KIFW, are at 611 Lake Street in Sitka.
La Pallice is the industrial harbour of the city of La Rochelle, France. It is a commercial harbour in deep water, named after the French philosopher La Pallice. The large submarine bunker built during World War II still stands there, although it is not being used. La Pallice is equipped with oil unloading equipment, and mainly handles tropical wood. It is also the location of the fishing fleet, which was moved from the old harbour at the centre of the city during the 1980s.