Absalon (c. 1128 – 21 March 1201) was a Danish archbishop and statesman. He was the son of Asser Rig of Fjenneslev, at whose castle he and his brother Esbjørn (Esbern) were brought up along with the young prince Valdemar, afterwards King Valdemar I.
Raynald of Châtillon (c. 1125 – July 4, 1187) was a knight who served in the Second Crusade and remained in the Holy Land after its defeat. He ruled as Prince of Antioch from 1153 to 1160 and through his second marriage became Lord of Oultrejordain. He was a controversial character in his own lifetime and beyond.
Heraclius or Eraclius (c. 1128-1190/1191), was archbishop of Caesarea and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. Heraclius was from the Gévaudan in Auvergne, France. Like his later rival William of Tyre he studied law at the University of Bologna: his contemporaries and friends included Stephen of Tournai and Gratian. He arrived in the Kingdom of Jerusalem before 1168, where he first appears as magister Heraclius, witnessing patriarchal deeds. He was appointed archdeacon of Jerusalem in 1169.
Hugh de Puiset (c. 1125–3 March 1195) (sometimes Hugh Pudsey) was a medieval bishop of Durham and Chief Justiciar of England under King Richard I. He was the nephew of King Stephen of England and Henry of Blois, who both assisted Hugh's ecclesiastical career. He held the office of treasurer of York for a number of years, which led him into conflict with Henry Murdac, Archbishop of York. In 1153, Hugh was elected bishop of Durham despite the opposition of Murdac.
Rabbeinu Abraham ben David was a Provençal rabbi, a great commentator on the Talmud, Sefer Halachot of rabbi Yitzhak Alfasi and Mishne Torah of Maimonides, and is regarded as a father of Kabbalah and one of the key and important links in the chain of Jewish mystics. He was born in Provence, France, about 1125 CE; died at Posquières, 27 November 1198 CE. He was the son-in-law of Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne Av Beth Din (known as the RABaD II).
Aaron of Lincoln was an English Jewish financier (born at Lincoln, England, about 1125, died 1186). He is first mentioned in the English pipe-roll of 1166 as creditor of King Henry II for sums amounting to £616 12s 8d in nine of the English counties. He conducted his business through agents, and sometimes in conjunction with Isaac, fil Joce; by these methods building up what was practically a great banking association that spread throughout England.
Gilbert de Gant, Earl of Lincoln (c. 1126 – 1156) was an English nobleman who fought for King Stephen during The Anarchy. He was the son of Walter de Gant and Maud of Brittany. An uncle, Robert de Gant, was Lord Chancellor for King Stephen. While still fairly young, Gilbert fought on the side of king Stephen at the Battle of Lincoln in 1142, where he was captured along with the king.
The Chronicle of Fredegar is a chronicle that recounts the events of Frankish Gaul from 584 to around 641. Later authors continued the history to the coronation of Charlemagne and his brother Carloman on 9 October 768. John Michael Wallace-Hadrill notes that this work "occupies a vital position in the history of Frankish Gaul ...