Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca (May 12, 1855 - September 9, 1923) was a Brazilian soldier and politician. The nephew of Deodoro da Fonseca, the first Brazilian President, he was War Minister in 1906. In 1910, he was elected as the 8th president of Brazil, serving until 1914. He was on an official visit to Portugal when the revolution that overthrew the Portuguese monarchy and replaced it with a new republican regime took place.
Cecilia Beaux (May 1, 1855 – September 7, 1942) was an American society portraitist, in the nature of John Singer Sargent. She was a near contemporary of better-known American artist Mary Cassatt and also received her training in Philadelphia and France. Her sympathetic renderings of American ruling class made her one of the most successful portrait painters of her era.
Ettore Ximenes (April 11, 1855, Palermo – December 20, 1926, Rome) was an Italian sculptor of mostly religious and mythological subjects. There are several significant works by Ximenes in the United States. These include: Giovanni da Verrazzano, Battery Park, Manhattan, New York, 1909 Dante Alighieri in Dante Park at Lincoln Center, New York City and Meridian Hill Park, Washington D.C. - castings of the same work, 1921
Paul Ehrlich (14 March 1854 – 20 August 1915) was a German scientist in the fields of hematology, immunology, and chemotherapy, and Nobel laureate. He is noted for curing syphilis and for his research in autoimmunity, calling it "horror autotoxicus". He coined the term chemotherapy and popularized the concept of a magic bullet.
Percival Lawrence Lowell (March 13, 1855–November 12, 1916) was a businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars, founded the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, and formed the beginning of the effort that led to the discovery of Pluto 14 years after his death. The choice of the name Pluto and its symbol were partly influenced by his initials PL.
William Seward Burroughs I (January 28, 1857 – September 14, 1898) was an American inventor, born in Rochester, New York. William Seward Burroughs was a son of a mechanic, and he worked with machines while growing up. While he was still a small boy, his parents moved to Auburn, New York, where he and his brothers were educated in the public schools.
Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American union leader, one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), as well as candidate for President of the United States as a member of the Social Democratic Party in 1900. Later he was a presidential candidate as a member of the Socialist Party of America in 1904, 1908, 1912, and 1920.
William Friese-Greene (September 7, 1855 – May 5, 1921) (born William Edward Green) was a portrait photographer and prolific inventor. He is principally known as a pioneer in the field of motion pictures and is credited by some as the inventor of cinematography.
For the American writer (1886-1972), see Francis Rufus Bellamy. Francis Julius Bellamy born in Mount Morris, NY on (May 18, 1855 – August 28, 1931) was an American Baptist minister and Christian Socialist who wrote the original Pledge of Allegiance in 1892. It was published in the Youth's Companion, which was a nationally circulated magazine for adolescents, and by 1892 was the largest publication of any type in the United States, with a circulation around 500,000.
James Schoolcraft Sherman (October 24, 1855 – October 30, 1912) was a United States Representative from New York and the 27th Vice President of the United States. He was a member of the Baldwin, Hoar, and Sherman families.
Edmund Bernard FitzAlan-Howard, 1st Viscount FitzAlan of Derwent KG, PC (1 June 1855 – 18 May 1947), known as Lord Edmund Talbot between 1876 and 1921, was a British Conservative politician and the last Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.