The First Vatican Council was convoked by Pope Pius IX on 29 June 1868, after a period of planning and preparation that began on 6 December 1864. This twentieth ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, held three centuries after the Council of Trent, opened on 8 December 1869 and adjourned on 20 October 1870.
The American Anti-Slavery Society (1833-1870) was an abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan. Frederick Douglass was a key leader of the society and often spoke at its meetings. William Wells Brown was another freed slave who often spoke at meetings. By 1838, the society had 1,350 local chapters with around 250,000 members. Famous members included Theodore Dwight Weld, Lewis Tappan, James G.
The Nauvoo Legion was a militia originally organized by the Latter Day Saints to protect their city of Nauvoo, Illinois. To curry political favor with the ambiguously-political Saints, the Illinois state legislature granted Nauvoo a liberal city charter that gave the Nauvoo Legion extraordinary independence. Led by Joseph Smith, Jr. , founder of the Latter Day Saint movement and mayor of Nauvoo, the Legion quickly became the most formidable concentration of military power in the American West.
The Dublin Evening Standard was a short-lived Irish newspaper that was published from 10 January to 23 May 1870. In May 1870 the newspaper ceased publication. Its title was incorporated with its main evening rival, the Dublin Evening Mail. Little is known about its ownership. Copies of its editions are available on microfilm in the National Library of Ireland.
The National Anti-Slavery Standard was the official weekly newspaper of the American Anti-Slavery Society, established in 1840 under the editorship of Lydia Maria Child and David Lee Child. The paper published continuously until the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1870.
The Tomahawk: A Saturday Journal of Satire was a weekly satirical magazine published between 1867 and 1870, price 2d. It was edited by Arthur a Beckett and the artist was Matt Morgan. Other contributors included Gilbert Beckett, Frank Marshall, Alfred Thompson (who later founded '), the composer Frederic Clay, and Thomas Gibson Bowles.
The Owl: a Wednesday journal of politics and society was a satirical society newspaper published in London from 1864 to 1870. Irregularly published, but sometimes fortnightly, it cost 6d. , was Tory in politics and consisted of a mix of satire and London society gossip. The Owl was founded by Morning Post editor Algernon Borthwick, together with Evelyn Ashley, Lord Wharncliffe (1827-99) and James Archibald Stuart-Wortley.
The Takasu Domain was a Japanese domain located in Mino Province. For most of its history, it was ruled by the Takasu-Matsudaira, a branch of the Tokugawa clan of Owari. Matsudaira Katamori, Matsudaira Sadaaki, Tokugawa Yoshikatsu, and Tokugawa Mochinaga, four important figures in Bakumatsu-era Japan, were the sons of Matsudaira Yoshitatsu, one of Takasu's last daimyo.
Free energy suppression is a conspiracy theory that claims that advanced technology that would reshape current electrical generation methods is being suppressed by certain special interest groups. These groups are usually related to the oil industry, to whom current energy generation technology is profitable.