Thomas Bowdler (11 July 1754 – 24 February 1825) was an English physician who published an expurgated edition of William Shakespeare's work, edited by his sister Harriet, intended to be more appropriate for 19th century women and children than the original. He similarly published an edited version of Edward Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Vice Admiral William Bligh FRS RN (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. A notorious mutiny occurred during his command of HMS Bounty in 1789; Bligh and his loyal men made a remarkable voyage to Timor, after being set adrift by the mutineers in the Bounty's launch.
Johann Georg Adam Forster (November 27 1754 – January 10 1794) was a German naturalist, ethnologist, travel writer, journalist, and revolutionary. At an early age, he accompanied his father on several scientific expeditions, including James Cook's second voyage to the Pacific. His report from that journey, A Voyage Round the World, contributed significantly to the ethnology of the people of Polynesia and remains a respected work among both scientists and ordinary readers.
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, 1st Sovereign Prince of Beneventum (2 February 1754 – 17 May 1838) was a French diplomat. He worked successfully from the regime of Louis XVI, through the French Revolution and then under Napoleon I, Louis XVIII, Charles X, and Louis-Philippe. Known since the turn of the 19th century simply by the name Talleyrand, he is widely regarded as one of the most versatile and influential diplomats in European history.
Louis XVI of France (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. Suspended and arrested during the Insurrection of 10 August 1792, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793. He was the only king of France to be executed.
Baron Franz Xaver von Zach (Franz Xaver Freiherr von Zach) (June 4, 1754–September 2, 1832) was a German astronomer born at Pest in Hungary. He served for some time in the Austrian army, and afterwards lived in London from 1783 to 1786 as tutor in the house of the Saxon ambassador, Hans Moritz von Brühl. In 1786 he was appointed by Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg director of the new observatory on Seeberg hill at Gotha, which was finished in 1791.
George E. Clymer (1754–1834) from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was an American statesman, mechanic and inventor. In 1813 he invented the Columbian Printing Press. This was an iron, lever-operated replacement for the wooden screw presses based on Gutenberg's design. Clymer began making wooden presses of the Gutenberg model around 1790. He switched to exclusively making the Columbian Press in 1816.
Frederick I was the first King of Württemberg. He was known for his size, 2.11 m (6 ft 11 in) and about 200 kg (31 st 7 lb), which put him in contrast to Napoleon who recognized him as King of Württemberg.
Bone conduction is the conduction of sound to the inner ear through the bones of the skull. Bone conduction is the reason why a person's voice sounds different to him/her when it is recorded and played back. Bone conduction tends to amplify the lower frequencies, and so most people perceive their own voice as being of a lower pitch than others hear it. Some hearing aids employ bone conduction, achieving an effect equivalent to hearing directly by means of the ears.
In the history of astronomy, a Great Year often refers to one complete precession of the equinox but may also refer to any real or imagined cycle with astronomical or astrological significance. The most common Great Year (sometimes confused with the Platonic year) is the time required for one complete cycle of the precession of the equinoxes, presently about 25,765 years.