In 1983 Microsoft announced the development of Windows, a graphical user interface (GUI) for its own operating system, which had shipped for IBM PC and compatible computers since 1981. The product line has changed from a GUI product to a modern operating system over two families of design, each with their own codebase and default file system. The 3. x and 4. x family includes DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98 and Windows ME.
On January 24, 1984, Apple Computer Inc. introduced the Macintosh personal computer, with the Macintosh 128K model, which came bundled with the Mac OS operating system, then known as the System Software. The Macintosh is often credited with popularizing the graphical user interface. The Mac OS has been pre-installed on almost every Macintosh computer ever sold. The operating system is also sold separately at Apple retail stores, and online.
A punch card or punched card (or punchcard or Hollerith card or IBM card), is a piece of stiff paper that contains digital information represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions. Now almost an obsolete recording medium, punched cards were widely used throughout the 19th century for controlling textile looms and in the late 19th and early 20th century for operating fairground organs and related instruments.
Software crisis was a term used in the early days of computing science. The term was used to describe the impact of rapid increases in computer power and the complexity of the problems which could be tackled. In essence, it refers to the difficulty of writing correct, understandable, and verifiable computer programs. The roots of the software crisis are complexity, expectations, and change. The term "software crisis" was coined by [F. L.
TECO (originally an acronym for Tape Editor and COrrector, but later Text Editor and COrrector) is a text editor originally developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the 1960s, after which it was modified by 'just about everybody'. With all the dialects included, TECO may have been the most popular editor in use before the vi editor, and before the Emacs editor, to which TECO was directly ancestral ('Emacs' originally stood for Editing MACroS running on TECO).
Mosaic is the web browser credited with popularizing the World Wide Web. It was also a client for earlier protocols such as FTP, Usenet, and Gopher. Its clean, easily understood user interface, reliability, Windows port and simple installation all contributed to making it the application that opened up the Web to the general public. Mosaic was also the first browser to display images inline with text instead of displaying images in a separate window.
The history of computer operating systems recapitulates to a degree the recent history of computer hardware. Operating systems (OSes) provide a set of functions needed and used by most application-programs on a computer, and the necessary linkages for the control and synchronization of the computer's hardware.
Mac OS X is the newest of Apple Inc. 's Mac OS line of operating systems. Although it is officially designated as simply "version 10" of the Mac OS, "version 9" had a completely different codebase, file system, design, and hardware support. Mac OS had been Apple's primary operating system since 1984, and the family was backward compatible, so Mac OS X supported an emulated version 9 until version 10.5.
The G41 is a German 5.56mm assault rifle introduced in 1981 and produced in limited quantities by Heckler & Koch. It was designed to replace the 5.56mm HK33 in service providing a more modern weapon platform compatible with contemporary NATO standards. It is chambered for the 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge and can use both SS109 and M193 ammunition.
Socket AM2+ is a CPU socket, which is the immediate successor to Socket AM2 that is used by several AMD processors such as Athlon 64 X2. Socket AM2+ is a mid-migration from Socket AM2 to Socket AM3 and both AM2+ and AM2 socket CPUs and motherboards have the potential to operate together.
Katsuko Nishimoto (西本 勝子, born April 1, 1950) is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature). A native of Takaoka District, Kochi and graduate of Dokkyo University she was elected to the village council of Hidaka, Kōchi for the first time in 1995 and to the Diet for the first time in 2005.