Richard Cosway (5 November 1742 – 4 July 1821) was a leading English portrait painter—more accurately a miniaturist—of the Regency era. He was a contemporary of John Smart, George Engleheart, William Wood, and Richard Crosse.
Carl Wilhelm Scheele (9 December 1742 – 21 May 1786) was a Swedish pharmaceutical chemist. Isaac Asimov called him "hard-luck Scheele" because he made a number of chemical discoveries before others who are generally given the credit. For example, Scheele discovered oxygen (although Joseph Priestley published his findings first), and identified molybdenum, tungsten, barium, and chlorine before Humphry Davy.
Arthur Middleton (June 26, 1742 – January 1, 1787), of Charleston, South Carolina, was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. His parents were Henry Middleton and Mary Baker Williams. He was educated in Britain, at Harrow School, Westminster School, and Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He studied law at the Middle Temple and traveled extensively in Europe where his taste in literature, music, and art was developed and refined.
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Fürst von Wahlstatt (December 16, 1742 – September 12, 1819), Graf, later elevated to Fürst (Prince) von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal) who led his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 with the Duke of Wellington. He is honoured with a bust in the German Walhalla temple near Regensburg.
James Wilson (September 14, 1742 – August 21, 1798), one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, was a lawyer born in Carskerdo, Scotland, and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. Wilson was elected twice to the Continental Congress, and was a major force in drafting the United States Constitution. A leading legal theoretician, he was one of the six original justices appointed by George Washington to the Supreme Court of the United States.
Johan Herman Wessel (6 October 1742 – 29 December 1785) was a well known poet in Norwegian and Danish literature (Norway-Denmark being in union at the time). Some of his satirical poems are still popular. The traditional restaurant Wesselstuen in Bergen, Norway contains many of his works as decorations. He was born and raised in Vestby, Akershus, Norway, son of a priest, and was the elder brother of mathematician Caspar Wessel. He was a relative of the naval hero Peder Tordenskjold.
Sampson Salter Blowers (March 10, 1742 – October 25, 1842) was a noted North American lawyer and jurist. He was born in Boston, the son of John Blowers and Sarah Salter, but was raised by his maternal grandfather, Sampson Salter, after the death of his parents. He was educated in Boston and at Harvard College, then went on to study law.
Jean Senebier (May 6, 1742 - July 22, 1809) was a Swiss pastor who wrote many works on vegetable physiology. He was born at Geneva, and is remembered for his contributions to the understanding of the influence of light on vegetation.
Francis Nash (1742 – October 7, 1777) was a brigadier general killed in the American Revolutionary War. Nash was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia. At an early age he became prominent as a North Carolina merchant, attorney, and justice of the peace; experiences which eventually led to a seat in the North Carolina House of Commons. His brother was Abner Nash. During the War of the Regulation (c.
Nathanael Greene (August 7, 1742 – June 19, 1786) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. When the war began, Greene was a militia private, the lowest rank possible; he emerged from the war with a reputation as George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer. Many places in the United States are named for him.
Lu Ying-chi is a female weightlifter from Taiwan. At the 2006 World Weightlifting Championships she ranked 8th in the 63 kg category with a total of 215 kg. She won the bronze medal in the 63 kg category at the 2008 Summer Olympics, with 231 kg in total.