Louis VII, called the Younger or the Young, French: Louis le Jeune (1120 – 18 September 1180), was King of France, the son and successor of Louis VI (hence his nickname). He ruled from 1137 until his death. He was a member of the House of Capet. His reign was dominated by feudal struggles (in particular with the Angevin family), and saw the beginning of the long feud between France and England.
Manuel I Komnenos, or Comnenus was a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turning point in the history of Byzantium and the Mediterranean. Eager to restore his empire to its past glories as the superpower of the Mediterranean world, Manuel pursued an energetic and ambitious foreign policy.
Abraham ibn Daud was a Spanish-Jewish astronomer, historian, and philosopher; born at Toledo, Spain about 1110; died, according to common report, a martyr about 1180. He is sometimes known by the abbreviation Rabad I or Ravad I. His mother belonged to a family famed for its learning.
Bolesław IV the Curly was a Duke of Masovia since 1138 and High Duke of Poland from 1146 until his death. He was the third son of Bolesław III Wrymouth, Duke of Poland by his second wife Salomea, daughter of Henry, Count of Berg. The death of his older brothers, Leszek and Casimir, in August and October 1131, respectively, left him as the eldest son of their parents.
Fujiwara no Yorinaga (藤原頼長; 1120 - August 1, 1156) of the Fujiwara clan held the position of Imperial Palace Minister of the Left. Born in 1120, Yorinaga ascended quickly through the political ranks achieving formidable office by the age of 17. (Naidaijin) in 1150, he was appointed Minister of the Left, the highest rank under the Regent. Yorinaga was one of the last major advocates of restoring the once powerful Fujiwara Regency, which was the ruling political party in Japan from about 794-967.
Ioveta (1120-c. 1170s) was the fourth and youngest daughter of Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Morphia of Melitene. Her name appears in various forms, including Joveta, Jovita, Jowita, Yvette, Iveta, Ivetta, and even Juditta. Ioveta was the only one of Baldwin's daughters born after he became king in 1118. When Baldwin was taken captive by the Ortoqids near Edessa in 1123, Ioveta was one of the hostages given for his release.
Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon (1120 – after 1190) was a translator and physician. Born in Granada, he left Spain in 1150, probably on account persecution by the Almohades, and went to Lunel in southern France. Benjamin of Tudela mentions him as a physician there in 1160. He died around 1190, in Marseille, France. Judah lived on terms of intimacy with Meshullam ben Jacob and with Meshullam's two sons, Asher and Aaron, whom in his will he recommends as friends to his only son, Samuel.
Ibn Maḍāʾ Al-Qurṭubi (1120 – 1196) was a Muslim scholar from Córdoba in Al-Andalus. He served as qadi al-qudāt (head of jurists) under the Mohads. He was also versed in medicine, mathematics and geometry. He, recently, rose to attention as one of the first to launch attack on Arabic grammar theory calling for its reformation. Even though he was concerned with attacking all major schools of Arabic grammar, he was focused on Basri grammar, as it was the most popular school around him.
As obras padrão é o nome dado pelos membros de A Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos Dias para designar os quatro principais livros da sua igreja: a Bíblia Sagrada, o Livro de Mórmon, Doutrina e Convênios e Pérola de Grande Valor.
The Spitak Earthquake (also called Leninakan Earthquake and Gyumri Earthquake) was a tremor with a magnitude of 6.9, that took place on December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time in the Spitak region of Armenia, then part of the Soviet Union. The earthquake killed at least 25,000 people; geologists and earthquake engineering experts laid the blame on the poorly built support structures of apartments and other buildings built during the "stagnation" era of Leonid Brezhnev.
The Church Park Historic District is part of downtown Goshen, the seat of Orange County, New York, USA. It takes its name from the large triangular park formed at the center of the village by Main Street, Park Place and South Church Street. It is defined as bounded by Green Street on the south, Main Street, Webster Avenue, and then back across Main at Erie Street across the Historic Track to Kelsey Lane, South Church Street, South Street and back to Green.