Abram Fedorovich (or Fyodorovich) Ioffe was a prominent Russian/Soviet physicist of Jewish origin born in Romny. He was awarded Stalin Prize in 1942, Lenin Prize in 1960 (posthumously), Hero of Socialist Labor in 1955.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian short-story writer, playwright and physician, considered to be one of the greatest short-story writers in the history of world literature. His career as a dramatist produced four classics and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Chekhov practised as a doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress.
Herman Hollerith (February 29, 1860 – November 17, 1929) was a German-American statistician who developed a mechanical tabulator based on punched cards to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of data. He was the founder of the company that became IBM.
Isaac Albéniz i Pascual (29 May 1860, Camprodon – 18 May 1909, Cambo-les-Bains) was a Spanish Catalan pianist and composer best known for his piano works based on folk music idioms (many of which have been transcribed by others for guitar).
Jens Otto Harry Jespersen or Otto Jespersen (July 16, 1860-April 30, 1943) was a Danish linguist who specialized in the grammar of the English language. He was born in Randers in northern Jutland and attended Copenhagen University, earning degrees in English, French, and Latin. He also studied linguistics at Oxford.
Raphael of Brooklyn (November 20, 1860 – February 27, 1915), also known as Father Raphael, was born as Raphael Hawaweeny in Beirut, Lebanon, of Damascene Syrian parents. He was first educated at the Damascus Patriarchal School that had become the leading Greek Orthodox institution of higher learning in the Middle-East under the leadership of Saint Joseph of Damascus.
William Kennedy Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a French-Anglo-Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employ of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).
Carter Henry Harrison, Jr. (April 23, 1860, Chicago, Illinois - December 25, 1953; buried in Graceland Cemetery) served as Mayor of Chicago (1897-1905 and 1911-1915). The City's 30th mayor, he was the first actually born in Chicago. Like his father, Carter Harrison, Sr. , Carter Harrison, Jr. gained election to five terms as Chicago's mayor. Educated in Saxe-Altenburg, Germany, Harrison returned to Chicago to help his brother run the Chicago Times, which their father bought in 1891.
William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was the Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States in 1896, 1900 and 1908, a lawyer, and the 41st United States Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson. He was noted for a deep, commanding voice.
"Bathhouse" John Coughlin (1860-1938) was an alderman of Chicago's First Ward from 1893 until his death in 1938. Coughlin acquired his nickname as a result of working in a bathhouse as a masseur. Eventually he was able to purchase a tavern and several bathhouses of his own. Coughlin and his partner, fellow First Ward alderman Michael "Hinky Dink" Kenna, were known as the "Lords of the Levee," a district which was part of their ward.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austrian composer and conductor. He was best known during his own lifetime as one of the leading orchestral and operatic conductors of the day. He has since come to be acknowledged as among the most important late-Romantic/early-Modernist composers, although his music was never completely accepted by the musical establishment of Vienna while he was still alive.
Arresø is a lake located at 56°00′00″N 12°04′00″E / 56°N 12.0666667°E / 56; 12.0666667, in Region Hovedstaden just north of Ølsted and east of Frederiksværk in Denmark. At 39.87 km² (15.39 sq mi) Arresø is Denmark's largest lake, based on area. The lake runs into Roskilde Fjord through the Arresø Canal in Frederiksværk. The canal was begun in about 1717 by royal command, and the work was carried out by Danish soldiers and Swedish POW's.
Radio Televizioni Shqiptar (RTSH) translated in English as Albanian Radio and Television (ART) is the public broadcaster in Albania, founded in 1938 and operated from Tirana. RTSH runs two national television stations named Televizioni Shqiptar (TVSH and TVSH 2), and two national radio stations, using the name Radio Tirana. An international service broadcasts radio programmes in Albanian and seven other languages via medium wave (AM) and short wave (SW).