Wybo Fijnje (Zwolle, 24 January 1750 – Amsterdam, 2 October 1809) was a Dutch Mennonite minister, publisher in Delft, Patriot, exile, coup perpetrator, politician and - during the French era - manager of the state newspaper.
Antonio Salieri (18 August 1750 – 7 May 1825) was an Italian composer, conductor and teacher born in the Republic of Venice, but who spent his adult life and career as a faithful subject of the Hapsburg Monarchy. Salieri was a pivotal figure in the development of late 18th century opera. As a student of Florian Leopold Gassmann, and a protege of Gluck, Salieri was a cosmopolitan composer who wrote operas in three languages.
Frederick Augustus I was King of Saxony (1805-1827) from the House of Wettin. He was also Elector Frederick Augustus III (Friedrich August III. ) of Saxony (1763-1806) and Duke Frederick Augustus I of Warsaw (1807-1813). The Augustusplatz in Leipzig is named after him.
Lorenzo Mascheroni (May 13, 1750 – July 14, 1800) was an Italian mathematician. He was born near Bergamo, Lombardy. At first mainly interested in the humanities, he eventually became professor of mathematics at Pavia. In his Geometria del Compasso (Pavia, 1797), he proved that any geometrical construction which can be done with compass and straightedge, can also be done with compasses alone.
Lady Anne Barnard (12 December 1750–6 May 1825), née Anne Lindsay, eldest daughter of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres was born at Balcarres House, Fife, Scotland. She was author of the ballad Auld Robin Gray and an accomplished travel writer, artist and socialite of the period.
Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider (18 January 1750–12 January 1822) was a German classicist and naturalist. Schneider was born at Collm in Saxony. In 1774, on the recommendation of Christian Gottlob Heine, he became secretary to the famous Strasbourg scholar Richard François Brunck, and in 1811 became professor of ancient languages and eloquence at Breslau (chief librarian, 1816) where he died in 1822.
Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg (January 1, 1750 – June 4, 1801) was an American minister and politician who was the first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. A delegate and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and a Lutheran pastor by profession, Muhlenberg was born in Trappe, Pennsylvania. According to an urban legend, Muhlenberg as House Speaker prevented German from becoming an official language of the United States.
Caroline Lucretia Herschel (16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, the sister of astronomer Sir Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel with whom she worked throughout both of their careers. Her most significant contribution to astronomy was the discovery of several comets and in particular the periodic comet 35P/Herschel-Rigollet, which bears her name. She was the fourth of six children.
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (December 12, 1875 - February 24, 1953) was a Generalfeldmarschall of the German Army during World War II. He held some of the highest field commands in all phases of the war. Some under his command nicknamed him "Black Knight," due to his own quiet nature, skills and strategic force. Been stricken from the Wehrmacht 3 times from 39 - to 44 by Hitler - he is the only Generalfeldmarschall to do so. After the Ardenne offensive he was asked by Keitel what to do next.