João Teixeira Soares de Sousa, an Azorean politician and an investigator of Azorean history, anthropology, and ethnography, was born on the island of São Jorge in the municipality of Velas and the parish of Manadas on 12 September 1827, and he died at Ponta Delgada on São Miguel Island on 1 February 1875. In general, he is referred to as Dr. João Teixeira Soares.
Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, 1st Baronet FRS (17 July 1827 – 6 September 1902) was an English chemist. (The Chambers Biographical Dictionary gives his year of birth as 1826. ) Born in London, Abel studied chemistry for six years under A. W. von Hofmann at the Royal College of Chemistry, then became professor of chemistry at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich in 1851, and three years later was appointed chemist to the War Department and chemical referee to the government.
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, OM, FRS, PC (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912) was an English surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery, who promoted the idea of sterile surgery while working at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary. Lister successfully introduced carbolic acid to sterilise surgical instruments and to clean wounds, which led to reduced post-operative infections and made surgery safer for patients.
Lieutenant-General Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt Rivers (14 April 1827 – 4 May 1900) was an English army officer, ethnologist, and archaeologist. He was noted for his innovations in archaeological methods, and in the museum display of archaeological and ethnological collections. Born Augustus Henry Lane Fox at Bramham cum Oglethorpe, Wetherby, Yorkshire on 14 April 1827, he was the son of William Lane Fox and Lady Caroline Douglas, a sister of George Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton.
John Hanning Speke (4 May 1827 – 15 September 1864) was an officer in the British Indian army who made three exploratory expeditions to Africa and who is most associated with the search for the source of the Nile.
Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel Bleek (March 8, 1827 – August 17, 1875) was a German linguist. His work included A Comparative Grammar of South African Languages and his great project jointly executed with Lucy Lloyd: The Bleek and Lloyd Archive of ǀXam and !kun texts.
For Captain Valentine Baker, of Martin-Baker Aircraft, see Valentine Baker (pilot). Valentine Baker (also known as Baker Pasha) (1827—1887), British soldier, was a younger brother of Sir Samuel Baker. He was educated in Gloucester and in Ceylon, and in 1848 entered the Ceylon Rifles as an ensign. Soon transferred to the 12th Lancers, he saw active service with that regiment in the 8th Cape Frontier War of 1852—1853.
Sir Sandford Fleming (January 7, 1827 – July 22, 1915) was a Scottish-born Canadian engineer and inventor, known for proposing worldwide standard time zones, Canada's postage stamp, a huge body of surveying and map making, engineering much of the Intercolonial Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway, and being a founding member of the Royal Society of Canada and founder of the Royal Canadian Institute, a science organization in Toronto.
French Polynesia [ˈfrɛntʃ pɒlɨˈniːʒə] is a French overseas collectivity in the southern Pacific Ocean. It is made up of several groups of Polynesian islands, the most famous island being Tahiti in the Society Islands group, which is also the most populous island and the seat of the capital of the territory. Although not an integral part of its territory, Clipperton Island was administered from French Polynesia until 2007.
William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was the ninth President of the United States, an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office. The oldest president elected until Ronald Reagan in 1980, and last President to be born before the United States Declaration of Independence, Harrison died on his thirty-second day in office of complications from a cold – the shortest tenure in United States presidential history.
David Knowles was an English Benedictine monk of Downside Abbey and historian. He became Regius Professor of Modern History at the University of Cambridge in 1954, retiring in 1963. His works on monasticism in England, through to the dissolution of the monasteries, are taken as authoritative.