Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann (January 24, 1776 – June 25, 1822), better known by his pen name E.T.A. Hoffmann (Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann), was a German Romantic author of fantasy and horror, a jurist, composer, music critic, draftsman and caricaturist. He is the subject and hero of Jacques Offenbach's famous but fictional opera The Tales of Hoffmann, and the author of the novelette The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, on which the famous ballet The Nutcracker is based.
Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro di Quaregna e di Cerreto, Count of Quaregna and Cerreto (9 August 1776 – 9 July 1856) was an Italian savant. He is most noted for his contributions to molecular theory, including what is known as Avogadro's law. In tribute to him, the number of elementary entities in 1 mole of a substance, 6.02214179(30)×10, is known as the Avogadro constant.
John Constable (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English Romantic painter. Born in Suffolk, he is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his home—now known as "Constable Country"—which he invested with an intensity of affection. "I should paint my own places best", he wrote to his friend John Fisher in 1821, "painting is but another word for feeling". His most famous paintings include Dedham Vale of 1802 and The Hay Wain of 1821.
Jean-Pierre Boyer (possibly February 15, 1776 – July 9, 1850), a native of Saint-Domingue, was a soldier, one of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, and President of Haiti from 1818 to 1843. He reunited the north and south of Haiti in 1820 and also invaded and took control of independent Santo Domingo, which brought all of Hispaniola under one government by 1822. Boyer managed to rule for the longest period of time of any of the revolutionary leaders of his generation.
Johann Friedrich Herbart (May 4, 1776 – August 11, 1841) was a German philosopher, psychologist, and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline. Herbart is now remembered amongst the post-Kantian philosophers mostly as making the greatest contrast to Hegel; this in particular in relation to aesthetics. That does not take into account his thought on education.
Johann Joseph von Görres (25 January 1776 – 29 January 1848) was a German writer. He was born at Koblenz. His father was moderately well off, and sent his son to a Latin college under the direction of the Roman Catholic clergy. The young Görres' sympathies were initially with the French Revolution, and the conduct of the French exiles in the Rhineland confirmed those beliefs, which would evolve over time.
Richard Mant (February 12, 1776 - 1848) was an English churchman and writer. He was born at Southampton and educated at Winchester College and at Trinity College, Oxford. He was elected fellow of Oriel in 1798, and afterwards took orders, holding a curacy at Southampton in 1802. In 1808 he published The Simpliciad, this satirical poem was addressed in verse to William Wordsworth, Robert Southey and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, with notes relating to his parodies and allusions to the originals.
Japanese Wikipedia is the Japanese-language edition of Wikipedia, a free, open-content encyclopedia. As of 8 July 2009 (2009 -07-08), it had over 600,000 articles, making it the fifth largest language edition of Wikipedia after the English, German, French and Polish editions. Started in September 2002, the edition attained the 200,000 article mark in April 2006 and the 500,000 article mark in June 2008.
The Pondo or Phondo are a South African ethnic group who have given their name to Pondoland, the country comprising much of the seaboard of the SE part of Cape Province. The Pondo are divided into several tribal groups and speak the Xhosa language. Their territory was annexed peacefully to Cape Province in 1884: missionary work had already begun in 1873 on the initiative of Henry Callaway, Bishop of St John's Kaffraria.