"Hunger circus" was a colloquial name for any in a series of identical buildings which were to be completed as part of Nicolae Ceauşescu's program of systematization during his period as ruler of Romania. Officially designated by the communist regime as "agro-alimentary complexes", the large domed buildings were intended as produce markets and public refectories.
Prince Frederick Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke in Saxony (26 December 1737 – 26 February 1815) was a famous general of the Habsburg Emperors. Born at Schloß Ehrenburg in Coburg, he was the youngest son of Duke Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Anna Sophie, Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. Josias joined the Habsburg military as Colonel in 1759, participated in the Seven Years' War, and rose to the rank of Lieutenant Field Marshal by 1773.
The Treaty of Bucharest was concluded on 10 August 1913, by the delegates of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece. As Bulgaria had been completely isolated in the Second Balkan War (June–July 1913), and as it was closely invested on its northern boundary by Romania and on its western frontier by the allied armies of Greece and Serbia, and in the East by the Ottoman Army, it was obliged to submit to terms imposed by the victorious states.
The Romanian Revolution of 1989 was a week-long series of increasingly violent riots and fighting in late December 1989 that overthrew the government of Nicolae Ceauşescu. After a trial, Ceauşescu and his wife Elena were executed. Romania was the only Eastern Bloc country to overthrow its government forcefully or to execute its leaders.
A Mineriad is the term used to name any of the successive violent interventions of miners in Bucharest. These interventions were generally seen as aimed at wrestling policy changes or simply material advantages from the current political power. The term is mostly used to refer to the most violent mineriad, which happened on the 13 June, 14 June and 15 June 1990.
The Golaniad was a protest in Romania in the University Square, Bucharest. It was initiated by students and professors at the University of Bucharest. The Golaniad started in April 1990, before the election of 20 May 1990, which was the first election after the Romanian Revolution of 1989. Their main demand was that former members of the Communist Party (4 million adults out of a total population of 22 million) should be banned from standing in elections.
The Treaty of Bucharest was a peace treaty which the German Empire forced Romania to sign on 7 May 1918 following the Romanian campaign of 1916-1917. Among its terms: Romania had to return Southern Dobruja and to cede the southern part of Northern Dobruja (see the map) to Bulgaria, while the rest of the province remained under the joint control of the Central Powers. Romania had to give Austria-Hungary control of the passes of the Carpathian Mountains.
The Treaty of Bucharest between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, was signed on May 28, 1812 in Bucharest at the end of the Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812. Under its terms, the Prut River became the border between the two empires, thus leaving Bessarabia under Russian rule. Also, Russia obtained trading rights on the Danube. A truce was signed with the rebelling Serbs and autonomy given to Serbia.
The Vilna Troupe also known as Fareyn Fun Yiddishe Dramatishe Artistn (FADO, Federation of Yiddish Dramatic Actors) and later Dramă şi Comedie ("Drama and Comedy") was an international and mostly Yiddish-speaking theatrical company, one of the most famous in the history of Yiddish theater. It was formed in and named after Vilnius (Vilna), a city which was then part of the Russian Empire and is now the capital of Lithuania.
Sibutramine, usually available as sibutramine hydrochloride monohydrate, is an orally administered agent for the treatment of obesity, as an appetite suppressant. Serious concerns are being expressed about its safety and has been suspended from use in the UK and EU. It is also under review by the FDA and the European Medicines Agency. It is a centrally-acting serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor structurally related to amphetamines, although its mechanism of action is distinct.
Vinjeronden is one of the ten mountain in Rondane over 2,000 metres. It lies on the border of the three municipalites Dovre, Folldal and Sel, and in the counties Oppland and Hedmark. The mountain is easily accessed by hiking from the cabin Rondvassbu, on the way from Rondvassbu to Rondeslottet, the highest mountain in Rondane.
SS Kristianiafjord was the first ship in the fleet of the Norwegian America Line, built by Cammell Laird in Birkenhead, UK. The name refers to the fjord leading in to the Norwegian capital Oslo, at the time called Kristiania. Launched from its shipyard on 23 November, 1912, it was put into service in 1913, the same year as its sister ship, SS Bergensfjord.
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