Mondino de Luzzi or de Liuzzi (ca. 1270-1326), also known as Mundinus, was an Italian physician, anatomist, and professor of surgery who lived and worked in Bologna. He is often credited as the “restorer of anatomy” because he made seminal contributions to the field by reintroducing the practice of public dissection of human cadavers and writing the first modern anatomical text.
Gediminas (ca. 1275 – winter 1341) was the ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1316–1341. He is credited with founding this political entity and expanding its territory. As part of his legacy he obtained a reputation of being an inveterate pagan who fiercely resisted all attempts to Christianize his country, although the matter has been debated from different perspectives.
Bartholomew Badlesmere (1275 – 14 April 1322), English nobleman, was the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere (died 1301), and fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England.
Henry VII was the King of Germany from 1308 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1312. He was the first emperor of the House of Luxembourg. During his brief career he reinvigorated the imperial cause in Italy and inspired the praise of Dino Compagni and Dante Alighieri.
John II van Brabant (September 27, 1275 – October 27, 1312, Tervuren), also called John the Peaceful, was Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg (1294–1312). He was the son of John I of Brabant and Margaretha of Flanders, daughter of Guy of Dampierre. On July 8, 1290, John married Margaret Plantagenet in Westminster Abbey, London. She was a daughter of King Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile.
Marsilius of Padua (Italian Marsilio or Marsiglio da Padova; c. 1275 – c. 1342) was an Italian scholar who was deeply involved in the politics of his time. In fact his political treatise Defensor pacis is seen by some as the most revolutionary political treatise written in the later Middle Ages. Born at Padua, Marsilius began studying medicine in Italy. He practiced various professions including that of a soldier, and went to the University of Paris in 1311.
Sant Jñāneshwar / Sant Dnyāneshwar (1275-1296), also known as Jñanadeva - ज्ञानदेव, was a 13th century Maharashtran saint, poet, philosopher and yogi of the Nath tradition whose works Bhavartha deepika teeka (a commentary on Bhagavad Gita, popularly known as "Dnyaneshwari"), and Amrutanubhav are considered to be milestones in Marathi literature.
Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (c. 1275 – 23 June 1324) was a French-English nobleman. Though primarily active in England, he also had strong connections with the French royal house. One of the wealthiest and most powerful men of his age, he was a central player in the conflicts between Edward II of England and his nobility, particularly Earl Thomas of Lancaster. Pembroke was one of the Lords Ordainers appointed to restrict the power of Edward II and his favourite Piers Gaveston.
Robert Manning or Robert de Brunne (c.1275 - c.1338), a Gilbertine monk, provides a surprising amount of information about himself in his two known works, Handlyng Synne and a Chronicle. In these two works, Mannyng tells of his residencies at the Gilbertine houses of Sempringham (near Bourne) and Sixhills, and also at the Gilbertine priory at Cambridge, St. Edmund’s.
Sir John de Menteith (c. 1275 - c. 1323) was a Scottish nobleman. He was born to Mary, Countess of Menteith and her husband Walter "Bailloch" Stewart, Earl of Menteith jure uxoris. He and his older brother, Alexander, Earl of Menteith, replaced their paternal Stewart surname in favour of Menteith, which earned him the nickname Fause (False) Menteith.
Manuel Philes (c. 1275 - 1345), of Ephesus, Byzantine poet. At an early age he removed to Constantinople, where he was the pupil of Georgius Pachymeres, in whose honour he composed a memorial poem. Philes appears to have travelled extensively, and his writings contain much information concerning the imperial court and distinguished Byzantines.
The MOPy fish is a freeware, released in October 1997 for Microsoft Windows by Global Beach. It had been downloaded more than 10 million times as of the year 2000. Based on the Blood parrot cichlid fish, the MOPy fish has a complex behavior pattern.
CT2 is a cordless telephony standard that was used in the early nineties to provide short-range proto-mobile phone service in some countries in Europe. It is considered the precursor to the popular DECT system. CT2 is frequently referred to by the marketing name "Telepoint."