Mild ale is a low-gravity beer with a predominantly malty palate that originated in Britain in the 1600s or earlier. Modern mild ales are mainly dark coloured with an abv of 3% to 3.6%, though there are lighter hued examples, as well as stronger examples reaching 6% abv and higher. The term mild originally meant young beer or ale as opposed to "stale" aged beer or ale with its resulting "tang". In more recent times it has been interpreted as denoting "mildly hopped".
Porter is a dark-coloured style of beer. The history and development of stout and porter are intertwined. The name was first used in the 18th century from its popularity with the street and river porters of London. It is generally brewed with dark malts. The name "stout" for a dark beer came about because a strong porter may be called "Extra Porter" or "Double Porter" or "Stout Porter". The term "Stout Porter" would later be shortened to just "Stout".
Scottish & Newcastle plc was a "long alcoholic drinks" (LADs) company with positions in 15 countries, including UK, France and Russia. It was headquartered in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. In the last 20 years, S&N expanded significantly from its home base to become an international business with beer volumes growing almost tenfold.
Bitter is a English term for pale ale. It varies in strength from Boys Bitters under 3% abv to 7% abv strong bitters and in appearance from dark amber to golden ales. By 1830, the expressions bitter and pale ale were synonymous in England where breweries would tend to designate beers as pale ale, though customers in the pub would commonly refer to the same beers as bitter.
The Champion Winter Beer Of Britain (also known as WiBOB) is an award presented by the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA), at their annual National Winter Ales Festival in January. The award is similar to the Champion Beer Of Britain (or CBOB) which is presented in August. Until the winter of 1996 these were presented as part of the main Champion Beer Of Britain awards, but were moved to the National Winter Ales Festival from its creation in 1997.
Regional brewery is a term used in the United Kingdom to describe a long-established brewery that supplied beer to tied pubs in a fixed geographical location such as South Wales, the Midlands or the Isle of Man. These breweries were generally founded before 1900, though one, Holdens Brewery, was founded in 1920. Some date back to the early age of rail, Frederic Robinson in Stockport being a good example.
Charrington United Breweries Ltd was an English brewery company founded in 1738 which merged with Bass in 1967. The Brewery operated at the Anchor Brewery, Mile End and started in 1738 as Wastfield & Moss, becoming Charrington & Moss in 1766. In 1872 the company established a presence at Burton on Trent, buying the Lewis Meakin brewery there and brewing at the Abbey Brewery until 1926 when it was sold.