John Dryden (9 August 1631 – 12 May 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles as the Age of Dryden.
Richard Lower (1631 – 17 January 1691) was a British physician who played an important part in the development of medical science. He is most remembered for his works on transfusion and the function of the cardiopulmonary system. Lower was born in St Tudy, Cornwall and studied at Westminster School where he met John Locke, and Oxford, where he met Thomas Willis, founder of the Royal Society. He followed Willis to London, where he carried out research, some in partnership with Robert Hooke.
Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds (20 February 1631 – 26 July 1712), English statesman, commonly known also by his earlier titles of Earl of Danby and Marquess of Carmarthen, served in a variety of offices under Kings Charles II and William III of England.
Mary, Princess Royal, Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau (4 November 1631 – 24 December 1660) was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland and his queen, Henrietta Maria. She was the wife of William II, Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau (27 May 1626 – 6 November 1650) and the mother of King William III of England and Ireland, II of Scotland (14 November 1650 – 8 May 1702).
John Phillips (1631–1706) was an English author, the brother of Edward Phillips, and a nephew of John Milton. Anne Phillips, mother of John and Edward, was the sister of John Milton, the poet. In 1652, John Phillips published a Latin reply to the anonymous attack on Milton entitled Pro Rege et populo anglicano.
Richard Cumberland (July 15, 1631 – October 9, 1718) was an English philosopher, and bishop of Peterborough from 1691. In 1672, he published his major work, De legibus naturae (On natural laws), propounding utilitarianism and opposing the egoistic ethics of Thomas Hobbes.
Michael Wigglesworth was a Puritan minister and poet whose The Day of Doom was a bestseller in early New England. He was the son of Edward Wigglesworth (born 1603 in Scotton, Lincolnshire) and Ester Middlebrook of Wrawby, who married in October 27th 1629 in Wrawby. The family moved to New England in 1638. They originally lived in Charlestown, Massachusetts, then soon moved to New Haven, Connecticut.
François Vatel (1631 – April 24, 1671) was a "Maître d'hôtel", famous for "inventing" Chantilly cream, a sweet, vanilla-flavoured whipped cream, for an extravagant banquet for 2,000 people hosted in honour of Louis XIV by Louis, the great Condé in April 1671 at the Château de Chantilly; hence the name crème Chantilly.
Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway (14 December 1631 – 18 February 1679) was an English philosopher whose work, in the tradition of the Cambridge Platonists, was an influence on Leibniz. She was born to Sir Heneage Finch (who had held the posts of the Recorder of London and Speaker of the House of Commons under Charles I) and his second wife, Elizabeth (daughter of William Cradock of Staffordshire). Her father died the week before her birth.
Grozny is the capital city of the Chechen Republic in Russia. The city lies on the Sunzha River. According to the 2002 All-Russia population census, the city had a population of 210,720 people (a little more than half of the population a decade before) and in 2008 the city had a population of 230,100 people.
' The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is a department directly under the Prime Minister of India with headquartered in Mumbai. The department is responsible for nuclear technology, including nuclear power and research.
Fr Emmanuel (known as Manuel or Manwel) Magri, S.J. (27 February 1851 in Valletta - 29 March 1907 in Sfax) 1907) was a Maltese ethnographer, archaeologist and writer. Magri gave a significant contribution as a scholar through his collection of Maltese folk tales and lore. Working at the end of the 19th and the turn of the 20th centuries, Magri's important work saved for posterity ethnographic material which would have otherwise been lost through modernisation and more widespread education.