Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori (3 May 1535 - 22 September 1607) was an Italian portrait painter of the late Mannerist Florentine school. Born in Florence, in 1540, after the death of his father, he was brought up and trained in art by a close friend, often referred to as his 'uncle', the mannerist painter Agnolo Bronzino, whose name he sometimes assumed in his pictures.
Alessandro Scarlatti (2 May 1660 – 24 October 1725) was an Italian Baroque composer especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. He is considered the founder of the Neapolitan school of opera. He was the father of two other composers, Domenico Scarlatti and Pietro Filippo Scarlatti.
Francesco Andreini (c. 1548 - 1624) was an Italian actor. Andreini was born at Pistoia. He was a member of the company of i Gelosi which Henry IV of France summoned to Paris to his bride, the young queen Marie de Medici, thus introducing the commedia dell'arte style to France. Both his wife, Isabella Andreini, and their son, Giambattista Andreini, were also distinguished in the arts.
Paolo Agostino (or Agostini; Augustinus in Latin; c. 1583 – 1629) was an Italian composer and organist of the early Baroque era. He was born at Vallerano, near Viterbo. He studied under Giovanni Bernardino Nanino, according to the dedication in the third and fourth books of his masses. Subsequently, he married Nanini's daughter.
Francesco Cavalli (14 February 1602 – 14 January 1676) was an Italian composer of the early Baroque period. His real name was Pietro Francesco Caletti-Bruni, but he is better known by that of Cavalli, the name of his patron, a Venetian nobleman.
Luigi Rossi (ca. 1597 – 20 February 1653) was an Italian Baroque composer. Rossi was born in Torremaggiore, a small town near Foggia, in the ancient kingdom of Naples and at an early age he went to Naples. There he studied music with the Franco-Flemish composer Jean de Macque who was organist of the Santa Casa dell’Annunziata and maestro di cappella to the Spanish viceroy. Rossi later entered the service of the Caetani, dukes of Traetta.
Bernardino Baldi (5 June 1533 - 12 October 1617), was an Italian mathematician and writer. Baldi descended from a noble family from Urbino, Marche, where he was born. He pursued his studies at Padua, and is said to have spoken about sixteen languages during his lifetime, though according to Tiraboschi the inscription on his tomb limits the number to twelve. The appearance of the plague at Padua forced him to return to his native city.
Mary of Modena (Maria Beatrice Eleonora Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este; 05 October 1658 – 7 May 1718) was Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of King James II and VII. A staunch Catholic, Mary was married, in 1673, to James, Duke of York, the younger brother and heir of England's incument King, Charles II.
Hieronymus Fabricius or Girolamo Fabrizio or by his latin name Fabricus ab Aquapendende (Acquapendente, 1537 - 1619) was a pioneering anatomist known in Italian medical science as "The Father of Embryology. " Born in Acquapendente, Fabricius studied at Padua, receiving an MD in 1559 under the guidance of Gabriel Fallopio. He was professor of anatomy and surgery at Padua from 1562. His students included William Harvey and Adriaan van den Spieghel.
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici (11 August 1667 – 18 February 1743) was the last scion of the House of Medici. A patron of the arts, she bequeathed the Medici's large art collection, including the contents of the Uffizi, Palazzo Pitti and the Medicean villas, which she inherited upon her brother Gian Gastone’s death in 1737, and her Palatine treasures to the Tuscan state, on the condition that no part of it could be removed from "the Capital of the grand ducal [sic] State....
Gian Gastone de' Medici (24 May 1671 – 9 July 1737) was the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was the second son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans, Princess of France. His sister, the Electress Palatine, married him to Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg, a wealthy widow, in 1697. Gian Gastone despised her; and she, him. The union produced no offspring.
Girard Desargues (February 21?, baptized March 2, 1591–October 1661) was a French mathematician and engineer, who is considered one of the founders of projective geometry. Desargues' theorem and of the crater Desargues on the Moon are named in his honour. Born in Lyon, Desargues came from a family devoted to service to the French crown.
Cristiano Farinelli (17th century) was an Italian composer and violinist. Cristiano Farinelli was a friend of the composer Arcangelo Corelli and is said to have been the uncle of the castrato, Farinelli. Yet, this can prove to be false, because the singer Farinelli took his name from his patron; his real last name being Broschi.
Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (Pisa January 28, 1608 - December 31, 1679) was a Renaissance Italian physiologist, physicist and mathematician. He contributed to the modern principle of scientific investigation by continuing Galileo's custom of testing hypotheses against observation. Trained in mathematics, Borelli also made extensive studies of Jupiter's moons and, in microscopy, of the constituents of blood.
Giuseppe Torelli (April 22, 1658 – February 8, 1709) was an Italian violist, violinist, teacher, and composer. Torelli is most remembered for his contributions to the development of the instrumental concerto (Newman 1972, p. 142), especially concerti grossi and the solo concerto, for strings and continuo, as well as being the most prolific Baroque composer for trumpets (Tarr 1974). Torelli was born in Verona.
Giacomo Antonio Perti (6 June 1661 – 10 April 1756) was an Italian composer of the Baroque era. He was mainly active at Bologna, where he was Maestro di Cappella for sixty years. He was the teacher of Giuseppe Torelli and Giovanni Battista Martini.
Francesco Maria Grimaldi, born April 2, 1618 in Bologna and dead on December 28, 1663 in Bologna, was an Italian Jesuit priest, mathematician and physicist who taught at the Jesuit college in Bologna. Between 1640 and 1650, working with Riccioli, he investigated the free fall of objects, confirming that the distance of fall was proportional to the square of the time taken.
Cardinal Scipione Borghese (1576 – 2 October 1633) was an Italian Renaissance prelate, art collector, patron of the artist Caravaggio, and member of the noble Borghese family. His lasting legacy is the establishment of the art collection at the Villa Borghese in Rome.
Pietro Antonio Cataldi (April 15, 1548 - February 11, 1626) was an Italian mathematician. A citizen of Bologna, he taught mathematics and astronomy and also worked on military problems. His work included the development of continued fractions and a method for their representation. He was one of many mathematicians who attempted to prove Euclid's fifth postulate. Cataldi discovered the sixth and seventh Mersenne primes by 1588.