Mary Magdalene or Mary of Magdala (original Greek Μαρία η Μαγδαληνή) is described, both in the canonical New Testament and in the New Testament apocrypha, as one of the most important women in the movement of Jesus. According to Luke 8:2 and Mark 16:9, Jesus cleansed her of seven demons. Mary was a devoted follower of Jesus, entering into the close circle of those taught by Jesus during his Galilean ministry.
Saint Andrew, called in the Orthodox tradition Protokletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the brother of Peter the Apostle. The name "Andrew", like other Greek names, appears to have been common among the Jews from the second or third century BC. No Hebrew or Aramaic name is recorded for him. The New Testament records that Andrew was the brother of Simon Peter, by which it is inferred that he was likewise a son of Jonah, or John. He was born in Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee.
Thomas the Apostle, also called Doubting Thomas or Didymus, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is best known for disbelieving Jesus' resurrection when first told of it, then proclaiming "My Lord and my God" on seeing Jesus in John 20:28. He was perhaps the only Apostle who went outside the Roman Empire to preach the Gospel. He is also believed to have crossed the largest area, which includes the Persian Empire and the Indian subcontinent.
Saint Veronica or Berenice, according to the "Acta Sanctorum" published by the Bollandists (under February 4), was a pious woman of Jerusalem who, moved with pity as Jesus carried his cross to Golgotha, gave him her veil that he might wipe his forehead. Jesus accepted the offering and after using it handed it back to her, the image of his face miraculously impressed upon it. The name "Veronica" itself is a Latinisation of Berenice, a Macedonian name, meaning "bearer of victory" .
Pope Saint Anacletus (very rarely written as Anencletus), probably identical with Pope Cletus, was the third Roman Pope. The February 14, 1961 Instruction of the Congregation for Rites on the application to local calendars of Pope John XXIII's motu proprio Rubricarum instructum of July 25, 1960 decreed that "the feast of 'Saint Anacletus', on whatever ground and in whatever grade it is celebrated, is transferred to April 26, under its right name, 'Saint Cletus'.
Judas Iscariot, Hebrew: יהודה איש־קריות "Yehuda" Yəhûḏāh ʾÎš-qəriyyôṯ was, according to the New Testament, one of the twelve original apostles of Jesus. Among the twelve, he was apparently designated to keep account of the "money bag" (Grk. γλωσσόκομον), but he is best known for his role in betraying Jesus into the hands of Roman authorities.
Mary, usually referred to by Christians as the Virgin Mary or Saint Mary and occasionally Madonna, was a Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee, identified in the New Testament as the mother of Jesus Christ. Muslims also refer to her as the Virgin Mary or Syeda Mariam, which means Our Lady Mary. The New Testament describes her as a virgin (Greek παρθένος, parthénos). Christians believe that she conceived her son miraculously by the agency of the Holy Spirit.
Antonia Major (b. August/September 39 BC), also known as Antonia the Elder, was a daughter to Mark Antony and Octavia Minor and a relative of the first Roman Emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. She was a niece of the Emperor Augustus, sister-in-law of the Emperor Tiberius, paternal great-aunt of the Emperor Caligula, maternal aunt and grandmother-in law of the Emperor Claudius, and paternal grandmother of the Emperor Nero.
Pontius Pilate was the Equestrian procurator of the Roman province of Judaea from AD 26–36. Typically referenced as the fifth Procurator of Judea, he is best known as the judge at Jesus' trial and the man who authorized his crucifixion. Pilate appears in all four canonical Christian Gospels. Mark, depicting Jesus as innocent of plotting against Rome, portrays Pilate as extremely reluctant to execute Jesus, blaming the Jewish priestly hierarchy for his death.
Longinus is the name given in medieval and some modern Christian traditions to the Roman soldier who pierced Jesus in his side with a lance while he was on the Cross. The figure is unnamed in Gospels. The Longinus legend further identifies this soldier as the centurion present at the Crucifixion, who testified, "In truth this man was son of God.
Quintus Naevius Cordus Sutorius Macro (21 BC - 38 AD) was a prefect of the Praetorian Guard, from 31 until 38, serving under the Roman Emperors Tiberius and Caligula. Upon falling out of favour, he committed suicide.
Salome, the Daughter of Herodias (c AD 14 - between 62 and 71), is known from the New Testament. Another source from Antiquity, Flavius Josephus's Jewish Antiquities, gives her name and some detail about her family relations. Name in Hebrew reads שלומית (Shlomit) and is derived from Shalom שלום, meaning "peace".
Gaius Valerius Flaccus (died ca AD 90) was a Roman poet who flourished in the "Silver Age" under the emperors Vespasian and Titus and wrote a Latin Argonautica that owes a great deal to Apollonius of Rhodes' more famous epic. He has been identified on insufficient grounds with a poet friend of Martial (1.61.76), a native of Padua, and in needy circumstances; but as he was a member of the College of Fifteen, who had charge of the Sibylline books (1.5), he must have been well off.
Terentius Maximus was a Roman also known as the Pseudo-Nero who rebelled during the reign of Titus, but was suppressed. He resembled Nero in appearance and in action, as he was known to perform singing with the accompaniment of the lyre. He gained his first followers in Asia, and gained many more during his march to the Euphrates. He later fled to Parthia and tried to gain their support by claiming that they owed him (claiming as Nero) some requital for the return of Armenia.
Herod Antipas (short for Antipatros) (before 20 BC – after 39 AD) was a first century AD ruler of Galilee and Perea, who bore the title of tetrarch ("ruler of a quarter"). He is best known today for accounts in the New Testament of his role in events that led to the executions of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth, and through their portrayal in modern media, such as film.
Prasutagus was king of a British Celtic tribe called the Iceni, who inhabited roughly what is now Norfolk, in the 1st century AD. He is best known as the husband of Boudica. Prasutagus may have been one of the eleven kings who surrendered to Claudius following the Roman conquest in 43, or he may have been installed as king following the defeat of a rebellion of the Iceni in 47.
Priscilla and Aquila were a first century Christian missionary couple described in the New Testament. They became the honored and much-loved friends and ministry partners with the Apostle Paul. He was generous in his recognition and acknowledgment of his indebtedness for them. They have been called the most famous couple in the Bible since they are mentioned seven times and are always named as a couple. Of those seven times, five times Priscilla's name is mentioned first.
Saint Elisabeth redirects here. For other saints of this name, see Elizabeth (given name). Saint Elizabeth, also spelled Elisabeth or Elisheva (Greek Ἐλισάβετ, from the Hebrew אֱלִישֶׁבַע / אֱלִישָׁבַע "My God is an oath"; Standard Hebrew Elišévaʿ ~ Elišávaʿ, Tiberian Hebrew ʾĔlîšéḇaʿ ~ ʾĔlîšāḇaʿ) was the mother of St. John the Baptist and the wife of St. Zachary/Zacharias, according to the Gospel of Luke and the Quran.
Fenestella, (52 BC? - AD 19?), Roman historian and encyclopaedic writer, flourished in the reign of Tiberius. If the notice in Jerome is correct, he lived from 52 BC to AD 19 (according to others 35 BC - AD 36).