Enver Halil Hoxha (16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was the Communist leader of Albania from the end of World War II until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania. He served as Prime Minister of Albania from 1944 to 1954, Minister of Defense (1944–1953) and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1946 to 1953. Hoxha's leadership was characterized by isolation from the mid 1970s onwards and his proclaimed firm adherence to anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninism.
Hồ Chí Minh, born Nguyễn Sinh Cung and also known as Nguyễn Ái Quốc (19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969) was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary and statesman who was prime minister (1946–1955) and president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). Hồ led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-governed Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu.
Musa Cälil (February 15, 1906 – August 25, 1944) was a Soviet Tatar poet and resistance fighter. He is the only poet of the Soviet Union who was simultaneously awarded two of the highest government decorations: Hero of the Soviet Union for personal courage and meritorious performance of duty, and the Lenin Prize for his cycle The Moabit Notebooks (both awarded posthumously).
Tan Kah Kee (October 21, 1874 - August 12, 1961) was a prominent businessman, community leader, and philanthropist in colonial Singapore, and eventually a respectable Communist leader in the People's Republic of China.
Luis Taruc (June 21, 1913 - May 4, 2005) was a Philippine political figure and communist revolutionary. He was the leader of the Hukbalahap rebel group between 1942 and 1954. His involvement with the movement came after his initiation on the problems of agrarian Filipinos when he was a student in the early 1930s.
Vladimir Nazor (born May 30, 1876 in Postira, Brač – died June 19, 1949 in Zagreb) was the first head of state of the modern Croatia. A member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, he led the Croatian World War II wartime assembly, the ZAVNOH, and later served as President of the President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly of the People's Republic of Croatia (head of state). Today he is most remembered, however, as a well-known Croatian poet, writer, translator, and humanist.
Jan Kubiš (24 June, 1913 – 18 June, 1942) was a Czech soldier, one of a team of Czechoslovak British-trained agents sent to assassinate one of the most important Nazis, Reinhard Heydrich, in 1942 as part of Operation Anthropoid.
Chin Peng, former OBE (born 1924), was born Ong Boon Hua in Sitiawan, and was a long-time leader of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP). A determined anticolonialist, he was notorious for leading the party's guerrilla insurgency in the Malayan Emergency and beyond.
Konstantin "Koča" Popović (Константин Коча Поповић) (14 March 1908 - 20 October 1992) was a communist volunteer in the Spanish Civil War, 1937-1939 and Divisional Commander of the First Proletarian Division in Josip Broz Tito's Partisan army. Sometimes he was known as "the man who saved YPA" because he broke trough the German lines during the crucial Battle of Sutjeska and saved Tito and Yugoslav People'S Army Popović came from a prosperous Belgrade family and at university studied philosophy.
Peko Dapčević (25 June 1913 – 13 February 1999) was a Yugoslav and Montenegrin communist who fought in the Spanish Civil War, joined the Partisan uprising in Montenegro, and became commander of the Yugoslav 1st and 4th Army. General Dapčević led the Partisan army that along with Red Army under General Zhdanov liberated Belgrade on October 20, 1944. In 1953 Dapčević was named Chief of the, but was demoted as a result of being indirectly involved in the Đilas troubles with the party.
Arso R. Jovanović (1907 - 1948) was one of the foremost military commanders to participate in the People's Liberation Struggle (Narodno oslobodilacka borba) in Yugoslavia (as their World War II operations were referred to by the Yugoslav Communist Partisans). Educated through the Yugoslav Royal Army academies, General Jovanović was one of the best-educated generals among the partisan forces in Yugoslavia, speaking French, Russian and English.
Sava Kovačević (1905 – June 13, 1943) was a Montenegrin partisan commander during World War II. Kovačević was born in Nudo, close to Nikšić, to a family of Montenegrin peasants. In his early age he worked as a blacksmith and adopted Communism, becoming a member of Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1925. He gradually rose through the ranks of Party and became one of the Communist leaders in Montenegro. He was often arrested for his Communist activities.
Ivan Goran Kovačić (21 March 1913 - 13 July 1943) was a prominent Croatian poet and writer of the 20th century. He was born in Lukovdol, a town in Gorski Kotar, a mountainous region of western Croatia, and his middle name Goran stems from that. During World War II, he joined the Partisan forces, as did the poet Vladimir Nazor in 1942. His best known work is "Jama" (The Pit), which ranks among the greatest Croatian poems ever written .
Jan Gies (18 October 1905 - 26 January 1993) was a member of the Dutch Resistance who, with his wife Miep, helped hide Anne Frank and her family from Nazi persecution during the occupation of the Netherlands.
Maksimilijan "Maks" Baće, also known as Milić (October 12, 1914, near Zadar – December 4, 2005 in Split), was a Croatian and Yugoslav revolutionary. Born in Pakoštane and raised in Split, he studied philosophy in Zagreb, became a student organizer and a member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1934. While a student, for his anti-state activities, he was convicted and imprisoned for six months in Belgrade.
Lai Teck was a leader of the Communist Party of Malaya and Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army. A Vietnamese of mixed Sino-Vietnamese descent, Lai Teck was known to have reached Malaya and Singapore in 1934 and joined the Malayan Communist Party and became its Secretary-General in 1938. Lai Teck was a shadowy character whose real name and background are unknown.
Boško Buha (1926 - 1943) was a young Partisan who used to be one of the greatest icons of World War II in the former Yugoslavia. Boško Buha was born in the Slavonian village of Gradina in an ethnic Serb family. In 1941, after the Axis invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and the establishment of the Independent State of Croatia, his family was targeted by Ustasha and had to seek shelter in Serbia. Buha eventually reached territory under Partisan control.
Error creating thumbnail: Invalid Parameter - white This article needs additional citations for verification. Ernst Knaack (4 November 1914 - 28 August 1944) was a German Communist and resistance fighter against the Nazi Germany régime.
Kyaw Zaw is one of the founders of the Tatmadaw (the modern Burmese Army) and a member of the legendary "Thirty Comrades" who trained in Japan in the struggle for independence from Britain. He is also one of the leaders of the Communist Party of Burma living in exile in Yunnan Province, China.
Stjepan Filipović (27 January 1916 – 22 May 1942) was a Croatian Partisan who was executed during World War II and posthumously declared a People's Hero of Yugoslavia. Filipović was born on 27 January 1916 in Opuzen, in the last days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Before the outbreak of the Second World War he lived in Mostar and Kragujevac, then both part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. He joined the workers' movement in 1937, and the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1940.