The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) was the first-ever space-based observatory to perform a survey of the entire sky at infrared wavelengths. Launched on January 25, 1983, its mission lasted ten months. The telescope was a joint project of the United States, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom.
The LIncoln Near-Earth Asteroid Research (LINEAR) project is a cooperative project between the United States Air Force, NASA, and MIT's Lincoln Laboratory for the systematic discovery and tracking of near-Earth asteroids. LINEAR was responsible for the majority of asteroid detections since 1998 until overtaken by the Catalina Sky Survey. As of December 31, 2007, LINEAR had detected 226,193 new objects of which at least 2019 were near-Earth asteroids and 236 were comets.
Spacewatch is a project at the University of Arizona currently led by Dr. Robert S. McMillan that specializes in the study of minor planets, including various types of asteroids and comets. It was founded in 1980 by Prof. Tom Gehrels and Dr. Robert S. McMillan.
The Deep Ecliptic Survey (DES) is a project to find Kuiper belt objects (KBOs), using the facilities of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO). The principal investigator is Bob Millis. Since 1998 through the end of 2003, the survey covered 550 square degrees with sensitivity of 22.5. I.e. , an estimated 50% of objects of this magnitude have been found.
The Asiago-DLR Asteroid Survey (ADAS) is a project to search for comets and asteroids, with special emphasis on near-Earth objects. It is a joint venture between the Department of Astronomy of the University of Padua (using the Schmidt telescope at Asiago-CimaEkar) and the DLR - Institute of Space Sensor Technology and Planetary Exploration at Berlin-Adlershof, Germany. DLR stands for Deutschen Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, the German Aerospace Center.
The Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets (UESAC) took place in 1992–1993. A large number of asteroids were investigated. Over 15,000 positions were detected, and orbits were calculated for 2500. As of 2006, a total of 1002 new asteroids were discovered and numbered in the process, ranging from 6102 Visby to (120498) 1993 FD53. More may yet be added as their orbits are confirmed.
The OCA-DLR Asteroid Survey (ODAS) was a European scientific project to search for asteroids and comets. This project was the joint work of the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (OCA) in France and the Deutschen Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) in Germany. They operated in cooperation with a global effort regarding Near-Earth objects that was begun by the Working Group on Near-Earth Objects, a component of the International Astronomical Union.
BATTeRS (バッターズ) stands for Bisei Asteroid Tracking Telescope for Rapid Survey. It is a Japanese project to find asteroids. It is associated with the Japanese Spaceguard Association. Members include Takeshi Urata. The project has discovered numerous asteroids. It has also discovered the comet C/2001 W2 (BATTERS), later reclassified as periodic.
The BAO Schmidt CCD Asteroid Program or Beijing Schmidt CCD Asteroid Program or SCAP is/was a project organized on May 1995 by the Beijing Astronomical Observatory and funded by the Chinese Academy of Science. Its purpose was to discover near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) and comets.
The Uppsala-DLR Trojan Survey (UDTS) is an effort to study the movements and locations of asteroids near Jupiter, specifically those in orbits similar to that of Jupiter and those which Jupiter blocks from the Earth. Not be confused with the Uppsala-DLR Asteroid Survey (UDAS) which was started shortly after the UDTS concluded. This group of about 400 asteroids is called the Trojans, because of the naming scheme and each asteroid is named after Greek and Trojan heroes.
The UAO - DLR Asteroid Survey (UDAS), also known as the Uppsala-DLR Asteroid Survey, is a dedicated programme to search for and follow up asteroids and comets, with special emphasis on near-Earth objects (NEOs) in co-operation and support of global efforts in NEO-research, initiated by the Working Group on Near-Earth Objects (WGNEO) of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), and the Spaceguard Foundation.
The Palomar Planet Crossing Asteroid Survey (PCAS) was initiated by Eleanor F. Helin and Eugene M. Shoemaker in 1973. This program is responsible for the discovery of several thousand asteroids of all types including a large number of Near-Earth Asteroids (NEAs), over 200 high inclination objects, other rare and unique orbital types of asteroids and 20 comets. PCAS ran for nearly 25 years until June 1995. It is the immediate predecessor of the Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) program.
The International Near-Earth Asteroid Survey (INAS) was organized and co-ordinated by Eleanor F. Helin during the 1980s, as the international aspect of the Planet-Crossing Asteroid Survey (PCAS). INAS attempted to expand the sky coverage (PCAS operated exclusively from Palomar Observatory) and the discovery and recovery of Near-Earth asteroid (NEAs) around the world.
The Centre de recherches en géodynamique et astrométrie (CERGA) was a scientific department of the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (OCA). It included 28 researchers and as many engineers and technicians located on the Observatory sites of Nice, Grasse and Calern. The scientific activities covered fields as diverse as fundamental astronomy, celestial mechanics and space geodesy.
The Indiana Asteroid Program was a program of photographic asteroid observations made with a 10-inch f/6.5 Cooke triplet astrographic camera at Goethe Link Observatory near Brooklyn, Indiana. The program was initiated by Frank K. Edmondson of Indiana University in 1949 and continued until 1967.
The Siding Spring Survey (SSS) is a Near-Earth object search program that uses the 0.5-m Uppsala Schmidt Telescope at Siding Spring Observatory, New South Wales, Australia. It is the southern hemisphere counterpart of the Catalina Sky Survey (CSS) located in the Santa Catalina Mountains on Mt Bigelow, near Tucson, Arizona, USA. SSS is jointly operated by the University of Arizona and the Australian National University, with funding from NASA.
The Deep Lens Survey (DLS, short for "Deep Gravitational Lensing Survey") is an ultra-deep multi-band optical survey of seven 4 square degree fields. Mosaic CCD imagers at the National Optical Astronomy Observatory's Blanco and Mayall telescopes are being used. The deep fields took five years to complete (2001–2006), in four bands: B, V, R, and z', to 29/29/29/28 mag per square arcsecond surface brightness.