Vicente Pío Marcelino Cirilo Aleixandre y Merlo (April 26, 1898 – December 13, 1984) was a Spanish poet who was born in Seville. Aleixandre was a Nobel Prize laureate for Literature in 1977. He was part of the Generation of '27. He died in Madrid in 1984. Aleixandre's early poetry, which he wrote mostly in free verse, is highly surrealistic. It also praises the beauty of nature by using symbols that represent the earth and the sea. Many of Aleixandre's early poems are filled with sadness.
Luis Cernuda (born Luis Cernuda Bidón September 21, 1902, Seville – November 5, 1963, Mexico City), was a Spanish poet and literary critic. The son of a military man, Cernuda received a strict education as a child, and then studied law at the University of Seville, where he met the poet and literature professor Pedro Salinas. In 1928, after his mother died, Cernuda left his hometown, with which he had all his life an intense love-hate relationship.
Federico García Lorca (5 June 1898 – 19 August 1936) was a Spanish poet, dramatist and theatre director. García Lorca achieved international recognition as an emblematic member of the Generation of '27. He is thought to be one of the many thousands who were 'disappeared' and executed by Nationalists at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War . In 2008, a Spanish judge opened an investigation into Lorca's death.
Luis de Góngora y Argote (11 July 1561 – 24 May 1627) was a Spanish Baroque lyric poet. Góngora and his lifelong rival, Francisco de Quevedo, were the most prominent Spanish poets of their age. His style is characterized by what was called culteranismo, also known as Gongorism (Gongorismo). This style existed in stark contrast to Quevedo's Conceptismo.
The Generation of '27 was an influential group of poets that arose in Spanish literary circles between 1923 and 1927, essentially out of a shared desire to experience and work with avant-garde forms of art and poetry. Their first formal meeting took place in Seville in 1927 to mark the 300th anniversary of the death of the baroque poet Luis de Góngora. Writers and intellectuals celebrated an homage in the Ateneo de Sevilla, which retrospectively became the foundational act of the movement.
Rafael Alberti Merello (Born in Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, Spain, 16 December 1902 - 28 October 1999) was a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27. Alberti published his first books of poetry towards the end of the 1920s: Marinero en tierra ('Sailor on Dry Land', 1925), La Amante ('The Mistress', 1926) and El alba del alhelí ('The Dawn of the Wallflower', 1927). This early work fell broadly into the Cancionero tradition, though from a markedly avant-garde perspective.
Dámaso Alonso y Fernández de las Redondas (October 22, 1898 – January 25, 1990) was a Spanish poet, philologist and literary critic. Though a member of the Generation of '27, his best-known work dates from the 1940s onwards. Born in Madrid in 1898, Alonso studied Law, Philosophy and Literature before undertaking research at Madrid's Centro de Estudios Históricos.
Pedro Salinas y Serrano (27 November 1891, Madrid – 4 December 1951, Boston) was a Spanish poet and member of the Generation of '27. He was also a scholar and critic of Spanish literature, teaching at universities in Spain, England, and the United States.
Gerardo Diego (3 October 1896 – 8 July 1987) was a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27. Diego was born in the Cantabrian city of Santander. He taught language and literature at institutes of learning in Soria, Gijón, Santander, and Madrid. He also acted as literary and music critic for several newspapers. In 1925 he was awarded the National Prize for Literature and in 1947 he was elected to the Spanish Royal Academy.
Alejandro Rodríguez Álvarez, known as Alejandro Casona (March 3, 1903 – September 17, 1965) was a Spanish poet and playwright born in Besullo, Spain, a member of the Generation of '27. Casona received his bachelor's degree in Gijon and later studied at the University of Murcia. After Franco's rise in 1936, he was forced, like many Spanish intellectuals, to leave Spain. He lived in Buenos Aires, Argentina until April 1962, when he definitively returned to Spain.
José López Rubio y Herreros (December 13, 1903, Motril, Granada Province – March 2, 1996) was a Spanish playwright, screenwriter, film director, theatre historian and humorist, a member of the Generation of '27. He was the last standing member of the Generation of '27. He worked in Hollywood in the mid-1960s as a songwriter for the Paramount. Was nominated to an Oscar for Treasure of Madre Sierra. He was considered one of the biggest jewels of the Spanish art in the 20th century.
Paulino Masip Roca (May 11, 1899, La Granadella – September 21, 1963) was a Spanish playwright, screenwriter and novelist, a member of the Generation of '27. Driven into exile in Mexico in 1939 by the events of the Spanish Civil War, he became involved with the nascent Golden age of Mexican cinema and was the author of over 50 screenplays. Masip is best known for his novel ¨El Diario de Hamlet Garcia¨ which takes place during the Spanish Civil War.
Juan Chabás (September 10, 1910 – October 29, 1954) was a Spanish-born poet and writer. He was a member of the influential group of writers known as the Generation of '27. He fled to exile in Cuba following the Spanish Civil War. Juan Chabás died of a heart attack at age 44 in Santiago de Cuba and is buried in the Colon Cemetery, Havana.
Edgar Neville Romrée, Count of Berlanga de Duero (28 December 1899, Madrid – 23 April 1967) was a Spanish playwright and film director, a member of the Generation of '27. Neville lived in Hollywood in the 1930s, in the period of the dubbed Spanish versions of the studios' English-language films. There he became a close friend of Charles Chaplin. The films he directed in the 1940s and 1950s mixed realism and romanticism, but did not perform particularly well at the box-office.
The Group of Eight was a group of Spanish composers and musicologists, including Jesús Bal y Gay, Ernesto Halffter and his brother Rodolfo, Juan José Mantecón, Julián Bautista, Fernando Remacha, Rosa García Ascot, Salvador Bacarisse and Gustavo Pittaluga. The group was founded in the spirit of Les Six and The Five, similar nationalistic coalitions of composers.
Ernesto Halffter (16 January 1905, Madrid–5 July 1989, Madrid) was a Spanish composer and conductor. He was the brother of Rodolfo Halffter. Halffter was part of the Grupo de los Ocho, which formed a sub-set of the Generation of '27. At the age of thirteen, he started to compose music for the piano. A critic sent a copy of Halffter's string trio, "Homenajes", to Manuel de Falla, beginning a long relationship that included composition lessons from Falla.
K-Hito was the pseudonym of Ricardo García López (1890–1984), Spanish humorist, caricaturist, bullfighting critic, film producer, and magazine publisher. Considered part of the Generation of '27, he was the founder and director of four magazines, in the pages of which he created several characters, such as "Gutiérrez," "Macaco," "Currinche," and "Don Turulato. " He was born in Villanueva del Arzobispo, Jaén Province in 1890, and grew up in Alicante. He began drawing at the age of four.
José "Pepín" Bello Lasierra (13 May 1904 – 11 January 2008) was a Spanish intellectual and writer. Bello, born in Huesca, Aragon, was the son of engineer Severino Poëysuan Bello. His parents were friends of such Spanish intellectuals as Joaquin Costa, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, and Francisco Giner de los Rios.
José Bergamín Gutiérrez was a Spanish writer, essayist, poet, and playwright. His father served as president of the canton of Málaga; his mother was a devout Catholic. Bergamín would be influenced by both politics and religion and would attempt to reconcile Communism and Catholicism throughout his life, remarking "I would die supporting the Communists, but no further than that."