Henry IV (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610) was King of France from 1589 to 1610 and (as Henry III) King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. He was the first monarch of the Bourbon branch of the Capetian dynasty in France. His parents were Queen Jeanne III and King Antoine of Navarre. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the Wars of Religion before ascending the throne in 1589.
Jean-Paul Marat (24 May 1743 – 13 July 1793) was a Swiss-born physician, political theorist and scientist better known as a radical journalist and politician from the French Revolution. His journalism was renowned for its fiery character and uncompromising stance towards the new government, "enemies of the revolution" and basic reforms for the poorest members of society.
Henry III was King of France from 1574 to 1589. As Henry of Valois, he was the first elected monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth with the dual titles of King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1573 to 1575.
Marie François Sadi Carnot (11 August 1837 – 25 June 1894) was a French statesman, the fourth president of the Third French Republic. He served as the President of France from 1887 until his assassination in 1894.
Joseph Athanase Paul Doumer, commonly known as Paul Doumer (22 March 1857 – 7 May 1932) was the President of France from 13 June 1931 until his assassination. Born in Aurillac, in the Cantal département, in France. He was Governor-General of French Indochina from 1897 to 1902. After returning from French Indochina, Doumer served as President of the Chamber of Deputies (a post equivalent to the speaker of parliament) from 1902 to 1905.
Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, 1st Comte Brune (13 March 1763 – 2 August 1815) was a French soldier and political figure who rose to Marshal of France. The son of a lawyer, he was born at Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze. Brune settled in Paris before the French Revolution, studied law, and became a political journalist. Following the French Revolution he joined the Cordeliers and was a friend of Georges Danton.
François Darlan (7 August 1881 – 24 December 1942) was a French naval officer. Darlan rose through the French Navy, ultimately becoming Admiral of the Fleet, and was a major figure of the Vichy France regime during World War II. Darlan was born in Nérac, Lot-et-Garonne, graduating from the École Navale in 1902. During World War I, he commanded an artillery battery. He remained in the French Navy after the war, and was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1929 and Vice Admiral in 1932.
Esad Pashë Toptani (ca. 1863 – June 13, 1920), primarily known as Essad Pasha, was a leading Albanian politician in the early twentieth century. He led the opposition forces that overthrew Prince William of Wied in Albania, rejected the principality of Vlora led by Ismail Qemali in November 1912 and was the most powerful politician of Albania between 1912 - 1920.
Concino Concini, Count della Penna, Marquis et Maréchal d'Ancre (Florence, 1575 - Paris, 24 April 1617), was an Italian politician, best known for being a minister of Louis XIII of France, as the favourite of his mother. A nobleman native of Florence, he came to France in the train of Maria de Medici, wife of King Henri IV, and married the queen's lady-in-waiting, Leonora Dori, known as "Galigaï". The favour his wife enjoyed with the queen, combined with his wit and boldness, made his fortune.
Lord Gaspard de Coligny (16 February 1519 – 24 August 1572), Seigneur (Lord) de Châtillon, was a French nobleman and admiral, best remembered as an austerely disciplined Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion.
Henry I, Prince of Joinville, Duke of Guise, Count of Eu (January 31, 1550 – December 23, 1588, Château de Blois), sometimes called Le Balafré, "the scarred", was the eldest son of Francis, Duke of Guise, and Anna d'Este. His maternal grandparents were Ercole d'Este II, Duke of Ferrara and Renée of France. He succeeded his father in 1563 as Duke of Guise and Grand Maître de France.
Jean Léon Jaurès (full name Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès; 3 September 1859 – 31 July 1914) was a French Socialist leader. Initially an Opportunist Republican, he evolved into one of the first social democrats, becoming the leader, in 1902, of the French Socialist Party, which opposed Jules Guesde's revolutionary Socialist Party of France. Both parties merged in 1905 in the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).
Symon Vasylyovych Petliura was a publicist, writer, journalist, Ukrainian politician and statesman, who led Ukraine's fight for independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917. During the period of Ukrainian independence in 1918-1920, he was Head of the Ukrainian State. On May 25, 1926 Petliura was assassinated in Paris by the Jewish anarchist Sholom Schwartzbard.
Joachim Peiper (30 January 1915–14 July 1976) more often known as Jochen Peiper from the common German nickname for Joachim, was a field grade Waffen-SS officer in World War II, convicted of war crimes in Belgium and accused of war crimes in Italy. He was Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler's personal adjutant (April 1938–August 1941). In 1945, he was an SS-Standartenführer, the Waffen-SS's youngest regimental colonel.
Louis I (March 13, 1372 – November 23, 1407) was Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death. He was also Count of Valois, Duke of Touraine (1386–1392), Count of Blois (1397–1407), Angoulême (1404–1407), Périgord, Dreux and Soissons. Louis was son of King Charles V of France and Joanna of Bourbon and younger brother of Charles VI.
Charles Ferdinand d'Artois, Duke of Berry (Charles Ferdinand d'Artois, fils de France, duc de Berry; 24 January 1778 – 14 February 1820) was the younger son of the future king, Charles X of France, and his wife, Princess Maria Theresa of Savoy. His maternal grandparents were Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Spain. She was the youngest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese.
Victor Noir, (27 July 1848 in Attigny, Vosges — 10 January 1870 in Paris), was a French journalist who is famous for the manner of his death and its political consequences. His tomb in Paris later became a fertility symbol.
Bernard René Jourdan, marquis de Launay (1740–1789) was a French governor of the Bastille, the son of a previous governor, and commander of its garrison when it was stormed on 14 July 1789. Unlike Sombreuil, the governor of Hôtel des Invalides, who had accepted the revolutionaries' demands earlier that day, de Launay refused to surrender the prison and hand over the arms and the gunpowder in it.