Saint Herman of Alaska (born 1756 or 1760 in Serpukhov, Russia – died December 13 or November 15, 1837 on Spruce Island, Alaska) was one of the first Eastern Orthodox missionaries to the New World, and is considered by Orthodox Christians to be the patron saint of the Americas.
Saint Tikhon of Moscow (January 31 1865 – April 7, 1925), born Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin, was the 11th Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia of the Russian Orthodox Church during the early years of the Soviet Union, 1917 through 1925.
Saint Nicholas, Equal-to-the-Apostles, Archbishop of Japan, born Ivan Dimitrovich Kasatkin was a Russian Orthodox priest, monk, and saint. He introduced the Eastern Orthodox Church to Japan. The Orthodox cathedral of Tokyo, Tokyo Resurrection Cathedral, was informally named after him as Nikorai-do, first by the local community, and today nationwide, in remembrance of his work.
Pyotr Ivanovich Kafarov (Пётр Ива́нович Кафа́ров), also known by his monastic name Palladius (Палла́дий), (1817 – 1878), was an early Russian sinologist. Kafarov was born in the family of an Orthodox priest. He studied in Kazan seminary and Saint-Petersbourg Academy, from which was sent to the Russian Orthodox Mission in China. Like his teacher Ioakinf Bichurin, Palladius was a Russian Orthodox monk.
Saint Innocent of Alaska (August 26, 1797 - March 31, 1879), also known as Saint Innocent of Moscow (Russian Митрополит Инноке́нтий) was a Russian Orthodox priest, bishop, archbishop and Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia. He is known for his missionary work, scholarship and leadership in Alaska and the Russian Far East during the 1800s. He is known for his great zeal for his work as well as his abilities as a scholar, linguist and administrator.
Nikita Yakovlevich Bichurin (Никита Яковлевич Бичурин) (August 29, 1777 – May 11, 1853), better known under his monastic name Hyacinth, or Iakinf (Иакинф), was one of the founding fathers of Sinology. He was born to a family of Chuvash priests and studied in the Kazan seminary. In 1802 he was tonsured with the name Hyacinth and sent to promote Christianity in Beijing, where he spent the next 14 years. The genuine objects of his interest were Chinese history and language.
Saints Cyril and Methodius were two Greek brothers born in Thessaloniki in the 9th century. They became missionaries of Christianity among the Slavic peoples of Great Moravia and Pannonia. Through their work they influenced the cultural development of all Slavs, for which they received the title "Apostles to the Slavs". They are credited with devising the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet used to transcribe the Old Church Slavonic language.
Hermogenes, or Germogen (before 1530 - February 17, 1612), was the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia from 1606. It was he who inspired the popular uprising that put an end to the Time of Troubles. Hermogenes was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1913. At the Holy Synod of 1589, which established the patriarchy in Moscow, Hermogenes was appointed Metropolitan of the newly-conquered city of Kazan.
Saint Stephen of Perm (1340 – 1396) was a fourteenth century missionary credited with the conversion of the Komi Permyaks to Christianity and the establishment of the Bishopric of Perm'. Stephen also created the Old Permic script, which makes him the founding-father of Permian written tradition. "The Enlightener of Perm" or the "Apostle of the Permians", as he is sometimes called, is commemorated by the Catholic and Orthodox Churches on April 26.
Vladimir; baptismal name: Vasili Nikiforovich Bogoyavlensky (Василий Никифорович Богоявленский) (January 1, 1848—7 February 1918) was Metropolitan of Moscow from 1898 to 1912, Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich from 1915 to 1918. Born to a family of a clergyman in Tambov, Vasili Bogoyavlensky graduated from a seminary in Tambov and Kiev Theological Academy. He then returned to Tambov to teach at his alma mater. In 1882, Vasili was ordained a priest in a town of Kozlov in Tambov Guberniya.
Macarius II was the Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna from 1912 to 1917, an outstanding missionary and enlightener of the masses in the Altai region (people used to call him the "Siberian pillar of Orthodoxy" and "Apostle of the Altai"). Born to a family of a sexton, Macarius graduated from a theological seminary in Tobolsk (1854) and joined the Altai Holy Mission, which had been set up by the Holy Synod with the purpose of converting the people of the Altay region to Christianity.
Chinese Martyrs is the name given to a number of members of the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church who were killed in China during the 19th and early 20th centuries. They are celebrated as martyrs by their respective churches. Most were Chinese laity, but others were missionaries from various other countries; many of them died during the Boxer Rebellion. The Eastern Orthodox Church recognizes 222 Albazinians who died during the Boxer Rebellion as "Holy Martyrs of China".
Jonah (Pokrovsky), Bishop of Hankou, was a diocesan bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR) who served in Northern China in the years immediately following the Bolshevik Revolution. He was officially glorified by the ROCOR on October 20, 1996.
Saint Kuksha of the Kiev Caves (died after 1114, Kievan Rus') is a monk and martyr from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Kiev Monastery of the Caves). He has been canonized as a saint in the Russian Orthodox Church for his work spreading Christianity among the heathen East Slavic tribe of Vyatichi. This story is told of him: Being a monk at Kiev Pechersk Lavra, he left to preach Gospel to idol-worshippers Viatichi. He there performed numerous miracles.
Metropolitan Benjamin or Veniamin (September 14, 1880, selo Vazhki, Tambov Governorate – October 4, 1961, Pskovo-Pechorsky Monastery), born Iván Afanásevich Fédchenkov was a Bishop of Russian Church, Orthodox missionary and writer.
Metropolitan Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh Benjamin (Fedchenkov) Herman of Alaska Patriarch Hermogenes Innocent of Alaska Macarius II Nicholas of Japan Stephen of Perm Tikhon of Moscow Mikhail Alexeyevich Miropiev
Father Anatoly Tikhai was a Romanian hieromonk who came to Japan in the early 1870s to assist Fr. Nicholas in his missionary work in Japan. Initially, the future St. Nicholas of Japan assigned Fr. Anatoly to his original church in Hakodate on Hokkaido island in northern Japan.
Yakov Tikhai(pronounced tee-'high), who was recommended by his brother, Romanian Archimandrite Anatoly (Tikhai), to then Archimandrite Nicholas of Japan, became Fr. Nicholas' principal arranger of Russian liturgical music to Japanese translations during the early decades of the Japanese mission.
Victor Alexandrovich Pokrovsky was choir director, translator, and music arranger for Metropolitan Sergius (Tikhomirov) of Japan, serving in that position at the Holy Resurrection Cathedral (Tokyo, Japan) from 1924 until 1962, except for the World War II years and some of the decade following the war. He followed in the tradition of Russian missionaries of bringing the Gospel to new people in their language. In Japan, he followed in the tradition of Ss.