Peter H. Duesberg (born December 2, 1936 in Germany) is a professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley, best known for identifying and mapping the src gene, considered the first true oncogene, in 1970, and more recently for his claims that HIV is harmless and not the cause of AIDS. Duesberg, along with Peter Vogt, was one of the first scientists to discover a cancer gene.
Jonas Salk (October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995) was an American medical researcher and virologist, best known for his discovery and development of the first safe and effective polio vaccine. He was born in New York City to parents from Russian-Jewish immigrant families. Although they themselves did not have much formal education, they were determined to see their children succeed.
Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel-Conrat (July 29, 1910 – April 10, 1999) was a biochemist, famous for his viral research. Fraenkel-Conrat was born in Breslau/Germany and received an MD from the University of Breslau in 1933. Due to the rise of Nazism in Germany he left for Scotland in 1933 and finished his PhD at the University of Edinburgh (1936). After completing his doctorate, he emigrated to the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1941.
Renato Dulbecco (born February 22, 1914) is an Italian virologist who won a 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on reverse transcriptase. In 1973 he was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Theodore Puck and Harry Eagle.
Luc Antoine Montagnier is a French virologist and joint recipient with Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Harald zur Hausen of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. , for his discovery of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Steven Jay Hatfill (born October 24, 1953) is an American physician, virologist and bio-weapons expert. The US Department of Justice identified the former government scientist as a "person of interest" in its investigation of the 2001 anthrax attacks. FBI raids on his home were well-attended by journalists and, consequently, several news outlets speculated that Hatfill was at one time the likely suspect for the attacks.
Frederick Chapman Robbins (August 25, 1916 – August 4, 2003) was an American pediatrician and virologist. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 along with John Franklin Enders and Thomas Huckle Weller. The award was for his breakthrough work in isolation and growth of the polio virus, paving the way for vaccines developed by Jonas Salk, Albert Sabin, etc. He attended school at the University of Missouri and Harvard University.
Joseph Edward Smadel (1907 - 1963) was a U.S. physician and virologist. He introduced chloramphenicol as treatment for rickettsial diseases. In 1962, he became the first recipient of the Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research .
Prof. Dr. Ralf M. Altmeyer is a German virologist who leads the Institut Pasteur of Shanghai, a joint institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institut Pasteur and Shanghai Municipal Government, founded in 2004. He completed his pre-doctoral studies at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and holds a Ph. D. (1994) from Institut Pasteur in Paris, where he also completed his postdoctoral thesis on neuropathogenesis of HIV infections (1996).
John Michael Bishop (born February 22, 1936) is an American immunologist and microbiologist who won the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He currently serves as an active faculty member at the University of California, San Francisco. Bishop was born in Pennsylvania. He attended Gettysburg College as an undergraduate, then earned an MD from Harvard University in 1962.
Professor Vittorio Colizzi is an Italian virologist and one of the most eminent HIV/AIDS researchers in Europe. He directs the Immunochemical and Molecular Pathology laboratory in the biology department of Tor Vergata University in Rome. With his French colleague Luc Montagnier he has participated in many conferences, particularly in Africa, to combat the propagation of HIV.
Dr. Anne Simon, Ph.D. was the science advisor of the American TV series The X-Files. She has written a book about this subject, The Real Science Behind the X-Files: Microbes, Meteorites and Mutants. Her primary research is on virus replication and symptom expression using the model virus, Turnip crinkle virus. She is a professor at the University of Maryland, College Park in the Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics. Dr.
Max Theiler (January 30, 1899 – August 11, 1972) was a South African/American virologist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1951 for developing a vaccine against yellow fever.
Thomas Huckle Weller (June 15, 1915 – August 23, 2008) was an American virologist. He, John Franklin Enders and Frederick Chapman Robbins were awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 for showing how to cultivate poliomyelitis viruses in a test tube, using tissue from a monkey. Weller was born and grew up in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and then went to the University of Michigan, where his father Carl Vernon Weller was a professor in the Department of Pathology.
Joseph Sambrook is internationally renowned for his studies of DNA tumour viruses and the molecular biology of normal and cancerous cells. He currently resides in Melbourne, Australia with his wife and daughter.
Dimitri Iosifovich Ivanovsky was a Russian biologist who was the first to discover viruses (1892). Ivanovsky studied in the University of St Petersburg in 1887, when he was sent to investigate a disease affecting tobacco and referred to as "wildfire". Three years later, they asked him to look into another disease of tobacco plants, this time raging in the Crimea.
Thomas Francis, Jr. (15 July 1900 – 1 October 1969) was an American physician, virologist, and epidemiologist. Francis was the first person to isolate influenza virus in America, and in 1940 showed that there are other strains of influenza, and took part in the development of influenza vaccines.
Hiroaki Mitsuya (born 1950) is a Japanese virologist famous for his role in discovery of the anti-HIV drug zidovudine as well as other anti-AIDS drugs including didanosine (ddI) and zalcitabine (ddC). Mitsuya obtained his M.D. and Ph.D. at Kumamoto University in Japan. He joined the American National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, in 1982, working initially on human T cell leukemia virus type 1, before switching his attention to HIV.
Yvonne Barr (born 1932 in London) is a British virologist. She assisted Michael Anthony Epstein in the discovery of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Barr graduated from the University of London in 1966 with a Ph.D. Later in her life, she married an Australian, and moved to his home country.
Robert Webster, footballer, co-founder of Norwich City F.C. Robert Webster, British gemologist, author Robert Webster (virologist) (born 1932), New Zealander, leading avian influenza expert Robert Webster (politician) (born 1951), Australian company director, grazier, former parliamentarian Sir Robert Webster, former chancellor of University of New South Wales Robert M. Webster (1892–1972), United States Air Force major general Robert N. Webster, a pseudonym of Raymond A.
Norman Wingate Pirie FRS (1 July 1907 - 29 March 1997)-was a British biochemist and virologist who, along with Frederick Bawden, discovered that a virus can be crystallized by isolating tobacco mosaic virus in 1936. This was an important milestone in understanding DNA and RNA. He taught at his alma mater, Cambridge University, from 1932 to 1940. He later joined the Rothamsted Experimental Station, becoming head of the biochemistry department in 1947.
Patrick S. Moore (born 21 October 1956) is an American virologist and epidemiologist who co-discovered together with his wife, Yuan Chang, two different human viruses causing the AIDS-related cancer Kaposi's sarcoma and the skin cancer Merkel cell carcinoma. The couple met while in medical school together and were married in 1989 while they pursued fellowships at different universities.