In Greek mythology, Oeagrus was a king of Thrace. He and the muse Calliope were the parents of Orpheus and Linus. He was also sometimes called the father of Marsyas. There are various versions as to where Oeagrus's domain was actually situated. In one version, he ruled over the Edonian kingdom in the region of Mygdonia. He is also connected with Pieria, further west, or to the vicinity of the River Hebrus to the east; the latter was said to be called 'Oeagria', in his honor.
In Greek mythology, King Haemus of Thrace was the son of Boreas. He was vain and haughty and compared himself and his wife, Queen Rhodope, to Zeus and Hera. The gods changed him and his wife into mountains. In ancient Greek, the Balkan Peninsula was thus known as the "Peninsula of Haemus" (Χερσόνησος τοῦ Αἵμου), a name which retains some currency in modern Greek.
In Greek mythology, Eumolpus (also Eumolpos) was the son of Poseidon and Chione. According to Apollodorus, Chione, daughter of Boreas and Oreithyia, pregnant with Eumolpus by Poseidon, was frightened of her father's reaction so she threw the baby into the ocean. Poseidon looked after him and brought him to shore in Ethiopia, where Benthesikyme, a daughter of Poseidon and Amphitrite, raised the child, who then married one of Benthesikyme's two daughters by her Ethiopian husband.
In Greek mythology, King Tegyrios of Thrace welcomed the exiled Eumolpus, who then planned to overthrow him. Tegyrios banished him, but later, on his deathbed, Tegyrios forgave him and gave him his kingdom.
Dromichaetes was ruler of the Getae on both sides of the lower Danube around 300 BC. His capital was named Helis and Romanian historians traditionally located it somewhere in the Romanian Plain. However, the discovery of the Thracian tomb at Sveshtari (1982) in the western Ludogorie in Bulgaria suggested that Helis was located perhaps in its vicinity, where remains of a large ancient city are found along with dozens of other Thracian mound tombs.
Teres is a Latin adjective meaning "rounded, polished smooth" and may refer to: Teres I, the first king of the Odrysian state of Thrace (reigned 475-445 BC) pronator teres muscle, a muscle located mainly in the human forearm teres major muscle, a muscle of the upper limb; one of six scapulohumeral muscles teres minor muscle, a narrow, elongated muscle of the rotator cuff Teres Ridge, a ridge of elevation 330 m near Siddons Point on the Hero Bay coast of Livingston Island, Antarctica
Sitalces was one of the great kings of the Thracian Odrysian state. He was the son of Teres, and on the sudden death of his father in 431 BC succeeded to the throne. Sitalces enlarged his kingdom by successful wars, and it soon comprised the whole territory from Abdera in the south to the mouths of the Danube in the north, and from Black Sea in the east to the sources of the Struma in the west.
Seuthes I was king of the Odrysian Thracians from 424 BC until 410 BC. He was the nephew of Sitalces. He is infamous for the fact that he was bribed by Perdiccas II of Macedon, which directly lead to the end of Sitalces' campaign in Macedon. After he became king, Seuthes doubled the tribute of the Greek cities on the coast. In 411 BC Seuthes led a campaign against Athens, which was not very successful. Seuthes died in 410 BC after a serious illness.
Amadocus I was a Thracian king of the Odrysae from 410 BC until the beginning of 4th century. He was a friend of the Athenian statesman Alcibiades, and is mentioned at the time of the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 BC.. During his reign he experienced attacks from the Triballians and he lost many of his territories. At the beginning of his reign he made Seuthes II ruler of his lands along the southern Aegean shore.
Rhesus or Rhêsos (Ῥῆσος) was a Thracian king who fought on the side of Trojans in Iliad, Book X, where Diomedes and Odysseus stole his team of fine horses during a night raid on the Trojan camp. Homer gives his father as Eioneus— a name otherwise given to the father of Dia, whom Ixion threw into the firepit rather than pay him her bride-price. The name may be connected to the historic Eion in western Thrace, at the mouth of the Strymon, and the port of the later Amphipolis.
Cersobleptes was son of Cotys, king of Thrace, on whose death in 358 BC he inherited the kingdom in conjunction with Berisades and Amadocus II, who were probably his brothers. He was very young at the time, and the whole management of his affairs was assumed by the Euboean adventurer, Charidemus, who was connected by marriage with the royal family. The area controlled by Cersobleptes was east of the river Hebrus.
Berisades was a ruler in Thrace, who inherited, in conjunction with Amadocus II and Cersobleptes, the dominions of the Thracian king Cotys on the death of the latter in 358 BC. Berisades was probably a son of Cotys and a brother of the other two princes. He may have ruled in conjunction with his son Cetriporis, who entered into an alliance with Athens and the Illyrians against Philip II of Macedonia in 358 BC; Philip defeated the coalition in 353 BC.
Amadocus or Medocus (Μήδοκος) was a common name among the ancient Thracians. It was also, according to Ptolemy, the name of a people and mountains in Thrace. Amadocus I, a king of the Odrysae in Thrace in the 5th century BC. Amadocus II, a Thracian ruler who inherited the kingdom of Cotys I in the 4th century BC. Amadocus, one of the princes of Thrace, who was defeated and taken prisoner by Philip V of Macedon in 184 BC. Amadocus, a Hyperborean mentioned by Pausanias.
Seuthes III was a king of the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace from ca. 331 BC to ca. 300 BC, at first tributary to Alexander the Great of Macedon. Thrace had been largely subject to Macedon since the campaigns of Alexander's father Philip II in 347-346, followed by his conquest of southern Thrace in 341 BC. After Philip's death in 336 BC, the Thracian tribes revolted against Alexander, who waged a campaign against and defeated the Getai and King Syrmus of the Triballi.
Seuthes II was a king of the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace, from about 405 BC–391 BC. His rule was contemporary with that of Amadocus I, who at the beginning of his own reign made him ruler of the kingdom's Aegean shore territory. Later Seuthes apparently revolted; Aristotle mentions a King Amadocus who was attacked by his general Seuthes, probably in reference to these individuals. Seuthes proclaimed himself king at the end of the 5th century.
Abrupolis was a king of the Thracian Sapaei, and ally of the Romans. He attacked the dominions of Perseus of Macedon, eldest son of the recently deceased Philip V of Macedon, around 179 BC, and laid them waste as far as Amphipolis, as well as overrunning the gold mines of Mount Pangaeus. He was afterwards driven out of his holdings by Perseus, the conflict of which helped ignite the Third Macedonian War, since Rome took issue with the ousting of an ally from his territories.
Bergaios or Bergaeus, 400 - 350 BC, was a Thracian king in the Pangaian region. He is known mainly from the several types of coins that he struck, which resemble those of Thasos. Bergaios could mean literally, 'a man from Berge (Bisaltia) but the legend on the coin is a personal, not a place name.
Cotys VII was a king of the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace from ca. 57 BC to ca. 48 BC, in succession to his father Cotys VI. Cotys was an ally of the Roman general Pompey, to whom he sent a body of auxiliaries under his son Rhescuporis I in 48 BC for use in the Roman civil war against Julius Caesar. On Cotys' death, Rhescuporis I became king under the regency of Rhoemetalces I, Cotys' younger brother.