Al-Ikhlas (The Fidelity), aka At-tawhid (سورة التوحيد) (Monotheism) ute unity, consisting of 4 ayat. Al-Ikhlas means "the purity" or "the refining", meaning to remain pure and faithful or a state of purging one's soul of non-Islamic beliefs, such as paganism and polytheism. It is disputed whether this is a Meccan or Madinan sura.
Sura Al-Fatiha is the first chapter of the Muslim holy book, the Qur'an. Its seven verses are a prayer for God's guidance and stress the lordship and mercy of God. This chapter has a special role in daily prayers, being recited at the start of each unit of prayer.
Sūrat al-‘Alaq (العلق"The Clot"), is the 96th sura or chapter of the Qur'an. It is composed of 19 Ayat (verses or "signs"), and is traditionally believed to have been revealed at Mecca. It is sometimes also known as Sūrat al-Iqrā (إقرا, "Read").
An-Nas, or Mankind, is the 114th and last sura, or chapter, of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book. It is a short six-verse invocation, asking Allah for protection from the Satan. It is a Makkan sura. Together with sura Al-Falaq it is also known as Al-Mu'awwidhatayn.
Sura Al-Baqara is the longest sura (chapter) of the Qur'an. The chapter comprises 286 ayat (verses) and the verse 282 is the single longest verse in the Qur'an. The famous Ayat ul Kursi (Verse 255) is also part of this Surah. The last two verses of the chapter are also of special importance.
Sura Al-Falaq (Dawn, Daybreak) is the 113th Surah of the Qur'an. It is a brief 5-verse invocation, asking Allah for protection from the evil of Satan. It is a Meccan sura. Together with sura An-Nas it is also known as Al-Mu'awwidhatayn.
Sura An-Nasr (Divine Support) is the 110th sura of the Qur'an with 3 ayat. Al-Nasr translates to English as "The Victory". This the third shortest sura after sura Al-Asr and Al-Kawthar, with only three medium length ayahs. This is believed to be the last revelation given to Muhammad and a sign to his approaching death.
Al-Kafirun is the name of the 109th Sura (chapter) of the Qur'an. Al-Kafirun means "the Unbelievers. " Like many of the shorter Suras, the Sura of the Unbelievers takes the form of an invocation, telling the reader something they must ask for or say aloud. Here, the passage asks one to keep in mind the separation between belief and unbelief both in the past and the present, ending with the often cited line "To you your religion, and to me mine".
Surat Al-Ma'un (Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Have You Seen) is the 107th sura of the Qur'an with 7 ayat. This Surah was revealed in Madina where a myriad of factions were conspiring to contain the growing Islamic influence. The Surah discusses the character of those who claim to be Muslims but are oblivious of the hereafter.
Surat al-Fil (The Elephant) is the 105th chapter of the Qur'an. It is a Makkan sura consisting of 5 ayat. It describes the incidents of the Year of the Elephant, the year when Muhammad was born. With translations.
Sura Quraysh (after the tribe of Quraysh) is the 106th chapter of the Qur'an. It is a Meccan sura consisting of 4 ayat. It urges the Quraysh tribe who dominated Mecca to serve God, who had protected them, for the sake of their own future. It is one of two suras containing 4 ayat; the other is Al-Ikhlas. It forms a pair with the preceding sura, al-Fil, reminding the Quraysh of the favors that God had bestowed on them.
Surah At-Tawbah also known as al-Bara'ah "the Ultimatum" in many ahadith is the ninth chapter of the Qur'an, with 129 verses (see, however, the discussion of ahadith 785-787 in Sunan Abi Dawood, relating to merging Suras 8 and 9, and the discussion of numbering the Basmala). It is one of the last Madinan Suras. It is the only Sura of the Qur'an that does not begin with the bismillah. The starting verses of this sura were revealed at the time of war.
Sura An-Nisa is the fourth chapter of the Qur'an, with 176 verses. It is a Medinan sura. It is the second longest chapter in the Qur'an before Al-i-Imran, and was recited after sura Al-Mumtahina. It was named Surat An-Nisa as it deals extensively with women and their rights and obligations compared to any other chapter. Some called it the Major (full) Surat An-Nisa, in contrast to the minor Surat An-Nisa At-Talaq ("Divorce") with twelve verses.
Sura Al-Ma'ida is the fifth chapter of the Qur'an, with 120 verses. It is a Madinan sura. The sura's main topics are Isa's and Moses' missions, as well as the claim that their messages are distorted by Jews and Christians.
Sura Al-An-'am is the sixth chapter of the Qur'an, with 165 verses. It is a Makkan sura. Its main topics are monotheism, resurrection, heaven and hell. The surah reports the story of the prophet Abraham, who using his own reason stopped worship of celestial bodies and turned towards Allah, so that he could have received revelation.