Dacrydium cupressinum is a large evergreen coniferous tree endemic to the forests of New Zealand. It was formerly known as "red pine", although this name is misleading since it is not a true pine but a member of the southern conifer group the podocarps. The name "red pine" has fallen out of common use and the Māori name rimu is now used.
Agathis australis, commonly known as the kauri, is a coniferous tree found north of 38°S in the northern districts of New Zealand's North Island. It is the largest (by volume) but not tallest species of tree in New Zealand, standing up to 50m tall in the emergent layer above the forest's main canopy. The tree has smooth bark and small oval leaves. Other common names to distinguish A. australis from other members of the genus are southern kauri and New Zealand kauri.
The Pōhutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) is a coastal evergreen tree in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae, that produces a brilliant display of red flowers made up of a mass of stamens. The Pōhutukawa is one of twelve Metrosideros species endemic to New Zealand.
Kowhai are small, woody legume trees in the genus Sophora native to New Zealand. There are eight species, S. microphylla being the most common. Kowhai trees grow throughout the country and are a common feature in New Zealand gardens. Outside of New Zealand, Kowhais tend to be restricted to mild temperate maritime climates.
Leptospermum scoparium (Manuka or Tea tree or just Leptospermum) is a shrub or small tree native to New Zealand and southeast Australia. It is found throughout New Zealand but is particularly common on the drier east coasts of the North Island and the South Island, and in Australia in Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales. Manuka is the name used in New Zealand, and 'tea tree' is a common name in Australia and to a lesser extent also in New Zealand.
Podocarpus totara (tōtara) is a species of podocarp endemic to New Zealand. It grows throughout the North Island and northeastern South Island in lowland, montane and lower subalpine forest at elevations of up to 600 m.
Puka or Pukanui (Meryta sinclairii Seem. ) is a large-leaved evergreen tree endemic to New Zealand that grows to about 8 m tall, with the distinctly tropical appearance typical of the genus. There are about 27 species of Meryta, all small, resinous trees of the subtropical and tropical Pacific Ocean. Puka currently occurs naturally on the Three Kings Islands (c. 34"S, 172W) and the Hen and Chickens Islands (c.
Prumnopitys taxifolia (Matai or Black pine) is an endemic New Zealand coniferous tree that grows on the North Island and South Island. It also occurs on Stewart Island/Rakiura (47 °S) but is uncommon there. It grows up to 40 m high, with a trunk up to 2 m diameter. The leaves are linear to sickle-shaped, 10-15 mm long and 1.5-2 mm broad.
The cabbage tree Cordyline australis, known as tī rākau or tī kōuka in the Māori language, is a monocotyledon endemic to New Zealand. It grows up to 15 m tall, at first on a single stem, but dividing into a much-branched crown; each branch may fork after producing a flowering stem. The leaves are sword-shaped, 40 to 90 cm long and 3 to 7 cm broad at the base, with numerous parallel veins.
Phyllocladus is a small genus of conifers, now treated in the Family Podocarpaceae. They are morphologically very distinct from the other genera in that family, and some botanists treat them in a family of their own, the Phyllocladaceae. However, genetic analysis shows that they fall within the Podocarpaceae; their removal from this family leaves the remainder of Podocarpaceae as a paraphyletic taxon.
Metrosideros is a genus of approximately 50 trees, shrubs, and vines native to the islands of the Pacific Ocean, from the Philippines to New Zealand and including the Bonin Islands, Polynesia, and Melanesia, with an anomalous outlier in South Africa. Most of the tree forms are small, but some are exceptionally large, the New Zealand species in particular. The name derives from the Greek metra or "heartwood" and sideron or "iron". Perhaps the best-known species are the pōhutukawa, (M.
Cyathea dealbata, or the silver tree fern or silver fern (kaponga or ponga in the Māori language), is a species of medium-sized tree fern, endemic to New Zealand. It is commonly associated with the country both overseas and by locals. This fern is known to grow to heights of 10 m or more (though it occasionally takes a rare creeping form). The crown is dense, and the fronds tend to be about 4 m long and have a silver-white colouration on the undersides.
Griselinia littoralis, commonly known as Kapuka, is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree growing up to 20 m tall, though often much less, particularly in coastal exposure. It is native to New Zealand, where it typically grows in coastal locations. It is widely cultivated both in New Zealand and in other areas with mild oceanic climates such as Great Britain, where it is valued for its tolerance of salt carried on sea gales.
Tītoki (Alectryon excelsus), is a shiny-leaved tree native to New Zealand, where it occurs in coastal and lowland forests. The flowering is in spring and the seeds take up to a year to mature. The colourful seed is initially contained in a hairy woody capsule which splits revealing bright red and black edible fruit (the black portion being the seed). In common with most New Zealand native trees, the Māori name is now preferred for English use. It was formerly known as the 'New Zealand Ash'.
Manoao is a genus of conifers belonging to the Podocarp family, Podocarpaceae. The genus contains a single species, M. colensoi, which is endemic to New Zealand, where it is known by its Māori name, Manoao, or as silver pine, Westland pine, or white silver pine.
Pseudowintera is a genus of woody evergreen flowering trees and shrubs, part of family Winteraceae. The species of Pseudowintera are native to New Zealand. Winteraceae are magnoliids, associated with the humid Antarctic flora of the southern hemisphere. P. axillaris is known as the lowland horopito. It is a shrub or small tree growing up to eight metres tall in lowland and lower montane forests from 35° to 42° South. On the South Island it grows West of the Main Divide. P.
Te Matua Ngahere is a giant kauri tree in the Waipoua Forest of Northland Region, New Zealand. The tree's Maori name means "Father of the Forest". Although not as massive or tall as its neighbour Tāne Mahuta, Te Matua Ngahere is much stouter, with a girth just over 16 metres (52.5 feet). There is no proof of the tree’s age, but it is estimated to be about 2000 years old. The tree is a remnant of the ancient rain forest that once grew on the North Auckland Peninsula.
The Tawa tree (Beilschmiedia tawa) is a New Zealand broadleaf tree common in the central parts of the country. Tawa is often the dominant canopy species in lowland forests in the North Island and the north east of the South Island, but will also will often form the subcanopy in primary forests throughout the country in these areas, beneath podocarps such as Kahikatea, Matai, Miro and Rimu.
Prumnopitys ferruginea (Miro) is an evergreen coniferous tree which is endemic to New Zealand. Before the genus Prumnopitys was distinguished, it was treated in the related genus Podocarpus as Podocarpus ferrugineus. It grows up to 25 m high, with a trunk up to 1.3 m diameter. The leaves are linear to sickle-shaped, 15-25 mm long and 2-3 mm broad, with downcurved margins. The plants are dioecious with pollen cones being solitary while those of female plants hang from a curved, scaly stalk.
Dacrycarpus dacrydioides (kahikatea in the Māori language) is a coniferous tree endemic to New Zealand. The tree grows to a height of 55 m with a trunk exceeding one m in diameter, and is buttressed at the base. It is dominant in lowland forest and wetlands throughout the North and South Islands.
Karamu is the Māori name given to the tree Coprosma robusta and Coprosma lucida, two of the 45 Coprosma species found in New Zealand. Coprosmas are identified by the domatia (tiny holes at the junction of the veins on the underside of the leaf), their stipules, small flowers and colourful berries (Dawson, J. and Lucas, R. , 2000). Coprosma robusta is found in lowland forest or shrub throughout New Zealand and almost to the south of the South Island.