R. M. Ballantyne (24 April 1825 – 8 February 1894) was a Scottish juvenile fiction writer. Born Robert Michael Ballantyne in Edinburgh, he was part of a famous family of printers and publishers. At the age of 16 he went to Canada and was six years in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company. He returned to Scotland in 1847, and published his first book the following year, Hudson's Bay: or, Life in the Wilds of North America.
Henry Thomas Cockburn (October 26, 1779 – April 26, 1854) was a Scottish judge and biographer, with the style of Lord Cockburn. His father, a keen Tory, was a baron of the Court of Exchequer, and his mother was connected by marriage with Lord Melville. He was educated at the Royal High School and the University of Edinburgh. He was a member of the famous Speculative Society, to which Sir Walter Scott, Henry Brougham and Francis Jeffrey belonged.
Archibald Joseph Cronin, M.D. FRCP (19 July 1896 – 6 January 1981) was a Scottish novelist and writer of non-fiction. His best-known works are Hatter's Castle, The Stars Look Down, The Citadel, The Keys of the Kingdom and The Green Years, all of which were adapted to film. He also created the Dr. Finlay character, the hero of a series of stories that served as the basis for the popular BBC television and radio series entitled Dr. Finlay's Casebook.
Hugh MacDiarmid is the pen name of Christopher Murray Grieve (11 August 1892, Langholm - 9 September 1978, Edinburgh), a significant Scottish poet of the 20th century. He was instrumental in creating a Scottish version of modernism and was a leading light in the Scottish Renaissance of the 20th century. Unusually for a first generation modernist, he was a communist. Unusually for a communist, he was a committed Scottish nationalist.
Robert Kerr Fulton, OBE (15 April 1924 – 27 January 2004), more commonly known as Rikki Fulton, was a Scottish comedian and actor best remembered for writing and performing in the long-running BBC Scotland sketch show, Scotch and Wry. He was also known for his appearances as one half of the double act, Francie and Josie, alongside Jack Milroy. Suffering from Alzheimer's disease in his later years, Fulton died in 2004, aged 79 years.
Andrew McClelland Boyd (1825–1899), miscellaneous writer, son of Rev. Dr. Boyd of Glasgow, was originally intended for the English Bar but entered the Church of Scotland, and was minister latterly at St. Andrews. He was educated at King's College School and at King's College London. He wrote in Fraser's Magazine a series of light, chirping articles subsequently collected as the Recreations of a Country Parson (1862), and also several books of reminiscences, etc.
Alasdair Alpin MacGregor (1899 - 1970) was a Scottish writer and photographer, known for a large number of travel books. He wrote also on Scottish folklore, and was a published poet. He was brought up in Tain and Inverness, and educated there and in Edinburgh.
Mary Weir, better known as Molly (17 March 1910 - 28 November 2004) was an accomplished Scottish stage actress, best known to legions of children as the long-running (1977-1984) character Hazel the McWitch the Scottish Ghost in the BBC TV series, Rentaghost. She was the sister of naturalist and broadcaster Tom Weir. Born in Glasgow and brought up in the Springburn area of the city, Weir began in amateur dramatics.
Grace Dalrymple Elliott (1754–1823) was a Scottish courtesan who was resident in France at the time of the French Revolution and an eyewitness to events. She was once mistress of the Duke of Orléans, who was cousin to King Louis XVI. She was arrested and held awaiting death by guillotine but was released after the death of Robespierre. She wrote an autobiographical account of her experiences entitled Ma Vie Sous La Révolution published posthumously in 1859.
Jimmy Boyle is a Scottish sculptor and novelist who was formerly a gangster. Once reputed to be the most violent man in Scotland, in 1967 he was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of another gangland figure, William "Babs" Rooney, although Boyle denies that he committed this killing. During his incarceration in the special unit of Barlinnie Prison, he turned to art and wrote an autobiography, A Sense of Freedom (1977), which has since been filmed.
Sir James Melville (1535 – 1617), was a Scottish diplomat and memoir writer. Melville was the third son of Sir John Melville, laird of Raith in the county of Fife, who was executed for treason in 1548. One of his brothers was Robert, 1st Baron Melville of Monimail (1527-1621). James Melville in 1549 went to France to become page to Mary, Queen of Scots. Serving on the French side at the Battle of St. Quentin in 1557 Melville was wounded and taken prisoner.
David Daiches (2 September 1912 – 15 July 2005) was a Scottish literary historian and literary critic, scholar and writer. He wrote extensively on English literature, Scottish literature and Scottish culture.
Christian Watt was born in 1833 in Broadsea, the fishertown of Fraserburgh. Her four brothers, husband and thirteen year old son were all fishermen killed at sea. This resulted in her being admitted to an asylum in Aberdeen. She recovered, but chose not to leave the asylum and she remained there until she died in 1923 at the age of ninety. She was a well educated woman and wrote her memoirs, known as "The Christian Watt Papers".
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish physician and writer, most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. He was a prolific writer whose other works include science fiction stories, historical novels, plays and romances, poetry, and non-fiction.