James Porteous (1848-1922) was the Scottish-American inventor of the Fresno Scraper. James Porteous was born in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland. His father, William Porteous, had been a wheelwright and blacksmith who built and repaired carriages, wagons and farm equipment. After learning his basic skills, James Porteous emigrated to the United States in 1873, at the age of 25, and settled in Santa Barbara, California.
John Boyd Dunlop (5 February 1840 – 23 October 1921), born in Scotland, was the inventor who was one of the founders of the rubber company that bore his name, Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company. He was born on a farm in Dreghorn, North Ayrshire, and studied to be a veterinary surgeon at the Dick Vet, University of Edinburgh, a profession he pursued for nearly ten years at home, moving to Downpatrick, Northern Ireland, in 1867.
John Anderson FRS (1726 – 13 January 1796) was a Scottish natural philosopher and liberal educator at the forefront of the application of science to technology in the industrial revolution, and of the education and advancement of working men and women.
William Symington (1764–1831) was a Scottish engineer and inventor, and the builder of the first practical steamboat. Symington was born in Leadhills, South Lanarkshire, Scotland to a family he described as being "respectable but not wealthy. " His father worked as a practical mechanic at the Leadhills mines. Although his parents intended for him to enter the ministry, he intended to use his good education to make a career as an engineer.
Patrick Miller of Dalswinton, just north of Dumfries (1730-1815) was a Scottish banker and shareholder in the Carron Company engineering works and an enthusiastic experimenter in ordnance and naval architecture, including double or triple hulled pleasure boats propelled by cranked paddle wheels placed between the hulls.
James Chalmers (February 2, 1782 Arbroath, Angus - May 26, 1853) was a Scotsman who it was claimed, by his son, was the inventor of the adhesive postage stamp. He trained as a weaver, before he moved to Dundee in 1809 on the recommendation of his brother. He established himself as a bookseller, printer and newspaper publisher on Castle Street. He is known to have been the publisher of "The Caledonian" as early as 1822.
Robert Davidson (1804–1894) was a Scottish inventor who built the first known electric locomotive in 1837. Born and died in Aberdeen, northeast Scotland, where he was a prosperous chemist and dyer, amongst other ventures. Davidson was educated at Marischal College, where he studied for one year on a scholarship - he had an education in return for being a lab assistant. He became interested in the new electrical technologies of the day.
Kirkpatrick Macmillan (* 2 September 1812 in Keir, Dumfries and Galloway; † 26 January 1878 in Keir) was a Scottish blacksmith. During much of the 20th century, historians generally credited him with inventing the rear-wheel driven bicycle. Kirkpatrick never became popular
Alexander Bain (October 1811 – January 2, 1877) was a Scottish instrument inventor, technician, and clockmaker. He invented the electric clock. Bain installed the railway telegraph lines between Edinburgh and Glasgow.
John Adrian Shepherd-Barron OBE is a Scottish inventor. Educated at the University of Edinburgh and University of Cambridge, Shepherd-Barron went on to work for De La Rue Instruments in the 1960s and came up with the concept of a self-service machine which would dispense paper currency with 24/7 availability. This was the Automated Teller Machine (ATM).
Vice-Admiral Philip Howard Colomb, RN (29 May 1831 - 13 October 1899). Born in Knockbrex, near Gatehouse of Fleet, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, he was a Royal Navy officer, historian, critic and inventor. He was the son of General GT Colomb. His younger brother Sir John Colomb was also a soldier and strategist of the Royal Navy.
Sir William Fergusson, 1st Baronet FRCS FRS (20 March 1808 – 10 February 1877) was a Scottish surgeon. Fergusson was the son of James Fergusson of Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire, and was born at Prestonpans, East Lothian.
Sir James Young Simpson (7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870) was a Scottish doctor and an important figure in the history of medicine. Simpson discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and successfully introduced it for general medical use.
David Dunbar Buick (September 17, 1854 – March 5, 1929) was a Scottish-born American inventor best known for founding the Buick Motor Company. He was born in Arbroath, Angus, Scotland moving to Detroit, Michigan at the age of two when his parents emigrated to the United States. He left school in 1869 and worked for a company which made plumbing goods. When the company ran into trouble in 1882, he and a partner took it over.
John Scott Haldane CH (May 3, 1860 – March 14/March 15, 1936) was a Scottish physiologist famous for intrepid self-experimenting which led to many important discoveries about the human body and the nature of gases. He locked himself in sealed chambers breathing lethal cocktails of gases while recording their effect on his mind and body. He visited the scenes of many mining disasters and investigated their causes.
William Ged (1699 – October 19, 1749) was the inventor of stereotyping. Ged was born in Edinburgh, where he carried on business as a goldsmith. In 1729 he endeavoured to push his new process of printing, on which he had been working since 1725, in London by joining in partnership with a capitalist, but, disappointed in his workmen and his partner, he returned despondent to Edinburgh. An edition of Sallust and two prayer-books were stereotyped by him.
Robert Liston (Born 28 October 1794, in Ecclesmachan, West Lothian - Died in London 1847) was the son of the Scottish minister Henry Liston. Robert Liston was a pioneering Scottish surgeon, who received his education at the University of Edinburgh, became first 'The Great Northern Anatomist' of Blackwell's Magazine, and in 1818 became a surgeon in The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. He lived from 1840-1847 (the year of his death) at No.
William Nicol (1770 – 1851) was a Scottish physicist and geologist who invented the first device for obtaining plane-polarized light — the Nicol prism — in 1828. He was born in Humbie in 1770 and his baptism is recorded in the parish register; many sources give an incorrect date of birth. He started out as aide to his uncle, Henry Moyes, an itinerent lecturer in Natural Philosophy whose blindness necessitated assistance for his chemistry and optics demonstrations.