Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (December 11, 1918 – August 3, 2008) was a Soviet and Russian novelist, dramatist, and historian. Through his writings he helped to make the world aware of the Gulag, the Soviet Union's forced labor camp system – particularly The Gulag Archipelago and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, two of his best-known works. Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970. He was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974 and returned to Russia in 1994.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian short-story writer, playwright and physician, considered to be one of the greatest short-story writers in the history of world literature. His career as a dramatist produced four classics and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Chekhov practised as a doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress.
Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky, sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, Dostoievsky, Dostojevskij, Dostoevski, Dostojevski or Dostoevskij (11 November 1821 – 9 February 1881) was a Russian writer and essayist, known for his novels Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov. Dostoyevsky's literary output explores human psychology in the troubled political, social and spiritual context of 19th-century Russian society.
Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko was a Soviet politician and the sixth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He led the Soviet Union from 13 February 1984, until his death just thirteen months later on 10 March 1985. Chernenko was also Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 11 April 1984, until his death.
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was the seventh and last General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, serving from 1985 until 1991, and the last head of state of the USSR, serving from 1988 until its collapse in 1991. He was the only Soviet leader to have been born after the October Revolution of 1917. In 1989, he became the first Soviet leader to visit China since the 1960s.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (April 15, 1894 – September 11, 1971) was a Soviet politician during the Cold War era. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский) (July 19 1893 – April 14, 1930) was a Russian and Soviet poet and playwright, among the foremost representatives of early-20th century Russian Futurism.
Pavel Romanovich Popovich (October 5, 1930 – September 29, 2009) was a Soviet cosmonaut of Ukrainian descent, and the first ethnic Ukrainian to fly in space. He was the 4th Cosmonaut in space, the 6th person in orbit, and the 8th person in space.
Alexandra Mikhailovna "Shura" Kollontai (Алекса́ндра Миха́йловна Коллонта́й — née Domontovich, Домонто́вич) (March 31 1872 – March 9, 1952) was a Russian Communist revolutionary, first as a member of the Mensheviks, then from 1914 on as a Bolshevik. In 1923, she was appointed Soviet Ambassador to Norway, becoming the world's first female ambassador.
Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko is a Ukrainian-Russian cosmonaut. He is a Colonel of the Russian Air Force, and test cosmonaut of the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. He is married to Olga Vladimirovna Shapovalova, born in 1961. They have two sons, Sergei and Alexei.
Gennady Ivanovich Padalka is a Russian Air Force officer and an RSA cosmonaut. He is also an investigator for the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity Project. He is married to Irina Anatoliyevna Padalka (Ponomareva). They have three daughters: Yuliya, Yekaterina, and Sonya. He has logged 1500 flight hours in six types of aircraft as a First Class Pilot in the Russian Air Force. In addition, he has performed more than 300 parachute jumps as an Instructor of General Parachute Training.
Eduard Limonov is a French citizen and a Russian nationalist writer and political dissident, and is the founder and leader of the banned National Bolshevik Party, which aims to build a fairer social state, preferably eventually to encompass all regions populated by Eastern Slavs. Increasingly moderate nationalist, hardline socialist, Constitutional rights activist.
Viktor Savelyevich Onopko (born 14 October 1969, in Voroshilovgrad, Ukrainian SSR) is a Russian football coach and a former defender, the all-time cap leader for the Russian national team. As of October 2009, he works as an assistant manager with PFC CSKA Moscow. He was a great captain for club and country and a special defender who did so much more than merely defend, which of course, he could do more than capably.
Fedor Vladimirovich Emelianenko (born September 28, 1976) is a Russian heavyweight mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter. He is the current World Alliance of Mixed Martial Arts Heavyweight Champion and the last holder of the Pride Heavyweight Championship. He has won numerous tournaments and accolades in multiple sports, most notably the Pride 2004 Grand Prix and the World Combat Sambo championship on four occasions, as well as medaling in the Russian national Judo championship.
Feofan/Theophan Prokopovich was an archbishop and statesman in the Russian Empire, of Ukrainian descent. He elaborated and implemented Peter the Great's reform of the Russian Orthodox Church. One of the founding fathers of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokopovich wrote much religious verse and some of the most enduring sermons in the Russian language.
Andrei Antanasovich Kanchelskis is a Russian football manager and a former Soviet and Russian football midfielder of Lithuanian and Ukrainian origin. He played for a number of teams, most notably Manchester United, Everton and Rangers. Kanchelskis is the only player in history to have scored in each of the Glasgow, Merseyside and Manchester local derbies. Currently, he is managing FC Torpedo-ZIL Moscow.
Anna Stepanovna Politkovskaya was a Russian journalist, author and human rights activist well known for her opposition to the Chechen conflict and then-President of Russia Vladimir Putin. On 7 October 2006, she was shot dead in the elevator of her apartment building, an unsolved assassination that continues to attract international attention. Politkovskaya made her name reporting from Chechnya.
Dmitry Nikolayevich Kozak, is a Russian politician, serving since October 2008 as deputy prime minister of the Russian Federation. He was previously regional development minister in the Russian cabinet headed by Viktor Zubkov and in 2004-2007 he served as presidential plenipotentiary representative in the Southern Federal District (North Caucasus and Southern European Russia).
Nikolay Vladimirovich Davydenko is a Russian tennis player. Davydenko's best result in a Grand Slam tournament has been reaching the semi-finals, which he has done on four occasions - twice each at the French Open and the U.S. Open. He was runner-up at the 2008 Tennis Masters Cup and then went one better the next year winning the 2009 ATP World Tour Finals. He has also won three Masters Series shields.
Maria Yuryevna Kirilenko is a Russian professional tennis player. Kirilenko won her first WTA Tour title in 2005, defeating Anna-Lena Grönefeld in the China Open. Kirilenko reached #18, her career-high singles ranking, on the WTA tour in July 2008. She won the junior event at the 2002 Canadian Open, as well as the 2002 US Open junior tournament. She has reached one Grand Slam quarterfinal at the 2010 Australian Open. As of February 1, 2010, Kirilenko is ranked World No. 37.