Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, also referred to as Serge, (31 March 1872 – 19 August 1929) was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise.
Business oligarch is a near-synonym of the term "business magnate", with a divergence in that business oligarchs represent informal power over a certain region or country because of their increased wealth. The choice of the word oligarch, which theoretically means "one of the few rulers", denotes the significant influence such wealthy individuals may have on the life of a nation.
Platon Leonidovich Lebedev is a former CEO of Group Menatep, and is best known as a close associate of Mikhail Khodorkovsky. He was convicted of tax evasion in 2005, and sentenced to nine years in prison. He was subsequently charged with embezzlement and money laundering in 2009, and pled not guilty to the charges. There has been speculation that these charges were politically motivated.
Roman Arkadyevich Abramovich (born 24 October 1966, is a Russian businessman and the main owner of the private investment company Millhouse LLC. In 2003, Abramovich was named Person of the Year by Expert, a Russian business magazine. He shared this title with Mikhail Khodorkovsky. He is known outside Russia as the owner of Chelsea Football Club, an English Premier League football team, and for his wider involvement in European football.
Boris Abramovich Berezovsky is a Russian businessman, mathematician, member of Russian Academy of Sciences and political refugee from Russia under British protection. He is best known for his role as a Russian oligarch, media tycoon and prominent politician during the presidency of Boris Yeltsin in the 1990s. He has been described by critics as the epitome of Russian "robber capitalism", but he denies having ever taken part in the violence that tainted Russian business during that era.
Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin (born 9 April 1938) is a Russian politician. Chernomyrdin was Prime Minister of Russia from 1992 to 1998. From 2001 to 2009, he was Russia's ambassador to Ukraine. After that, he was designated as a presidential adviser.
Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov was a Russian businessman, patron of art, collector, and philanthropist who gave his name to the Tretyakov Gallery and Tretyakov Drive in Moscow. His brother S.M. Tretyakov was also a famous patron of art and a philanthropist.
Oleg Vladimirovich Deripaska is the Russian Chief executive officer of Basic Element company and a member of the Board of Directors and CEO of United Company RUSAL, a Russian aluminium industry company. Deripaska has a London home in Belgrave Square, which was originally the town residence of the Dukes of Bedford. Deripaska's estimated fortune was $28 billion in 2008, according to the Forbes wealthiest list, making him the 9th richest man in the world.
Aleksandr Aleksejevich Khanzhonkov was Russia's first cinema entrepreneur. He produced Defence of Sevastopol, Russia's first feature film, and Ladislas Starevich's ground-breaking puppet animations. Born in a small village on the banks of the Don river in rural Russia in 1877, Khanzhonkov in 1911 founded Russia's first cinema factory, a limited company, whose main financial backer was Ivan Ozerov, an influential banker and member of the Russian State Council.
Vladimir Nikolayevich Romanov; born 1947 in Tver Oblast, Russian SFSR, USSR) is an ethnic Russian businessman who also holds Lithuanian citizenship following that country's independence from the Soviet Union. He is chairman of UBIG Investments which is the majority shareholder in Scottish Premier League football club Hearts and Lithuanian Basketball League club Žalgiris. He also controls the Lithuanian club FBK Kaunas and the Belarusian Premier League club FC MTZ-RIPO.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev is the third and current President of the Russian Federation, inaugurated on 7 May 2008. He won the presidential election held on 2 March 2008 with 71.25% of the popular vote. Medvedev was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian government on 14 November 2005. Formerly Vladimir Putin's Chief of Presidential Staff, he was also the Chairman of Gazprom's board of directors, a post he had held for the second time since the year 2000.
Arcadi Aleksandrovich Gaydamak, is a Russian-Israeli businessman. He was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honour by the French Republic. He was the owner of the Israeli football club Beitar Jerusalem, and in February 2007 announced the establishment of an Israeli social movement, Social Justice, which became a political party in July 2007. He ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of Jerusalem in the November 2008 elections, winning about 3.6% of the votes.
Viktor Vladimirovich Gerashchenko, byname Gerakl (the Russian version of Heracles), was the Chairman of the Soviet and then Russian Central Bank during much of the Perestroika and post-Perestroika periods. Viktor Gerashchenko was born in Leningrad on 21 December 1937. His father was a leading Soviet banker who ran the Financial Department of the Foreign Office in the 1940s before ending his career as Deputy Chairman of the Central Bank.
Nikolai Smolenski, born 11 June 1980, is a Russian. Smolenski is the son of Russian oligarch Alexander Smolensky the former head of large Russian bank Agroprombank/SBS-Agro-Bank which collapsed in 1998. He is an associate of fellow Russian businessman Roman Abramovich, and due to his wealth and youth, has been dubbed in the press as the "baby oligarch". Raised as “a sworn enemy of communism”, according to his father, Smolenski was educated in Austria and England.
Ivan Ignatyevich Savvidi,, is a Russian businessman of Greek Pontian descent. Savvidi, a graduate of Rustov Institute of National Economy, has held numerous high ranking positions, from Deputy to the State Duma of the Russian Federation to Chairman of FC SKA Rostov-on-Don. He is married to Kyriaki Savvidi, the couple have two sons, Giorgos and Nikos Savvidi.
Vladimir Ivanovich Yakunin is a Russian official, president of state-run Russian Railways company. Vladimir Yakunin is a close ally of the former Russian president Vladimir Putin and is considered to be one of the members of his inner circle.
Kakha Bendukidze (born April 20, 1956 in Tbilisi) is a Georgian politician and former businessman in Russia. He served as Head of the Chancellery of Government of Georgia from January 31, 2008 to 6 February 2009.
Viktor Petrovich Ivanov is a Russian politician and businessman, former KGB officer, who served in the KGB Directorate of Leningrad and its successors in 1977–1994. In 1987–1988 as a KGB officer he took part in the Soviet war in Afghanistan. In December 1990 together with Boris Gryzlov and Valentin Chuykin he founded the small-scale enterprise Blok engaged in various businesses and became its director.
Alexander Yevgenievich Lebedev is a Russian businessman, referred to as one of the Russian oligarchs. In May 2008, he was listed by Forbes magazine as one of the richest Russians and as the 358th richest person in the world with an estimated fortune of $3.1 billion.. He owns a third of Aeroflot airline, and is part owner of the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta. On 21 January, 2009, Lebedev bought the London-based newspaper the Evening Standard for £1.
Anatoliy Eduardovich Serdyukov is a Russian politician and businessman. He has been the Defense Minister of Russia since February 15, 2007. He is known for launching major reforms in the Russian military.
Ruslan (Khalid) Bekmirzayevich Yamadayev (December 10, 1961 – September 24, 2008) was a Chechen military leader and politician. A member of the high-profile Yamadayev clan, he was assassinated in Moscow in 2008.
Leonid Rozhetskin was an international financier and lawyer credited with bringing significant financial and legal advances to modern Russia. On March 16, 2008 Rozhetskin disappeared from his house in Jūrmala, Latvia. According to Russian press, he is currently living in California and cooperates with the U.S. Justice under the Federal Witness Protection Program, although no Western media have reported this story. He is feared dead.