Admiral of the Fleet David Richard Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, GCB, OM, GCVO, DSO (17 January 1871 – 11 March 1936) was an admiral in the Royal Navy. Achieving career success at an early age, he commanded the British battlecruisers at the Battle of Jutland in 1916, a tactically indecisive engagement after which his aggressive approach was contrasted with the caution of his commander Admiral Jellicoe.
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS, né Prince Louis of Battenberg (25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979) was a British admiral and statesman of German descent, and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, GCB, OM, GCVO (5 December 1859 – 20 November 1935) was a British Royal Navy admiral who commanded the Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland in World War I. His handling of the fleet at Jutland remains controversial. Jellicoe later served as First Sea Lord of the Admiralty, but he was removed by a new First Lord because of differences over policy and Britain's ability to carry on the war.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India (until 1947), the last King of Ireland (until 1949), and the first Head of the Commonwealth. As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward.
The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark; born 10 June 1921) is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. He was born into the Greek and Danish royal families, but his family was exiled from Greece when he was a child. He was educated in Germany and Scotland at schools run by the German Jewish educator Kurt Hahn.
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Alfred Ernest Albert; 6 August 1844 – 30 July 1900) was the third Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha reigning between 1893 and 1900. He was also a member of the British Royal Family, the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Kent and Earl of Ulster in the peerage of the United Kingdom on 24 May 1866.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Charles Doveton Sturdee, 1st Baronet, GCB, KCMG, CVO (9 June 1859 - 7 May 1925) was a British admiral. Coming from a family of British mariners, and educated at the Royal Naval School at New Cross, Sturdee entered the Royal Navy in July 1871 as a cadet on the training ship Britannia, at the age of twelve years. After two years he became a midshipman and served in the Channel Squadron and the East India Station.
Admiral of the Fleet Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe KG (8 March 1726 – 5 August 1799) was a British naval officer, notable in particular for his service during the American War of Independence and French Revolutionary Wars. He was the brother of William Howe and George Howe.
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, GCB, GCVO, KCMG, PC (24 May 1854 – 11 September 1921), formerly Prince Louis Alexander of Battenberg, was a German prince related to the British Royal Family. After a career in the United Kingdom's Royal Navy lasting over forty years, in 1912 he was appointed First Sea Lord, the senior uniformed officer in the British naval staff.
Admiral of the Fleet is a rank of the British Royal Navy and other navies, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-10. The rank evolved from the ancient sailing days and the admiral distinctions used by the Royal Navy then. The British fleet was divided into three divisions and each designated a colour, that of Red, White, or Blue. Each coloured division was assigned an Admiral, who in turn had command over a Vice-Admiral and a Rear Admiral.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Provo William Perry Wallis, GCB (May 12, 1791 – February 13, 1892) was a Royal Navy officer and naval war hero. He was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia and was 100 years old when he died. His father, Provo Wallis Sr. , wanted a naval career for his son and, knowing the rules for officers' entry into the navy, managed to get his son officially registered in 1795 as an able seaman on the 36-gun frigate HMS Oiseau at the age of four.
Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, KT, GCB, OM, DSO and two Bars (7 January 1883 – 12 June 1963), older brother of General Sir Alan Cunningham, was a British admiral of the Second World War. Cunningham was born in Rathmines in the southside of Dublin on 7 January 1883. After starting his schooling in Dublin and Edinburgh, he enrolled at a naval academy, at the age of ten, beginning his association with the Royal Navy.
Admiral of the Fleet Peter John Hill-Norton, Baron Hill-Norton GCB (8 February 1915 – 16 May 2004) was Chief of the Defence Staff of the United Kingdom and Chairman of the NATO Military Committee. He was known as an outspoken advocate on the importance of sea power and a strong defence for Britain. Though a traditionalist by nature, he also believed in modernization, taking the brave decision to abolish the Royal Navy's traditional daily rum ration.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Philip Louis Vian, GCB, KBE, DSO & Two Bars (15 July 1894 – 27 May 1968) was a British naval officer who served in both World Wars. Vian specialised in naval gunnery from the end of World War I, and subsequently received several appointments as gunnery officer. In the early 1930s, he was given command of a destroyer, HMS Active, and, later, various destroyer flotillas.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier, GCB,, was an admiral of the Royal Navy, who served as Governor of Newfoundland, and as a Lord of the Admiralty, but who gained notoriety for his actions at the Battle of the Basque Roads.
Admiral of the Fleet William Henry Dudley Boyle, 12th Earl of Cork and 12th Earl of Orrery GCB, GCVO, RN (November 30, 1873 - April 19, 1967) was a career Royal Navy officer who had achieved the rank of full Admiral before succeeding a cousin in 1934 to the family titles, chief of which is Earl of Cork. He was, at the time, serving as Commander-in-Chief of the British Home Fleet.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Astley Callaghan GCB GCVO (December 21, 1852 – November 23, 1920) entered the British Royal Navy as a cadet in 1865. In 1900, under Sir Edward Seymour, he was in command of the Endymion and entered Peking as part of the British response to the Boxer Rebellion. In 1911, he was named Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet, and his term in this command was announced to be extended to December 1914.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Nowell Salmon VC, GCB (20 February 1835 - 14 February 1912) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Admiral of the Fleet Alfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield, GCB, OM, KCMG, CVO, PC (27 September 1873 – 15 November 1967) was a Royal Navy officer and held the position of First Sea Lord from 1933 to 1938. He subsequently served as Minister for Coordination of Defence between 1939 and 1940.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Knyvet Wilson VC, GCB, OM, GCVO (4 March 1842 – 25 May 1921), was an English Admiral and briefly First Sea Lord who was awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the war in Sudan. An early expert on torpedos, he twice commanded HMS Vernon but his statement that submarines were "underhand, unfair and damned un-English" may have needlessly delayed their UK development.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Edmund Commerell VC GCB (13 January 1829 – 21 May 1901) was an English Royal Navy officer who was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was a Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1888.