George Dance the Younger (1741 – 14 January 1825) was an English architect and surveyor. The fifth and youngest son of George Dance the Elder, he came from a distinguished family of architects, artists and dramatists. He was hailed by Sir John Summerson as "among the few really outstanding architects of the century", but few of his buildings remain. He was educated at the St. Paul's School, London.
Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, RA (7 March 1802 – 1 October 1873) was an English painter, well known for his paintings of animals—particularly horses, dogs and stags. The best known of Landseer's works, however, are sculptures: the lions in Trafalgar Square, London.
John Gwynn (1713 – 28 February 1786) was an English architect and civil engineer of the 18th century, and one of the founder members of the Royal Academy in 1768. Born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, he worked initially as a carpenter, but then decided to practice as a (largely self-taught) architect and town planner, and moved to London, where he also became a friend of Samuel Johnson.
Richard Cosway (5 November 1742 – 4 July 1821) was a leading English portrait painter—more accurately a miniaturist—of the Regency era. He was a contemporary of John Smart, George Engleheart, William Wood, and Richard Crosse.
Francis Hayman (1708 – 2 February 1776) was an English painter and illustrator who became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768 and later its first librarian. Born in Exeter, Devon, Hayman begun his artistic career as a scene painter in London's Drury Lane theatres (where he also appeared in minor roles) before establishing a studio in St Martin's Lane.
Ozias Humphry (or Humphrey) (8 September 1742 – 9 March 1810) was a leading English painter of portrait miniatures, later oils and pastels, of the 18th century. He was elected to the Royal Academy in 1791, and in 1792 he was appointed Portrait Painter in Crayons to the King (ie pastels).
John Inigo Richards (1731–1810) was an English landscape painter who became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768, and was secretary to the Academy from 1788 until his death. He studied art at the St Martin's Lane Academy in London, where he was a noted pupil of George Lambert (1700–1765), sometimes regarded as the 'Father of English Landscape Oil Painting'. Like his contemporary Francis Hayman, Richards worked as a scene painter in London's theatres (1777–1803).
Paul Sandby (1731 – 9 November 1809) was an English map-maker turned landscape painter in watercolours, who, along with his older brother Thomas, became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768.
Thomas Sandby (1721 – 25 June 1798) was an English cartographer who later became an architect and teacher. Along with his younger brother Paul, he became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768, and was its first professor of architecture. Born in Nottingham, the sons of a textile worker, both the Sandby brothers joined the topographical drawing room of the Board of Ordnance at the Tower of London in the early 1740s.
Allen Jones RA (born 1 September 1937) is a British pop artist, best known for his sculptures. Jones was born in Southampton and from 1955 to 1961 studied at the Hornsey College of Art (London). He was expelled from the Royal College of Art; from 1961 to 1963 he taught at Croydon College of Art. His exhibition of erotic sculptures, like the set Chair, Table and Hat Stand (1969), are studies in forniphilia which turn women into items of human furniture.
Dominic Serres (1719–1793), also known as Dominic Serres the Elder, was a French-born painter strongly associated with the English school of painting, and with paintings with a naval or marine theme. Such were his connections with the English art world, that he became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768, and was later briefly (from 1792 until his death) its librarian.
Joseph Wilton (16 July 1722 – 1803) was an English sculptor and one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768 (and the Academy's third keeper). Born to a wealthy family in London, Wilton trained in Flanders, Paris, Rome and Florence.
Thomas Kirk (1765–1797) was a noted English artist, book illustrator and engraver of the late 18th century. A pupil of Richard Cosway, Kirk exhibited the first of 25 works at the Royal Academy in 1785, and created many famous engravings based either upon his own work or works by, amongst others, Angelica Kauffmann, Richard Westall or Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Richard Westall (13 January 1765 – 4 December 1836) was an English painter. Westall was the more successful of two half-brothers (both sons of a Benjamin Westall, from Norwich), who each became painters. His younger half-brother was William Westall (1781–1850), a much-travelled landscape painter.
Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, 1st Baronet (8 May 1735 – 15 October 1811) was a notable English portrait painter and later a politician. The third son of architect George Dance the Elder, Dance (he added the 'Holland' suffix later in life) studied art under Francis Hayman, and like many contemporaries also studied in Italy. There he met Angelica Kauffmann, and painted several historic and classical paintings. On his return to England, he became a successful portrait painter.
George Frederic Watts, OM (23 February 1817 – 1 July 1904; sometimes spelled "George Frederick Watts") was a popular English Victorian painter and sculptor associated with the Symbolist movement. Watts became famous in his lifetime for his allegorical works, such as Hope (see image) and Love and Life.
Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, KBE, FRA (7 March 1924 – 22 April 2005), was a Scottish sculptor and artist. He was a major figure in the international art world working without compromise on his own interpretation and vision of the world around us. Paolozzi investigated how we can fit into the modern world to resemble our fragmented civilization through imagination and fantasy. By the dramatic juxtaposition of ideas in his work, he let us see the confusion as well as the inspiration.
Edward Onslow Ford (July 27, 1852 – December 23, 1901), English sculptor, was born in London. He received some education as a painter in Antwerp and as a sculptor in Munich under Professor Wagmuller, but was mainly self-taught. His first contribution to the Royal Academy, in 1875, was a bust of his wife, the Freiin (Baroness) Gwendoline von Kreusser, whom he met and married during his time in Munich. In portraiture he may be said to have achieved his greatest success.
Richard Norman Shaw RA (Edinburgh, 7 May 1831 – London, 17 November 1912), was an influential British architect from the 1870s to the 1900s, known for his country houses and for commercial buildings. He trained in the London office of William Burn with George Edmund Street and attended the Royal Academy classes, receiving a thorough grounding in classicism, and met William Eden Nesfield, with whom he was briefly in partnership.
Sydney Smirke, architect, (1798 – 8 December 1877) was born in London, England, the younger brother of Sir Robert Smirke, also an architect. Their father, also Robert Smirke, had been a well-known 18th Century painter.
Charles Adrian Scott Stokes RA (1854-1935) was an English landscape painter. Born in Southport, Lancashire, he became a cotton broker in Liverpool, where his artistic talent was noticed by John Herbert RA, who advised him to submit his drawings to the Royal Academy. He entered the Royal Academy Schools in 1872 and exhibited at the Academy from 1876.