Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel KBE (born September 30, 1928) is a writer, professor at Boston University, political activist, Nobel Laureate and Holocaust survivor. He is the author of 57 books, the best known of which is Night, a work based on his experiences as a prisoner in the Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps.. His diverse range of other writings offer powerful and poetic contributions to literature, theology, and his own articulation of Jewish spirituality today.
Tristan Tzara (born Samuel or Samy Rosenstock, also known as S. Samyro; April 16 1896–December 25, 1963) was a Romanian and French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist. Also active as a journalist, playwright, literary and art critic, composer and film director, he was known best for being one of the founders and central figures of the anti-establishment Dada movement.
György Sándor Ligeti (May 28, 1923 – June 12, 2006) was a composer, born in a Hungarian Jewish family in Transylvania, Romania. He briefly lived in Hungary before later becoming an Austrian citizen. Many of his works are well known in classical music circles, but to the general public, he is best known for the various pieces featured in the Stanley Kubrick films ', The Shining, and Eyes Wide Shut.
Rabbi Joel (Yoel) Teitelbaum, (born 1887 - died August 19, 1979) known as Reb Yoelish or the Satmar Rav (or Rebbe), was a prominent Hungarian Hasidic rebbe and Talmudic scholar. He was probably the best known Haredi opponent of all forms of modern political Zionism.
Paul Celan (23 November 1920, Cernăuţi - c. 20 April 1970, Paris) was a poet and translator. Paul Antschel was born into a Jewish family in Romania, but as a writer used the pseudonym "Paul Celan," becoming one of the major German-language poets of the post-World War II era.
John Houseman (September 22, 1902 - October 31, 1988) was an English-American actor and film producer who became known for his highly publicized collaboration with director Orson Welles from their days in the Federal Theatre Project through to the production of Citizen Kane. But he is perhaps best known for his role as Professor Charles Kingsfield in the TV series The Paper Chase and for his commercials for the brokerage firm Smith Barney.
Andrei Codrescu is a Romanian-born American poet, novelist, essayist, screenwriter, and commentator for National Public Radio. He was Mac Curdy Distinguished Professor of English at Louisiana State University from 1984 until his retirement in 2009.
David Korner (also known as Barta, Albert, and A. Mathieu; October 19, 1914-September 6, 1976) was a Romanian and French communist militant, trade unionist, and journalist. A Trotskyist for most of his life, he was active in the labor movement of France from the 1930s to the 1960s. Born into a Jewish family, Korner was a member of the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) in 1932-1933.
Maia Morgenstern (born May 1, 1962) is a Romanian film and stage actress, described by Florin Mitu of AMOS News as "a symbol of Romanian theater and film". In the English-speaking world, she is probably best known for the role of Mary, the mother of Jesus, in Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ. In Romania, she has been nationally known since her 1992 role as Nela in Balanţa, a film known in the United States as The Oak, set during the waning days of Communist Romania.
Petre Roman (born July 22, 1946 in Bucharest) is a Romanian politician and a former Prime Minister of Romania. He served from 1989 to 1991, when his government was overthrown by the intervention of the miners led by Miron Cozma. Roman is a member of the Club of Madrid, grouping 66 democratic former heads of state and government. He was also the president of the Senate from 1996 to 1999 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1999 to 2000.
Serge (born 17 September 1935, Bucharest, Romania) and Beate (born 13 February 1939, Berlin, Germany) Klarsfeld are French- Romanian activists known for engaging in Holocaust documentation and anti-Nazi activism. They were involved in finding Klaus Barbie, René Bousquet, Jean Leguay, Maurice Papon and Paul Touvier and seeking prosecution for their war crimes. In 1984, they were awarded France's Legion of Honour by President Mitterrand.
Nicolae Cajal (October 1, 1919, Bucharest- March 7, 2004) was a Romanian Jewish physician, academic, politician, and philanthropist. He was President of the Jewish Communities' Federation of Romania from 1994 to his death. Cajal held a Ph.D. in virology and chaired the Ştefan S. Nicolau Virology Research Center in Bucharest for years. He was a member of the Romanian Academy, the Romanian Medical Sciences Academy, the British Royal Society of Medicine, and the New York Academy of Sciences.
Kevin Edmund Youkilis, also known as "Youk", is an All Star Major League Baseball player, who has played for the Boston Red Sox and its minor league affiliates throughout his professional career, which began in 2001. Known for his extraordinary ability to get on base, Youkilis (while still a minor leaguer) was nicknamed "The Greek God of Walks" in the best-selling book, '.
For other people with a similar name, see Meyer Shapiro Yehuda Meir Shapiro, (March 3, 1887 - October 27, 1933), was a prominent Hasidic rabbi and rosh yeshiva. He is noted for his promotion of the Daf Yomi in 1923 and establishment of the Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva in 1930.
Ion Vianu (born 1934), a Romanian writer and psychiatrist, who was exiled to Switzerland in 1977. He is the son of literary critic Tudor Vianu and his wife Elena. Ion Vianu became recognised as a radio personality for Radio Free Europe discussing attempts to use psychiatry as a political weapon. After the 1989 Revolution, he became actively involved in the reform of the system of psychiatric treatment in Romania to bring it up to world standards.
Tudor Vianu (January 8, 1898 – May 21, 1964) was a Romanian literary critic, art critic, poet, philosopher, academic, and translator. Known for his left-wing and anti-fascist convictions, he had a major role on the reception and development of Modernism in Romanian literature and art. He was married to Elena Vianu, herself a literary critic, and was the father of Ion Vianu, a well-known writer.