The politics of Barbados function within a framework of constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary government with strong democratic traditions; constitutional safeguards for nationals of Barbados include: freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association. Executive power is vested in the Barbadian monarch, and is exercised by his or her vice-regal representative, on the advice of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, who, together, form the government.
This article lists political parties in Barbados. Barbados has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with extreme difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. Occasionally various members of political parties in Barbados have used an option of crossing the floor.
Robert Byng (1703–1740) was the third son of George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington by his wife Margaret Master. On 19 December 1734 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan Forward, and by her had issue, including an eldest son, George, born 1735. This George, later of Wrotham Park, was the father of John Byng, 1st Earl of Strafford. Robert Byng served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Plymouth from 1728 to 1739 and as Governor of Barbados from May 1739.
The Pan-Caribbean Congress (PCC) is a unitary Caribbean-wide political organisation which was formed officially on April 27, 2003 in Barbados. According to the earliest press releases there were six member-islands at time of formation. The new party was formed under the auspices and in collaboration with the Clement Payne Movement, of Barbados.
The Cabinet of Barbados is the executive committee that looks after the management of the country. It is chaired by Prime Minister David Thompson and is composed of 18 Ministers. Prime Minister Thompson took up the position of chairman in 2008 and is this country's sixth Prime Minister. Others to hold this esteemed designation are Owen Arthur, national hero The Right Excellent Errol Barrow, the late Rt. Hon. Tom Adams, the late Rt. Hon. Harold Bernard St. John (later Sir Harold), and Rt. Hon.
The next general election in Barbados must be held by January 2013. According to the Constitution of Barbados elections can take place no longer than every five years. The last general election was held on 15 January 2008.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Barbados face legal risks not experienced by non-LGBT citizens. Homosexual acts are illegal in Barbados, with a life sentence; but the law is rarely enforced. The law is still in effect, but under review. The current Leader of the Opposition in Barbados is a lesbian.