General Stanisław Maczek (31 March 1892 – 11 December 1994) was the most accomplished Polish tank commander of World War II. His division was instrumental in the Allied liberation of France, where it closed the Falaise pocket, resulting in the destruction of 14 German Wehrmacht and SS divisions.
Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski was a Polish military and political leader. He was born in Tuszów Narodowy a village in the present-day Subcarpathian Voivodeship of south-eastern Poland, which at the time was part of Austria-Hungary, one of Poland's three partitioners. Prior to World War I, he established and participated in several underground organizations that promoted the cause of Polish independence.
Jan Karski (24 June 1914 – 13 July 2000), was a Polish World War II resistance movement fighter and scholar at Georgetown University. In 1942 and 1943 Karski reported to the Polish government in exile and the Western Allies on the situation in German-occupied Poland, especially the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto and the extermination camps.
Lieutenant-General Władysław Anders CB (11 August 1892 – 12 May 1970) was a General in the Polish Army and later in life a politician with the Polish government-in-exile in London. Anders was born on 11 August 1892 to his Baltic-German father Albert Anders and his mother Elizabeth, born Tauchert, in the Polish village of Krośniewice–Błonie, near Kutno which at that time was part of the Russian Empire.
Henryk Sławik (1894-1944) was a Polish politician, diplomat, and social worker who during World War II helped save 5,000 Hungarian and Polish Jews from Budapest by giving them false Polish passports. Henryk Sławik was born in 1894 in the village of Szeroka, now a part of Jastrzębie Zdrój, Poland. The 5th son in a poor peasant family, he was sent by his mother to an academic secondary school. After graduation, Sławik volunteered for the Polish Army.
Witold Pilecki (codenames Roman Jezierski, Tomasz Serafiński, Druh, Witold) was a soldier of the Second Polish Republic, the founder of the Secret Polish Army (Tajna Armia Polska) Polish resistance group and a member of the Home Army. As the author of the first intelligence report on Auschwitz, Pilecki's operation enabled the Polish Government in Exile to convince the Allies that the Holocaust was taking place.
Edward Rydz-Śmigły before 1922 Edward Rydz, since 1922 Edward Śmigły-Rydz (March 11, 1886 – December 2, 1941); nom de guerre Śmigły, Tarłowski, Adam Zawisza) was a Marshal of Poland, Polish political figure, Commander-in-Chief of Poland's armed forces, and a painter and poet. After many earlier successes as an army commander during the Polish-Soviet War, Rydz succeeded Józef Piłsudski as General Inspector of the Armed Forces in 1935, following Piłsudski's death.
Walerian Czuma (1890-1962) was a Polish general and military commander. He is notable for his command over a Polish unit in Siberia during the Russian Civil War and the commander of the defence of Warsaw during the siege of that city in 1939.
Stanisław Taczak (b. 8 April 1874 in Mieszków – 2 March 1960 in Malbork, Poland) was a Polish general. Till 8 January 1919 temporary commander-in-chief of the Great Poland Uprising (1918-1919). After the Invasion of Poland (1939) of 1939 he was imprisoned in the Oflag VII-A Murnau POW camp in Germany.
Stanisław Grzmot-Skotnicki (1894–1939) was a Polish military commander and a general of the Polish Army. During the Invasion of Poland of 1939 he commanded the Czersk Operational Group and was among the highest ranking Polish officers to be killed in action in that war.
Jan Nowak-Jeziorański (October 3, 1914 Berlin – January 20, 2005 Warsaw) was a Polish journalist, writer, politician, social worker and patriot. He served during the Second World War as one of the most notable resistance fighters of the Home Army.
Roman Abraham was a Polish cavalry general, a participant of the Invasion of Poland in September 1939, and took part in the Battle of Bzura. From 1939-45 he was a Prisoner of War in Oflag VII-A Murnau in Germany.
Józef Michał Hubert Unrug was a German-born Polish vice admiral who helped reestablish Poland's navy after World War I. During the opening stages of World War II, he served as the Polish Navy's commander.
Tadeusz Kutrzeba (15 April 1885 - 8 January 1947) was an army general of the Second Polish Republic. Kutrzeba was born in Kraków, then part of Austria-Hungary. In 1906 he graduated with distinction from the Military Technical Academy (Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna) in Mödling and was enlisted as Second Lieutenant in a minesweeping unit. During the Invasion of Poland in 1939 he commanded the Poznań Army composed of four infantry divisions (14, 17, 25, 26) and two cavalry brigades.
Karol Wacław Świerczewski (callsign Walter) (born on 22 February 1897 in Warsaw, died on 28 March 1947 at Jabłonki, near Baligród) was a Pole who became a Soviet military officer and a general. He served as a general in the service of the Soviet Union, Republican Spain and the Polish Provisional Government of National Unity after World War II.
Jan Karcz (b. October 16, 1892 in Modlica near Kraków - January 25, 1943 in Auschwitz) was a Polish Army Colonel, posthumously promoted to the rank of a Brigadier General. During the Second World War he was murdered in the German concentration camp Auschwitz.
Kazimierz Kierzkowski (b. August 10, 1890 in Międzyrzec Podlaski - March, 1942 in Auschwitz) was a Polish political and social activist, major of the Polish Army and member of the Armia Krajowa. During the Second World War murdered in the German concentration camp Auschwitz.
Franciszek Kleeberg (1 February 1888 in Tarnopol - 5 April 1941 near Dresden) was a Polish general. He served in the Austro-Hungarian Army before joining the Polish Legions in World War I and later the Polish Army. During the Germans Invasion of Poland he commanded the Independent Operational Group Polesie . He never lost a battle in the Invasion of Poland, although he was eventually forced to surrender after his forces ran out of ammunition.
Juliusz Zulauf (August 20, 1891 – May 21, 1943) was a Polish Army major general (generał brygady). A recipient of the Virtuti Militari, he fought with distinction during World War I, the Polish-Ukrainian War, the Polish-Soviet War, and the 1939 invasion of Poland. Juliusz Zulauf was born in Lwów, then the capital of Austro-Hungarian Galicia. In 1910, after graduating from a local gymnasium, he joined the Lwów University of Science and Technology.