Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (was the last commander-in-chief of the communist Polish People's Army and the chairman of the Polish United Workers Party from 1981 to 1989, Prime Minister from 1981 to 1985 and the country's head of state from 1985 to 1990. He was the country's last communist leader and dictator and resigned from power after the Polish Round Table Agreement in 1989 led to democratic elections in Poland.
Józef Klemens Piłsudski (December 5, 1867 – May 12, 1935) was Chief of State (1918–22), "First Marshal" (from 1920) and (1926–35) the authoritarian leader of the Second Polish Republic. From mid-World War I he was a major influence in Poland's politics, and an important figure on the European political scene. He is considered largely responsible for Poland regaining independence in 1918, after a hundred twenty-three years of partitions.
Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko (February 4, 1746 – October 15, 1817) was a Polish-Lithuanian general and military leader during the Kościuszko Uprising. He is a national hero in Poland, Lithuania, the United States and Belarus. He led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising against Imperial Russia and Kingdom of Prussia as Supreme Commander of the National Armed Force (Najwyższy Naczelnik Siły Zbrojnej Narodowej).
General Stanisław Maczek (31 March 1892 – 11 December 1994) was the most accomplished Polish tank commander of World War II. His division was instrumental in the Allied liberation of France, where it closed the Falaise pocket, resulting in the destruction of 14 German Wehrmacht and SS divisions.
Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski was a Polish military and political leader. He was born in Tuszów Narodowy a village in the present-day Subcarpathian Voivodeship of south-eastern Poland, which at the time was part of Austria-Hungary, one of Poland's three partitioners. Prior to World War I, he established and participated in several underground organizations that promoted the cause of Polish independence.
General Count Tadeusz Komorowski (June 1, 1895 - August 24, 1966), better known by the name Bór-Komorowski was a Polish military leader. Komorowski was born in Lviv, Austria-Hungary. In the First World War he served as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army, and after the war became an officer in the Polish Army, rising to command the Grudziądz Cavalry School.
Ignacy Oziewicz (1887 – 1966). During the World War I served in the Russian Tsarist army on various NCO and officers' posts. In 1919 joined the Polish Army. During the September Campaign he commanded the 29th Infantry Division. After its defeat, he avoided being caught and joined the underground movements. Until arrested in 9 June 1943, he was the commandant of Narodowe Sily Zbrojne. From 2 December 1942 he was negotiating joining Narodowe Sily Zbrojne with the Home Army (AK).
Lieutenant-General Władysław Anders CB (11 August 1892 – 12 May 1970) was a General in the Polish Army and later in life a politician with the Polish government-in-exile in London. Anders was born on 11 August 1892 to his Baltic-German father Albert Anders and his mother Elizabeth, born Tauchert, in the Polish village of Krośniewice–Błonie, near Kutno which at that time was part of the Russian Empire.
Mirosław Hermaszewski (born September 15, 1941), is a retired Polish Air Force officer. He became the first (and to this day remains the only) Pole in space when he flew aboard the Soyuz 30 spacecraft in 1978. Mirosław Hermaszewski was born in Lipniki, Wolynian Voivodship. He is a survivor of Massacres of Poles in Volhynia, during which Ukrainian nationalists murdered 19 members of his family, including his father. In 1965 he graduated from the military pilot school in Dęblin.
Władysław Franciszek Jabłonowski 1769–1802, was a Polish and French general. He fought during Tadeusz Kościuszko's uprising in 1794. He participated in battles at Szczekociny, Warsaw, Maciejowice, and at Praga. In 1799 he was made general of brigade of the Polish legions. From 1801 he was the leader of Legia Naddunajska. He was sent on his own request to Haiti in May 1802 (before the decision to send the rest of the Polish legions); he worked to put down revolts in the north in August.
Gen. bryg. Stanisław Franciszek Sosabowski CBE (8 May 1892 - 25 September 1967) was a Polish general in World War II. He fought in the Battle of Arnhem in 1944 as commander of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade.
was a Polish Communist political figure. He served as the Prime Minister of Poland between 1970 and 1980. Piotr Jaroszewicz was born October 8, 1909 in Nieśwież. After finishing the secondary school in Jasło he started working as a teacher and headmaster in Garwolin. After the outbreak of World War II and the Nazi-Soviet alliance he moved to Soviet-occupied zone of Poland. It has been claimed that he was a headmaster in Pinsk gymnasia.
Henryk Jabłoński (27 December 1909 – 27 January 2003) was a Polish Socialist, after 1948 Communist politician, historian and professor at Warsaw University. He was a head of the People's Republic of Poland between 1972 and 1985. Jabłoński was born in Stary Waliszew near Łowicz. From 1931, he was a member of the Polish Socialist Party (PPS). During World War II he fought in the battle of Narvik and then joined the French Resistance.
Edward Rydz-Śmigły before 1922 Edward Rydz, since 1922 Edward Śmigły-Rydz (March 11, 1886 – December 2, 1941); nom de guerre Śmigły, Tarłowski, Adam Zawisza) was a Marshal of Poland, Polish political figure, Commander-in-Chief of Poland's armed forces, and a painter and poet. After many earlier successes as an army commander during the Polish-Soviet War, Rydz succeeded Józef Piłsudski as General Inspector of the Armed Forces in 1935, following Piłsudski's death.
Sylwester Kaliski (b. December 19, 1925 in Toruń - September 16, 1978 in Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish engineer and general. He was a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN). Kaliski was a specialist in the field of applied physics. He developed the theory of continuous amplification of ultra and hyper-sounds in semiconductive crystals and obtained plasma temperature of tens of millions of kelvins using laser impulse.
Włodzimierz Bonawentura Krzyżanowski (Wladimir Krzyzanowski; July 8, 1824 – January 31, 1887) was a Polish military leader and a brigade commander in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He played a role in the July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg in helping push back an evening assault by the famed Louisiana Tigers on the Union defenses atop East Cemetery Hill.
Henryk Dembiński (January 16, 1791 – July 13, 1864) was a Polish engineer, traveler and general. Dembiński was born in Strzałków, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship. In 1809 he entered the Polish army of the Duchy of Warsaw and took part in most of the Napoleonic campaigns in the East. Among others, he took part in the Battle of Leipzig in 1813. After the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte he remained in Poland and became one of the members of the Sejm of the Congress Poland.
Józef Zachariasz Bem (March 14, 1794 – December 10, 1850) was a Polish general and a national hero of Poland and Hungary, and a figure intertwined with other European nationalisms. Like Tadeusz Kościuszko (who fought in the American War of Independence) and Jan Henryk Dąbrowski (who fought alongside Napoleon Bonaparte in Italy and in the French Invasion of Russia), Bem fought outside Poland's borders for the future of Poland; anywhere his leadership and military skills were needed.