Robin George Collingwood (22 February 1889 – 9 January 1943) was a British philosopher and historian. He was born at Cartmel Fell in Lancashire, the son of the academic W. G. Collingwood, and was educated at Rugby School and at University College, Oxford, where he read Greats. He graduated with congratulatory first class honours and, prior to his graduation, was elected a fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford.
Edward Hallett "Ted" Carr CBE (28 June 1892 – 3 November 1982) was a realist and later left-wing British historian, journalist and international relations theorist, and an opponent of empiricism within historiography.
Benedetto Croce (February 25, 1866 – November 20, 1952) was an Italian critic, idealist philosopher, and occasionally also a politician. He wrote on numerous topics, including philosophy, history, methodology of history writing and aesthetics, and was a prominent liberal, although he opposed laissez-faire free trade. His influence on Antonio Gramsci is quite notable.
Hayden White (born 1928) is a historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973). He is currently professor emeritusat the University of California, Santa Cruz, and professor of comparative literature at Stanford University.
Ram Sharan Sharma (born 26 November 1919) is an Indian historian. He has taught at Delhi University (1973-85) and the University of Toronto Universities and besides was a senior fellow at School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London; University Grants Commission National Fellow (1958-81) and President of Indian History Congress in 1975 . It was during the tenure of Professor R.S.
Marian Zdziechowski (April 30, 1861 in Nowosiółki, Mińszczyzna – October 5, 1938 in Wilno) was a Polish philosopher, Slavist, publicist and cultural historian. Critic of fascist and communist totalitarianism. Representative of catastrophism and philosophical pessimism. He was a brother of Kazimierz Zdziechowski, writer. Since 1888 was a lecturer and since 1899 professor of Jagiellonian University. In 1919–1931 professor and 1925–1927 rector of Stefan Batory University.
William Herbert Dray is a Canadian philosopher of history. He is Professor Emeritus at the University of Ottawa. He is known for his version of anti-positivist Verstehen in history, in Laws and Explanation in History, and his work on R. G. Collingwood.