Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809 – July 4, 1891) was the 15th Vice President of the United States, serving under President Abraham Lincoln from 1861–1865. He was the first Vice President from the Republican Party. Prior to his election in 1860, Hamlin served in the United States Senate, the House of Representatives, and, briefly, as the 26th Governor of Maine.
James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830 – January 27, 1893) was a U.S. Representative, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, U.S. Senator from Maine, two-time United States Secretary of State, and champion of the Half-Breeds. He was a dominant Republican leader of the post-Civil War period, obtaining the 1884 Republican nomination, but losing to Democrat Grover Cleveland.
Adelbert Ames (October 31, 1835 – April 13, 1933) was an American sailor, soldier, and politician. He served with distinction as a Union Army general during the American Civil War. As a Radical Republican and a Carpetbagger, he was military governor, Senator and civilian governor in Reconstruction-era Mississippi. In 1898 he served as a United States Army general during the Spanish-American War.
Oliver Otis Howard (November 8, 1830 – October 26, 1909) was a career United States Army officer and a Union General in the American Civil War. He was a corps commander noted for suffering two humiliating defeats, at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, but he recovered from the setbacks while posted in the Western Theater, and served there successfully as a corps and army commander. After the war, he commanded troops in the West, conducting a famous campaign against the Nez Perce tribe.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (September 8, 1828 – February 24, 1914) was an American college professor from the State of Maine, who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army. Although having no earlier education in military strategies, he became a highly respected and decorated Union officer, reaching the rank of brigadier general. For his gallantry at Gettysburg, he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
Neal S. Dow (March 20, 1804 – October 2, 1897), nicknamed the "Napoleon of Temperance", was a prohibitionist mayor of Portland, Maine, known as the "Father of Prohibition". He sponsored the "Maine law of 1851", which prohibited the manufacture and sale of liquor. Dow was widely criticized for his heavy handed tactics during the Portland Rum Riot of 1855.
Lot Myrick Morrill (May 13, 1813 – January 10, 1883) was an American statesman who served as the 28th Governor of Maine, and in the United States Senate and as Secretary of the Treasury. He was born in Belgrade, Maine, to Peaslee and Nancy (Macomber) Morrill, and studied law at Waterville College, now Colby College. His older brother Anson P. Morrill was also a prominent U.S. statesman.
Anson Peaslee Morrill (June 10, 1803 – July 4, 1887) was an American statesman. Born in 1803 in Belgrade, Maine, originally a storekeeper and millkeeper, he was the 24th Governor of Maine from 1855 to 1856, represented Maine's fourth district in the United States House of Representatives from 1861 to 1863 and served in the Maine state legislature. He was older brother to Lot M. Morrill, a U.S. Treasury Secretary under President Ulysses S. Grant.
William Pitt Fessenden (October 16, 1806 – September 8, 1869) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. Fessenden was a Whig and member of the Fessenden political family. He served in the United States House of Representatives and Senate before becoming Secretary of the Treasury under President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. Fessenden was born in Boscawen, New Hampshire.
Samuel Clement Fessenden (March 7, 1815 – April 18, 1882) was a United States Congressman from Maine, son of abolitionist Samuel Fessenden, and brother of Treasury Secretary William Pitt Fessenden and Congressman T. A. D. Fessenden. He was an uncle of Union Army generals, Francis Fessenden and James D. Fessenden. Born in New Gloucester, Maine, he graduated from Bowdoin College in 1834 and from Bangor Theological Seminary in 1837.
Thomas Amory Deblois Fessenden (January 23, 1826 – September 28, 1868) was a U.S. Representative from Maine, the son of abolitionist legislator Samuel Fessenden, and brother of Treasury Secretary William P. Fessenden and congressman Samuel C. Fessenden. He was an uncle of Union Army generals Francis Fessenden and James D. Fessenden. Born in Portland, Maine, he attended North Yarmouth Academy and Dartmouth College and graduated from Bowdoin College in 1845.
Horatio Collins King (December 22, 1837 – November 15, 1918) was a Union Army soldier who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the American Civil War. He also served as a U.S. lawyer, politician and author.
Lorenzo De Medici Sweat (May 26, 1818 – July 26, 1898) was a U.S. Representative from Maine. He was born in Parsonsfield, Maine, where he attended Parsonsfield Seminary, a Freewill Baptist school. Sweat then attended Bowdoin College, from where he graduated in 1837. He graduated from Harvard University in 1840, having studied law, and began to practice law in New Orleans. After this, he returned to Maine and settled in Portland, Maine. He married Margaret Jane Mussey in 1849.
Albion Parris Howe (March 13, 1818 – January 25, 1897) was a Union Army general in the American Civil War. Howe's contentious relationships with superior officers in the Army of the Potomac eventually led to his being deprived of division command.
Freeman McGilvery (October 17, 1823 – September 3, 1864) was a United States Army artillery officer during the American Civil War. He gained fame at the Battle of Gettysburg for taking the initiative to piece together a line of guns that greatly contributed to the Union victory.