Giuseppe Peano (27 August 1858 – 20 April 1932) was an Italian mathematician, whose work was of exceptional philosophical value. The author of over 200 books and papers, he was a founder of mathematical logic and set theory, to which he contributed much notation. The standard axiomatization of the natural numbers is named in his honor. As part of this axiomatization effort, he made key contributions to the modern rigorous and systematic treatment of the method of mathematical induction.
Italo Calvino (15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels. His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy (1952-1959), the Cosmicomics collection of short stories (1965), and the novels Invisible Cities (1972) and If on a winter's night a traveler (1979). Lionised in Britain and America, he was the most-translated contemporary Italian writer at the time of his death, and a noted contender for the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Umberto Eco (born 5 January 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher, literary critic and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa, 1980), an intellectual mystery combining semiotics in fiction, biblical analysis, medieval studies and literary theory. Eco is President of the Scuola Superiore di Studi Umanistici, University of Bologna, and an Honorary Fellow of Kellogg College, University of Oxford.
Ugo Nespolo born at Mosso Santa Maria near Biella on August 29, 1941, studied under Enrico Paulucci at the Accademia Albertina di Belle Arti of Turin from where he emerged with a degree in Modern Literature having produced a graduate thesis on Semiology. As an artist, he is particularly known for his work on cinema sets, opera productions, and outdoor pageants.
Vilfredo Federico Damaso Pareto (15 July 1848 – 19 August 1923), born Wilfried Fritz Pareto, was an Italian industrialist, sociologist, economist, and philosopher. He made several important contributions to economics, particularly in the study of income distribution and in the analysis of individuals' choices. "His legacy as an economist was profound.
Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro di Quaregna e di Cerreto, Count of Quaregna and Cerreto (9 August 1776 – 9 July 1856) was an Italian savant. He is most noted for his contributions to molecular theory, including what is known as Avogadro's law. In tribute to him, the number of elementary entities in 1 mole of a substance, 6.02214179(30)×10, is known as the Avogadro constant.
Otto, (1010 or 1020 – c. 1057) was Count of Savoy from 1051 (or 1056) until his death. He was son of Humbert I, the first Count of Savoy, and his wife Ancilla, and ascended the throne after the death of his elder brother, Amadeus I of Savoy. Otto substantially enlarged his lands through his marriage with Adelaide of Susa, countess of Turin and Lady of the Italian Mark, a title she had inherited from her father Olderico Manfredi.
Francis Hyacinth was the Duke of Savoy from 1637 to 1638 under regency of his mother Marie Christine. He was also Marquess of Saluzzo, count of Aosta, Moriana and Nice, and claimant King of Jerusalem. He was also known as the Flower of Paradise . When he succeeded his father, Francis was only 5 years old, so his mother held the government. He died in the Castle of Valentino of Turin, and was succeeded by his brother Carlo Emanuele.
Victor Amadeus II, Italian Vittorio Amedeo II (14 May 1666 – 31 October 1732) was Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730. He also held the titles of marquis of Saluzzo, marquis of Monferrato, prince of Piedmont, count of Aosta, Moriana and Nizza. His mother Marie Jeanne of Savoy was the regent from 1675 to 1684. He first became king of Sicily (1713-1718), but he was forced to exchange this title and instead became king of Sardinia (1720-1730).
Charles Albert (2 October 1798 – 28 July 1849) was the King of Piedmont-Sardinia from 1831 to 1849. He succeeded his distant cousin Charles Felix, and his name is bound with the first Italian statute and the First War of Independence (1848–49). He abdicated after his forces were defeated by the Austrian army at the Battle of Novara (1849), and died in exile soon thereafter.
Thomas Francis of Savoy (Italian Tommaso Francesco di Savoia, Principe di Carignano, French Thomas François de Savoie, Prince de Carignan; December 21, 1596 - January 22, 1656) was an Italian military commander, the founder of the Savoy-Carignano branch of the House of Savoy which reigned as kings of Sardinia from 1831 to 1861, and as kings of Italy from 1861 until the dynasty's deposition in 1946.
Amadeo (Italian Amedeo, sometimes anglicized as Amadeus) (30 May 1845 – 18 January 1890) was the only King of Spain from the House of Savoy. He was the second son of King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and was known for most of his life as Duke of Aosta, but served briefly as King of Spain from 1870 to 1873.
Cesare Balbo (21 November 1789 – 1853), Count of Vinadio, was an Italian writer and statesman. Balbo was born at Turin on the 21st of November 1789. His father, Prospero Balbo, who belonged to a noble Piedmontese family, held a high position in the Sardinian court, and at the time of Cesare’s birth was mayor of the capital. His mother, Enrichetta Taparelli d'Azeglio, died when he was three years old; and he was brought up in the house of his great-grandmother, the countess of Bugino.
Sonia Gandhi is the Italian-born President of the Indian National Congress and the widow of former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. She also serves as the Chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance in the Lok Sabha and the leader of the Congress Parliamentary Party.
Joseph-Marie, comte de Maistre (1 April 1753 – 26 February 1821) was a Savoyard lawyer, diplomat, writer, and philosopher . He was the most influential spokesmen for hierarchical authoritarianism in the period immediately following the French Revolution of 1789. De Maistre remained throughout all his life a loyal subject of the King of Sardinia, whom he served as member of the Savoy Senate (1787–1792), ambassador to Russia (1803–1817), and minister of state to the court in Turin (1817–1821).
Salvador Edward Luria (Turin, August 13, 1912 – Lexington, February 6, 1991) was an Italian-born American microbiologist and a Nobel laureate for his pioneering work with Max Delbrück and Alfred Hershey on phages in molecular biology.
Giuseppe Antonio Giachimo Cerutti (June 13, 1738 – February 3, 1792) was a French-Italian author and politician. He was born in Turin. Having joined the Society of Jesus, he became professor at the Jesuit college at Lyon. In 1762, in reply to the attacks on his order, he published an Apologie générale de l'institut et de la doctrine des Jésuites, which won him much fame and some exalted patronage; notably that of the ex-king Stanislaus of Poland and of his grandson the Dauphin.
Alberto Ferrero La Marmora (or Della Marmora; April 7, 1789 – March 18, 1863) was an Italian soldier and naturalist. Born in Turin, La Marmora was a general in the Napoleonic Wars and was personally decorated by Napoleon I. He was later employed by the King of Sardinia. He wrote Viaggio in Sardegna (Travels in Sardinia) in 1860, which extended the study of the island previously made by Francesco Cetti.
Francesco Tamagno (b. 28 December 1850, Turin –- d. 31 August 1905, Varese) was an Italian operatic tenor who performed to enormous acclaim in Europe and America. On 5 February 1887, he cemented his place in musical history by creating the role of Otello in Giuseppe Verdi's opera of the same name.
Balbina Steffenone (also spelled Bina or Steffanone or Steffenoni, 1825-1896) was a 19th century soprano. Born in Turin, Italy, she studied in Bologna under Teresa Bertinotti, debuting as Lucia in Macerata in 1842. After singing across Italy, she spent 1845-47 singing at Covent Garden, then went to North America, where she stayed for seven years. Her appearances ranged from Boston to Mexico City and Havana, where she remained a principal in the company under Giovanni Bottesini around 1850.
Robert Mario Fano (born 1917 as Roberto Mario Fano) is an Italian-American computer scientist, currently professor emeritus of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Fano is known principally for his work on information theory, inventing Shannon-Fano coding. In the early 1960s, he was involved in the development of time-sharing computers, and served as director of MIT's Project MAC from its founding in 1963 until 1968.
Giuliano Amato (born 13 May 1938) is an Italian politician. He was Prime Minister of Italy twice, first from 1992 to 1993 and then from 2000 to 2001. He was more recently Vice President of the Convention on the Future of Europe that drafted the new European Constitution and headed the Amato Group. He is commonly nicknamed dottor Sottile, (which means both "Dr. Thin" and "Doctor Subtilis", a joke about both his physical thinness and his political insightfulness).
Livio Berruti (born May 19, 1939) is an Italian former athlete. He became the surprising winner of the 200 m in the 1960 Summer Olympics. Born in Turin, Berruti, a chemistry student, was only 21 when he competed in the 1960 Olympics, which were held in front of his home crowd in Rome. In the semi-finals of the 200 m, he suddenly ran 20.5, equalling the standing world record for that distance. This made him a surprise outsider for the final, later that day.