Karl Bernhardovich Radek (31 October 1885 - 19 May 1939) was a socialist active in the Polish and German movements before World War I and an international Communist leader after the Russian Revolution.
Leopold Ritter von Sacher-Masoch (27 January 1836 – 9 March 1895) was an Austrian writer and journalist, who gained renown for his romantic stories of Galician life. The term masochism is derived from his name. During his lifetime, Sacher-Masoch was well-known as a man of letters, often compared to Turgenev, who was seen by some as a potential successor to Goethe. He was a utopian thinker who espoused socialist and humanist ideals in his fiction and non-fiction.
Stanisław Lem (12 September 1921 – 27 March 2006) was a Polish writer of science fiction, philosophy and satire . He was named a Knight of the Order of the White Eagle . His books have been translated into 41 languages and have sold over 27 million copies. He is perhaps best known as the author of the 1961 novel Solaris, which has twice been made into a feature film. In 1976, Theodore Sturgeon claimed that Lem was the most widely read science-fiction writer in the world.
Stefan Banach (1892–1945) was a Polish mathematician who worked in interwar Poland and in Soviet Ukraine. A self-taught mathematics prodigy, Banach was the founder of modern functional analysis and a founder of the Lwów School of Mathematics. Among his most prominent achievements was the 1932 book, Théorie des opérations linéaires (Theory of Linear Operations), the first monograph on the general theory of linear-metric space.
Stanisław Marcin Ulam (April 13, 1909 – May 13, 1984) was a Jewish Polish-American mathematician who participated in the Manhattan Project and originated the Teller–Ulam design of thermonuclear weapons. He also invented nuclear pulse propulsion and developed a number of mathematical tools in number theory, set theory, ergodic theory, and algebraic topology.
Andrzej Żuławski (born 22 November 1940) is a Polish film director. He was born in Lwów, Poland. Żuławski was an assistant of Andrzej Wajda. When his second film Diabeł was banned in Poland he decided to move to France, where he made L'Important c'est d'aimer (1975) with Romy Schneider. After returning to Poland he worked for two years on a film which the authorities did not allow him to finish (On the Silver Globe), based on a book by his great-uncle Jerzy Żuławski.
Stanisław I Leszczyński (20 October 1677 – 23 February 1766) was King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire (a rank bestowed by Emperor Frederick III on the Leszczyński family). Born in Lwów (then in Poland, but now in Ukraine) in 1677, he was the son of Rafał Leszczyński, voivode of Poznań Voivodeship, and Anna Katarzyna Jabłonowska.
Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (sometimes transliterated as Belyavsky, born December 17, 1953) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster. Beliavsky was born in Lviv. He currently lives in Slovenia and he plays for the Olympic team there. He is noted for his uncompromising style of play and for his classical opening repertoire, including openings such as the Queen's Gambit, Ruy Lopez and French Defence, for example.
Jan Łukasiewicz (21 December 1878 – 13 February 1956) was a Polish logician and philosopher born in Lwów, Galicia, Austria-Hungary. His work centred on analytical philosophy and mathematical logic. He thought innovatively about traditional propositional logic, the principle of non-contradiction and the law of excluded middle.
General Count Tadeusz Komorowski (June 1, 1895 - August 24, 1966), better known by the name Bór-Komorowski was a Polish military leader. Komorowski was born in Lviv, Austria-Hungary. In the First World War he served as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army, and after the war became an officer in the Polish Army, rising to command the Grudziądz Cavalry School.
Grigory Alexeyevich Yavlinsky is a Russian economist, and politician. He is best known as the author of 500 Days, a plan for the transition of the USSR into a free-market economy, and for his leadership of the liberal Yabloko party.
Professor Rudolf Stefan Weigl (September 2, 1883 - August 11, 1957, Zakopane) was a famous Polish biologist and inventor of the first effective vaccine against epidemic typhus. Weigl founded the Weigl Institute in Lwów, Poland, where he did his vaccine-producing research. Of Austrian ethnic descent, Weigl was born in Přerov, Moravia. His father died in a bicycle accident when he was a child. His mother, Elisabeth Kroesel, married a Polish high school teacher, Józef Trojnar.
Kazimierz Bartel (3 March 1882 – 26 July 1941) was a Polish mathematician and politician who served as Prime Minister of Poland three times between 1926 and 1930. He was born in Lviv(Lwów), Austria-Hungary 3 March 1882. After completing secondary school he studied at the Lviv Polytechnic in the Mechanical Engineering Department. He graduated in 1907 and soon became an assistant in Descriptive Geometry. By 1914 he was a professor at his alma mater.
Kateryna Lahno (born December 27, 1989) is a Ukrainian chess player. She earned the FIDE title of Woman Grandmaster (WGM) at the age of 12 years and 4 months, breaking Judit Polgar's record to become the youngest ever to earn this title. She is now a full Grandmaster (GM). Born in Lviv, Lahno grew up in the industrial and chess-friendly town Kramatorsk. As of 2005, she lives in Donetsk. Lahno was the fifth seed for the 64-player knockout 2004 Women's World Chess Championship.
Juliusz Paweł Schauder (September 21, 1899–September 1943) was a Polish - Ukrainian mathematician of Jewish origin, known for his work in functional analysis, partial differential equation and mathematical physics. Born on September 21, 1899 in Lwów, he had to fight in World War I right after his graduation from school. He was captured and imprisoned in Italy. He entered the university in Lwów in 1919 and received his doctorate in 1923.
Jacek Jan Kuroń (born 3 March 1934 in Lwów, died 17 June 2004 in Warsaw) was one of the democratic leaders of opposition in the People's Republic of Poland. Kuroń was a prominent Polish social and political figure; educator and historian; an activist of the Polish Scouting Association; co-founder of the Workers' Defence Committee; twice a Minister of Labour and Social Policy. Privately, Kuroń was the father of chef Maciej Kuroń.
Ivan Yakovych Franko (August 27 1856 – May 28 1916) was a Ukrainian poet, writer, social and literary critic, journalist, economist, and political activist. He was a political radical, and a founder of the socialist movement in western Ukraine. In addition to his own literary work, he also translated the works of such renowned figures as William Shakespeare, Lord Byron, Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Dante, Victor Hugo, Adam Mickiewicz, Goethe and Schiller into the Ukrainian language.
Kazimierz Klaudiusz Górski (March 2, 1921 – May 23, 2006) was a coach of Poland national football team and honorary president of Polish Football Union (Polski Związek Piłki Nożnej, PZPN). He was also a football player, capped once for Poland.
Maria Gabriela Stefania Korwin-Piotrowska (1857–1921), known as Gabriela Zapolska, was a Polish novelist, playwright, naturalist writer, feuilletonist, theatre critic and stage actress. Zapolska wrote some 41 plays, 23 novels, 177 short stories, 252 journalistic works, one film script and over 1,500 letters. She gained popularity with her socio-satirical naturalist comedies, which Moralność pani Dulskiej (The Morality of Mrs.
Leopold Staff (November 14, 1878 in Lwów – May 31, 1957 in Skarżysko-Kamienna) was a Polish poet and one of the greatest artists of European modernism honored two times by honorary degrees (honoris causa). He was also nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Representative of classicism and symbolism in the poetry of Young Poland, an author of many philosophical poems strong influenced by the idea of the Übermensch, the ideas of the Franciscan order, and paradoxes of Christianity.
Alfred Redl (March 14, 1864 – May 25, 1913) was an Austrian officer who rose to head the counter-intelligence efforts of Austria-Hungary. He was one of the leading figures of pre-World War I espionage. His term in office was marked by innovation, and he used very high technology for the time to ensnare foreign intelligence agents. But he was himself a spy for the Russians.