Karl Friedrich Eichhorn (20 November 1781 – 4 July 1854) was a German jurist. Eichhorn was born in Jena as the son of Johann Gottfried Eichhorn. He entered the University of Göttingen in 1797. In 1805 he obtained the professorship of law at Frankfurt (Oder), holding it till 1811, when he accepted the same chair at the new Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin. On the call to arms in 1813 he became a captain of horse, and received at the end of the war the decoration of the Iron Cross.
Tadeusz Reichstein (July 20, 1897 – August 1, 1996) was a Polish-born Swiss chemist and Nobel laureate. Reichstein was born into a Jewish family at Włocławek, Congress Poland, and spent his early childhood at Kiev, where his father was an engineer. He began his education a boarding-school at Jena, Germany.
Hans Prutz (20 May 1843 - 1929) was a German historian. Son of Robert Eduard Prutz (1816-1872), the essayist and historian, Hans was born at Jena, and was educated at the universities of Jena and Berlin. In 1865 appeared his monograph on Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and Bavaria, which was followed by three volumes on the emperor Frederick Barbarossa (Kaiser Friedrich I. , Danzig, 1871-1874). Meanwhile from 1863 to 1873 he was teaching in secondary schools.
Sahra Wagenknecht-Niemeyer is a German politician. She is a Member of the Bundestag, author, and a member of the National Committee of the Left Party. She is also currently the chief spokesperson for the Communist Platform inside the party.
Hugo Schmeisser (24 September 1884 – 12 September 1953) was a German developer of infantry weapons in the 20th century. Schmeisser was born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar. His father, Louis Schmeisser (1848 - 1917), was one of the best-known weapons designers in Europe. The life and work of Hugo Schmeisser mostly took place in the weapons manufacturing city of Suhl, Prussian Saxony.
Johann Karl August Musäus (29 March 1735 – 28 October 1787) was a German author from Jena. He studied theology at the university of Jena, and would have become the pastor of a parish but for the resistance of some peasants, who objected that he had been known to dance. From 1760–62 Musäus published in three volumes his first work, Grandison der Zweite, afterwards (in 1781–82) rewritten and issued with a new title, Der deutsche Grandison.
Otto Günsche (September 24, 1917 – October 2, 2003) was a Sturmbannführer (Major) in the Waffen-SS and a member of 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler before he became Adolf Hitler's personal adjutant.
Erich Kurt Kästner (April 5, 1911–January 31, 2005) was an Academy Award-winning German movie camera designer. He was born in Jena. During his work for ARRI he invented the spinning mirror reflex shutter for movie cameras, which was first used in the Arriflex 35 in 1937. It allows the operator to have a viewfinder image equal to the recorded picture. Kästner received a Gordon E. Sawyer Award in 1992 and an Oscar in 1973 (Class II technical award) and 1982 (Academy Award of Merit).
Ingrid Lange, née Brestrich, divorced Auerswald (born 2 September 1957 in Jena) is a retired German athlete, who competed mainly in the 100 metres. Auerswald competed for East Germany in the 1980 Summer Olympics held in Moscow, Russia, in the 100 metres where she finished third behind Lyudmila Kondratyeva and East German teammate Marlies Göhr. She then joined with Göhr and fellow East Germans Romy Müller and Bärbel Wöckel to win gold in the 4 x 100 metres relay.
Cornelia Sirch is a former backstroke swimmer from East Germany, who won two bronze medals at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. The 21-year old triumphed in the 100 m and 200 m backstroke. In 1982 she was named Swimming World's European Swimmer of the Year, after winning 200 m backstroke at the World Championships in Guayaguil in a world record time of 2:09.91, becoming the first woman to dip under 2 minutes 10 seconds. The record was broken by the US's Betsy Mitchell in 1986 .
Robert Friedrich Froriep (2 February 1804 – 15 June 1861) was a German anatomist who was a native of Jena. He was the father of anatomist August von Froriep (1849–1917). He studied medicine in Bonn, and later became prosector at the Charité Hospital in Berlin, where he was mentor to Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902). He held this position from 1833 until 1846, and supplemented his income as a teacher of anatomic drawing at the Academy of Fine Arts.
Simone Greiner-Petter-Memm (born September 15, 1967 in Jena, as Simone Greiner-Petter) is an East German-German cross country skier and biathlete who competed from 1987 to 1997 in cross country skiing and from 1992 to 2000 in biathlon.
Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Jena (b. Jena, 28 March 1675 - d. Jena, 4 November 1690), was a duke of Saxe-Jena. He was the youngest but sole surviving son of Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena by his wife Marie Charlotte, daughter of Henry de La Trémoille, 3rd Duke of Thouars, 2nd Duke of La Tremoille, and Prince of Talmond and Taranto.
Dr August Johann Georg Karl Batsch (28 October 1761 – 29 September 1802) was a German naturalist. He was a recognised authority on mushrooms, and also described new species of ferns, bryophytes, and seed plants.
Sabine Günther, née Rieger (born 6 November 1963 in Jena) is a retired East German sprinter who competed mainly in the 200 metres. She won the 200 metres gold medal at the 1981 European Junior Championships. At the 1982 European Championships she won the bronze medal in the 200 metres and a gold medal in the 4 x 100 metres relay together with teammates Gesine Walther, Bärbel Wöckel and Marlies Göhr. The team finished in 42.19 seconds with Günther running the third leg.
Rolf Beilschmidt (born 8 August 1953 in Jena) is a retired East German high jumper. Beilschmidt represented the sports club SC Motor Jena, and became East German champion in 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979 and 1981. Beilschmidt's personal best high jump was 2.31 metres, achieved in August 1977 in Helsinki. Beilschmidt shares the decathlon world record in high jump with Christian Schenk at 2.27 m.