The Degree Confluence Project is a World Wide Web-based all-volunteer project which aims to have people visit each of the integer degree intersections of latitude and longitude on Earth, posting photographs and a narrative of each visit online. Intersections are defined on the horizontal datum WGS 84. The project describes itself as "an organized sampling of the world".
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a U.S. space-based global navigation satellite system. It provides reliable positioning, navigation, and timing services to worldwide users on a continuous basis in all weather, day and night, anywhere on or near the Earth which has an unobstructed view of four or more GPS satellites. GPS is made up of three segments: Space, Control and User.
Letterboxing is an outdoor hobby that combines elements of orienteering, art, and puzzle solving. Letterboxers hide small, weatherproof boxes in publicly-accessible places (like parks) and distribute clues to finding the box in printed catalogs, on one of several web sites, or by word of mouth. Individual letterboxes usually contain a notebook and a rubber stamp.
The Hash House Harriers (abbreviated to HHH, H3, or referred to simply as Hashing) is an international group of non-competitive running, social and drinking clubs. An event organized by a club is known as a Hash or Hash Run, with participants calling themselves Hashers.
Geodashing is an outdoor sport in which teams of players use GPS receivers to find and visit randomly-selected "dashpoints" (also called "waypoints") around the world. The objective is to visit as many dashpoints as possible. Unlike geocaching, nothing is to be left at the dashpoints; the sole objective is to visit them within the time limit. The first game organized by gpsgames. org ran for two months (June and July 2001); each subsequent game has run for one month.
Peak bagging (also hill bagging, mountain bagging, Munro bagging, or among enthusiasts, just bagging) is an activity in which hillwalkers and mountaineers attempt to reach the summit of some collection of peaks, usually those above some height in a particular region, or having a particular feature. Peak bagging can be distinguished from highpointing.
A Travel Bug is a registered trademark of Groundspeak, Inc. used to describe a dogtag used in Geocaching. It is moved from cache to cache, and its travels can be logged on the geocaching website (www. geocaching. com). Each travel bug tag is printed with a unique PIN, which is needed to post a log online. Some tags are fastened to an object, such as a plastic figurine, before they are put in a cache. Travel bugs are tracked on the Groundspeak-owned website Geocaching.
A geocoin is a metal or wooden coin minted in similar fashion to a medallion, token coin, military challenge coin or wooden nickel, for use in geocaching. Some geocoins are trackable on the internet using a serial number and website address engraved on the coin. Personal geocoins are a personal signature item bearing the geocacher's handle and personal design, similar to a heraldic device. Geocoins are often minted by caching organizations and as fund-raisers for geocaching events.
A scavenger hunt is a game in which individuals or teams seek to gather a number of specific items — usually without purchasing them — or perform tasks or take photographs as specified by a list. The goal is usually to be the first to complete the list, although players can also be challenged to complete the tasks on the list in the most creative manner.
The Miglia Quadrato is an annual car treasure hunt which takes place on the second or third weekend in May within the Square Mile of the City of London. It is organised by the United Hospitals and University of London Motoring Club (UHULMC). The event has a long history - the fiftieth event took place on the evening/morning of 9/10 May 2009.
A treasure hunt is one of many different types of games which can have one or more players who try to find hidden articles, locations or places by using a series of clues. This is a fictional activity; treasure hunting can also be a real life activity. Treasure hunt games may be an indoor or outdoor activity. Outdoors they can be played in a garden or the treasure could be located anywhere around the world.
Highpointing is the sport of visiting (and finding) the point with the highest elevation within some area (the "highpoint"), for example the highest points in each county within a state. It can be considered a form of peak bagging.
County collecting is keeping track of the counties and other major census divisions one has visited in the United States. Many county collectors try to go for blackout, to visit every county unit in the United States. Others try to black out individual states, and others are only interested in keeping track of the counties they have visited without blacking out any states. County collecting is a way for people to relate to geography and their own life histories.
Geograph British Isles is a web-based project, initiated in March 2005, to create a freely accessible archive of geographically located photographs of Great Britain and Ireland. Photographs in the Geograph collection are chosen to illustrate significant or typical features of each 1 km x 1 km grid square in the British national grid reference system and the Irish national grid reference system. There are 330,184 such grid squares containing at least some land. Each page uses a Geo microformat.
Benchmarking is an activity in which individuals or teams of participants go out and find benchmarks (also known as geodetic control points). They typically then log their finds online. Like geocaching, the activity has mainly become popular in the early years of the 21st century.
Waymarking is an activity in which people can locate and log unique and interesting (and some mundane) locations around the world, usually with a GPS receiver and a digital camera. Waymarking differs from geocaching in that there is no physical container to locate at the given coordinates. Waymarking identifies points of interest for GPS users.
Paper Chase (also known as Hare and Hounds or Chalk Chase) is a racing game played outdoors (best played within a wood or even a shrubbery maze) with any number of players. At the start of the game, one person is designated the 'hare' and everyone else in the group are the 'hounds'. The 'hare' starts off ahead of everyone else leaving behind themselves a trail of paper shreds (or chalk marks in an urban environment) which represents the scent of the hare.
The UK Detector Finds Database is an initiative by some members of the metal-detecting community in the United Kingdom to promote good practice within the hobby. It is an online facility for detectorists to record their finds and ensure that the information is preserved for future generations. Those joining the scheme have immediate access to the database for uploading details of their finds, and instructions are provided at each stage of the process.
Questing is a game played across a community or geographic place. Originally coined in the USA, it is similar to the concept of letterboxing where clues lead to sealed boxes to be found in a type of treasure hunt. Questing originated with the placing of a treasure box at Cranmere Pool in Dartmoor, England, by James Perrott in 1854. Over time, the hobby spread, and there are now more than 5,000 treasures to be found in and around Dartmoor.
StreetWars is a three week long water gun "assassination" tournament that travels to cities around the world. Created by Franz Aliquo and Liao Yutai, the tournament is based on the college and high school game Assassin. The June 2007 issue of Maxim Magazine has an article written by one of the participants of the 2006 London Streetwar.
Falls bagging (or waterfall bagging) is a hobby amongst bushwalkers and to some extent people that are involved in Geocaching, who seek out waterfalls. It is a blossoming hobby in the same vein as peak bagging. Some consider it a game, others just a personal challenge. Falls baggers are constantly in search of a new, little known set of waterfalls. To properly "bag" a waterfall, the bagger must visit it personally and take a photograph of it.
A location-based game (or location-enabled game) is one in which the game play somehow evolves and progresses via a player's location. Thus, location-based games almost always support some kind of localization technology, for example by using satellite positioning like GPS. "Urban gaming" or "Street Games" are typically multi-player location-based games played out on city streets and built up urban environments.
A Geotoken is a signature trading item used in the sport of geocaching. The idea for geotokens was inspired by the geocoin as a less expensive alternative. They are homemade with a personalized design for the specific geocaching player or team. The design is printed on paper, cut out, and then laminated in stiff clear plastic.
An Alleycat race is an informal bicycle race. Alleycats almost always take place in cities, and are often organized by bicycle messengers. The informality of the organization is matched by the emphasis on taking part, rather than simple competition. Many Alleycats present prizes for the last competitor to finish (sometimes known as Dead Fucking Last or DFL).