The Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia represents the Army, Air Force, Air Defense, and Border Guard. It was partially formed out of the former Soviet Army forces stationed in the Armenian SSR (parts of the Transcaucasian Military District). Being a landlocked country, Armenia has no navy. The Commander-in-Chief of the military is the President of Armenia, currently Serzh Sargsyan.
The Armenian Legion was the name given to the 812th Armenian Battalion, which was a foreign unit of the Nazi Germany during World War II, comprised largely Armenians of Red Army POWs, under the leadership of Drastamat Kanayan.. Their established aim was the restoration of Armenia’s independence from the Soviet Union. American historian Alexander Dallin notes that Armenian and Georgian battalions were sent to the Netherlands as a result of Hitler's distrust for them, many of which deserted.
The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Defence Army is the formal defence force of the de-facto Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR). Established in 1992, it united previously disorganized self-defence units which were formed in the early 1990s in order to protect the ethnic Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh from the attacks by the military of the Soviet and Azerbaijani forces.
Armenian volunteer units or "Armenian volunteer corps" were Armenian battalions in Russian and British armies during the World War I. Majority of these units support the military activities at the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The origin of these units were varied. Some units were formed from the Armenians escaped from the Ottomans. The Ottoman Parliamentary representative Garegin Pastermadjian commanded one battalion.
The Armenian Legion, established with the French-Armenian Agreement (1916), was a foreign legion unit within French Army. The Armenian legion was established under the goals of the Armenian national liberation movement and was an armed unit besides the Armenian volunteer units and Armenian militia during World War I which fought against the Ottoman Empire. The initial name of the legion was "La Légion d'Orient" (The Eastern Legion).
Gurgen Margaryan (Armenian Գուրգեն Մարգարյան; September 26, 1979 - February 19, 2004) was a lieutenant in the Armenian army who was murdered on 19 February 2004 by Ramil Safarov, a lieutenant in theAzerbaijani army.
The Armenian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia and consists of the ground forces responsible for the country's land-based operations. It was established in conjunction with the other components of Armenia's military on January 28, 1992, several months after the republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union. The army's first head was the former deputy commander-in-chief of the Soviet Ground Forces, Norat Ter-Grigoryants.
The military history of Armenia is defined by the situation of the Armenian Highland between the Hellenistic states, and later the Byzantine Empire, in the west and the Persian Empire to the east. The Kingdom of Armenia has a series of repeated struggles for independence from Persia or Rome, followed by renewed conquests into either of the neighboring empires. In modern times, Armenia again situated between two empires, this time the Ottoman Empire vs. the Russian Empire.
The Armenian Air Force is a small air arm formed by independent Armenia in 1992 in the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It is organized and equipped principally to provide Armenian ground forces with tactical air support in the form of ground attack and airlift in mountainous terrain. It provided effective support during the battles with Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from 1992-1994, albeit without much fanfare.
The Armenian Air Defence is the anti-aircraft branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia. It was equipped and organized as part of the military reform program of Ter-Grigoriants. “On the one hand, Armenia’s national system of air defence makes us happy,” said General Vladimir Mikhaylov. “On the other, we will keep helping you, including with means and forces existing at the Russian military base No. 102 which is stationed here.
The Armenian Border Guard (Հայաստանի Սահմանի Պահակություն) is the branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia that is responsible for guarding Armenia's borders. Armenia is bordered by four countries: Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran and Georgia. Armenia established its Ministry of Defence on 28 January 1992. The border guards subject to the Ministry, patrol Armenia's borders with Georgia and Azerbaijan, while Russian troops continue to monitor its borders with Iran and Turkey.